How to format your references using the Utilities Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Utilities Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zatz, M., 2005. Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science 308, 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalaany, N.Y., Sabatini, D.M., 2009. Tumours with PI3K activation are resistant to dietary restriction. Nature 458, 725–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ta, V.D., Chen, R., Sun, H.D., 2013. Tuning whispering gallery mode lasing from self-assembled polymer droplets. Sci. Rep. 3, 1362.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ijspeert, A.J., Crespi, A., Ryczko, D., Cabelguen, J.-M., 2007. From swimming to walking with a salamander robot driven by a spinal cord model. Science 315, 1416–1420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruehli, A.E., Antonini, G., Jiang, L., 2017. Circuit Oriented Electromagnetic Modeling Using the Peec Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ascoli, G.A., Hawrylycz, M., Ali, H., Khazanchi, D., Shi, Y. (Eds.), 2016. Brain Informatics and Health: International Conference, BIH 2016, Omaha, NE, USA, October 13-16, 2016 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodman, J., Dong, H., Langdon, P.M., Clarkson, P.J., 2006. Factors Involved in Industry’s Response to Inclusive Design, in: Clarkson, J., Langdon, P., Robinson, P. (Eds.), Designing Accessible Technology. Springer, London, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Utilities Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Physicist Claims to Have Proven Mathematically That Black Holes Do Not Exist [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Content Analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material--Transfer Paper 10.1.3 (No. 138426). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon, M., 2014. Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., 2017. Trump Abandoning Global Climate Accord. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zatz, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kalaany and Sabatini, 2009; Zatz, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalaany and Sabatini, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ijspeert et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleUtilities Policy
ISSN (print)0957-1787
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

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