How to format your references using the Computational Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V.J. Hilser, Biochemistry. An ensemble view of allostery, Science. 327 (2010) 653–654.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.D. Purugganan, D.Q. Fuller, The nature of selection during plant domestication, Nature. 457 (2009) 843–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Ikegami, Y. Tsutsumi, K. Kono, Chiral symmetry breaking in superfluid 3He-A, Science. 341 (2013) 59–62.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.W. Schell, J. Kaschke, J. Fischer, R. Henze, J. Wolters, M. Wegener, O. Benson, Three-dimensional quantum photonic elements based on single nitrogen vacancy-centres in laser-written microstructures, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Häberlin, Photovoltaics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
E.H. Lieb, The Mathematics of the Bose Gas and its Condensation, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Zalewski, The Post-Process Era in Composition Studies and the Linguistic Turn of the 20th Century, in: D. Gabryś-Barker, E. Piechurska-Kuciel, J. Zybert (Eds.), Investigations in Teaching and Learning Languages: Studies in Honour of Hanna Komorowska, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Condensed Matter.

Blog post
E. Andrew, First Waterproof, Wireless Smart Earphones Are A Game Changer, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications Technology: Federal Funding for Schools and Libraries, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Moshfegh, The multidimensional wellbeing assessment: Preliminary validation in an Iranian sample, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, Australia’s Property Boom Makes Publisher a Target, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Condensed Matter
AbbreviationComput. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)2352-2143

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