How to format your references using the Vaccine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vaccine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zuk M. Family values in black and white. Nature 2006;439:917.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sung S, Amasino RM. Vernalization in Arabidopsis thaliana is mediated by the PHD finger protein VIN3. Nature 2004;427:159–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khatiwala S, Primeau F, Hall T. Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature 2009;462:346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang C-M, Genc A, Cheng H, Pullan L, Baer DR, Bruemmer SM. In-situ TEM visualization of vacancy injection and chemical partition during oxidation of Ni-Cr nanoparticles. Sci Rep 2014;4:3683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bilisoly R. Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Wang F, Prominski M, editors. Urbanization and Locality: Strengthening Identity and Sustainability by Site-Specific Planning and Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mansour S, Magnan J, Haidar H, Nicolas K, Louryan S. Middle Ear Compartments. In: Magnan J, Haidar H, Nicolas K, Louryan S, editors. Comprehensive and Clinical Anatomy of the Middle Ear, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vaccine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Ancient Supermassive Black Hole Ejects Major Flare. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Current Funding Status of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McCain AK. Influence of market setting and time of purchase on counts of aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and coliform and prevalence of Salmonella and Listeria in beef, pork, and chicken in Vietnam. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Youngest of Clarks Joins Olympic Family. New York Times 2000:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVaccine
AbbreviationVaccine
ISSN (print)0264-410X
ScopeMolecular Medicine
General Immunology and Microbiology
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Veterinary

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