How to format your references using the Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, Alison. 2003. “Italians Riled by Science Reforms.” Nature 421 (6922): 465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolfe, Michael S., and Dennis J. Selkoe. 2002. “Biochemistry. Intramembrane Proteases--Mixing Oil and Water.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5576): 2156–2157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura, Kazuya, Yuichi Onda, and Takehiko Fukushima. 2014. “Sediment Particle Size and Initial Radiocesium Accumulation in Ponds Following the Fukushima DNPP Accident.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4514.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hannon, J. B., H. Hibino, N. C. Bartelt, B. S. Swartzentruber, T. Ogino, and G. L. Kellogg. 2000. “Dynamics of the Silicon (111) Surface Phase Transition.” Nature 405 (6786): 552–554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Weng Fook. 2005. Verilog Coding for Logic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gniech Karasawa, Marines Marli, ed. 2015. Reproductive Diversity of Plants: An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Génard, Michel, Mohamed-Mahmoud Memmah, Bénédicte Quilot-Turion, Gilles Vercambre, Valentina Baldazzi, Jacques Le Bot, Nadia Bertin, Hélène Gautier, Françoise Lescourret, and Loïc Pagès. 2016. “Process-Based Simulation Models Are Essential Tools for Virtual Profiling and Design of Ideotypes: Example of Fruit and Root.” In Crop Systems Biology: Narrowing the Gaps between Crop Modelling and Genetics, edited by Xinyou Yin and Paul C. Struik, 83–104. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Policy Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “A Potential Answer To Why Life Needs Water.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Third Expenditure Plan. GAO-01-227. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, Eastine Louise. 2014. “Sailing on a Sea of Hope: Exploring the Impact of Federal Consolidation on Individual Identification and Organizational Identity.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. 2016. “World Chess Smackdown! Be There!” New York Times, November 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Wolfe and Selkoe 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolfe and Selkoe 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yoshimura, Onda, and Fukushima 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hannon et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolicy Studies
ISSN (print)0144-2872
ISSN (online)1470-1006
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

Other styles