How to format your references using the Policy Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Policy Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aleksander, I. 2001. “The Self ‘out There.’” Nature 413 (6851): 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buffett, B. A., and H. R. Wenk. 2001. “Texturing of the Earth’s Inner Core by Maxwell Stresses.” Nature 413 (6851): 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, Matthew J., Peter Sheridan Dodds, and Duncan J. Watts. 2006. “Experimental Study of Inequality and Unpredictability in an Artificial Cultural Market.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5762): 854–856.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jepsen, Kristen, Derek Solum, Tianyuan Zhou, Robert J. McEvilly, Hyun-Jung Kim, Christopher K. Glass, Ola Hermanson, and Michael G. Rosenfeld. 2007. “SMRT-Mediated Repression of an H3K27 Demethylase in Progression from Neural Stem Cell to Neuron.” Nature 450 (7168): 415–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati, Nasser, Guy A. Dumont, Kaveh Akbari Hamed, and William A. Gruver. 2012. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meghvansi, Mukesh K., and Ajit Varma, eds. 2015. Organic Amendments and Soil Suppressiveness in Plant Disease Management. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 46. Soil Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brejová, Broňa, Askar Gafurov, Dana Pardubská, Michal Sabo, and Tomáš Vinař. 2016. “Isometric Gene Tree Reconciliation Revisited.” In Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 16th International Workshop, WABI 2016, Aarhus, Denmark, August 22-24, 2016. Proceedings, edited by Martin Frith and Christian Nørgaard Storm Pedersen, 40–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Policy Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Lightning Archaeology Measures Bolts’ Power.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. ADA Paratransit Services: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Services and Costs (GAO-13-18SP, November, 2012), an E-Supplement to GAO-13-17. GAO-13-18SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes, David Lawrence. 2010. “Remnants of Life.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2016. “Indians’ Kluber Emerges as a Postseason Power.” New York Times, October 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aleksander 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Aleksander 2001; Buffett and Wenk 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buffett and Wenk 2001)
  • Three authors: (Salganik, Dodds, and Watts 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jepsen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolicy Studies
ISSN (print)0144-2872
ISSN (online)1470-1006
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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