How to format your references using the Utilities Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Utilities Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMahon, R.J., 2003. Chemistry. Chemical reactions involving quantum tunneling. Science 299, 833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riskin, D.K., Hermanson, J.W., 2005. Biomechanics: independent evolution of running in vampire bats. Nature 434, 292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freimund, D.L., Aflatooni, K., Batelaan, H., 2001. Observation of the Kapitza-Dirac effect. Nature 413, 142–143.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Otero, R., Lukas, M., Kelly, R.E.A., Xu, W., Laegsgaard, E., Stensgaard, I., Kantorovich, L.N., Besenbacher, F., 2008. Elementary structural motifs in a random network of cytosine adsorbed on a gold(111) surface. Science 319, 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani, G., Laporte, G., Musmanno, R., 2005. Introduction to Logistics Systems Planning and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Agresti, A., Meng, X.-L. (Eds.), 2013. Strength in Numbers: The Rising of Academic Statistics Departments in the U. S. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, D., Su, Z., Qi, K., Xin, G., Wei, P., 2015. RPECA-Rumor Propagation Based Eventual Consistency Assessment Algorithm, in: Chen, Y., Ienne, P., Ji, Q. (Eds.), Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 11th International Symposium, APPT 2015, Jinan, China, August 20-21, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 60–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Utilities Policy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Virtual Reality Tech May Make “Going Shopping’ In Real Life A Thing Of The Past [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Motor Carrier Safety: Federal Safety Agency Identifies Many High-Risk Carriers but Does Not Assess Maximum Fines as Often as Required by Law (No. GAO-07-584). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, T.L., 2010. Quantitative approach to technical performance measurement and technical risk analysis utilizing Bayesian methods and Monte Carlo simulation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Catching a Running Partner at the Trials,With a Chance to Pass. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMahon, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McMahon, 2003; Riskin and Hermanson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riskin and Hermanson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Otero et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleUtilities Policy
ISSN (print)0957-1787
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

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