How to format your references using the Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. 2005. “India’s Drug Tests.” Nature 436 (7050): 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hivon, Eric, and Marc Kamionkowski. 2002. “Cosmology. A New Window to the Early Universe.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5597): 1349–1350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, Ying-Chih, Jhao-Ying Wu, and Ming-Fa Lin. 2013. “Electric Field Dependence of Excitation Spectra in AB-Stacked Bilayer Graphene.” Scientific Reports 3: 1368.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Medaglia, Chiara, Amir Giladi, Liat Stoler-Barak, Marco De Giovanni, Tomer Meir Salame, Adi Biram, Eyal David, et al. 2017. “Spatial Reconstruction of Immune Niches by Combining Photoactivatable Reporters and ScRNA-Seq.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 358 (6370): 1622–1626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliamonte, Sali A. 2015. Making Waves. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shackelford, Todd K., and Ranald D. Hansen, eds. 2015. The Evolution of Sexuality. Evolutionary Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Thiagalingam, Sam, and Douglas V. Faller. 2008. “The Cancer Epigenome.” In Molecular Targeting in Oncology, edited by Howard L. Kaufman, Scott Wadler, and Karen Antman, 97–113. Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Policy Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “The Dark Truth About Adélie Penguins Was Kept Secret For More Than A Hundred Years.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate’s Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts. GAO-12-239T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vianna, Margaret Huntingford. 2015. “An Exploration of the Factors That Influence Brazilian Students’ Fluency of English: A Case Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, Michael. 2017. “Atmosphere Is Tempered At Puerto Rican Day Parade.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Padma 2005; Hivon and Kamionkowski 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hivon and Kamionkowski 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chuang, Wu, and Lin 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Medaglia et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolicy Studies
ISSN (print)0144-2872
ISSN (online)1470-1006
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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