How to format your references using the Utilities Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Utilities Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baulcombe, D., 2013. Plant science. Small RNA--the secret of noble rot. Science 342, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E.E., Lajoie, L.J., 2013. Anthropogenic seismicity rates and operational parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. Science 341, 543–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulathinal, R.J., Bettencourt, B.R., Hartl, D.L., 2004. Compensated deleterious mutations in insect genomes. Science 306, 1553–1554.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Folli, V., Ghofraniha, N., Puglisi, A., Leuzzi, L., Conti, C., 2013. Time-resolved dynamics of granular matter by random laser emission. Sci. Rep. 3, 2251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riches, J., 2008. Galatians Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
St. John, J.C. (Ed.), 2013. Mitochondrial DNA, Mitochondria, Disease and Stem Cells, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Robbins, C.A., 2015. Case 15: Correction of Post-infectious Partial Proximal Tibia Growth Arrest with Taylor Spatial Frame in a Child, in: Rozbruch, S.R., Hamdy, R.C. (Eds.), Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Surgery Case Atlas: Pediatric Deformity. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 107–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Utilities Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Pluto and Charon Show Their True Colors [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. A Judgmental Call: Measuring the Safety of the Airlines (No. 135528). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstine, J.T., 2015. Experiences of Students Transferring from Community and Technical Colleges to a Private Nonprofit University (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, H.C., 2003. Terrorism and the Biology Lab. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baulcombe, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Baulcombe, 2013; Brodsky and Lajoie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodsky and Lajoie, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Folli et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleUtilities Policy
ISSN (print)0957-1787
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles