How to format your references using the Urology Video Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urology Video Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.J. Jensen, Cell biology. Protein filaments caught in the act, Science. 323 (2009) 472–473.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Elbert, S. Heim, A light and a dark side, Nature. 411 (2001) 139.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.A. Sanders, E. Llagostera, M. Barna, Specialized filopodia direct long-range transport of SHH during vertebrate tissue patterning, Nature. 497 (2013) 628–632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.H. Youn, J.-W. Jang, J.Y. Kim, J.S. Jang, S.H. Choi, J.S. Lee, Fabrication of graphene-based electrode in less than a minute through hybrid microwave annealing, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-C. Diels, L. Arissian, Lasers, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
P.T. Cagle, T.C. Allen, M.B. Beasley, L.R. Chirieac, S. Dacic, A.C. Borczuk, K.M. Kerr, eds., Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Singer, E. Zinser, Business Process Management — S-BPM a New Paradigm for Competitive Advantage?, in: H. Buchwald, A. Fleischmann, D. Seese, C. Stary (Eds.), S-BPM ONE – Setting the Stage for Subject-Oriented Business Process Management: First International Workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 22, 2009. Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 48–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urology Video Journal.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Why We Can’t Spin A Silken Yarn As Strong As A Spider Can, IFLScience. (2012).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Francom, Análisis sociolingüístico de eleccion de lengua en encuentros de servicio: Una perspectiva etnográfica y experimental, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. Macfarlane, Wordsworth, New York Times. (1906) RECIEW OF BOOKSBR166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrology Video Journal
ISSN (print)2590-0897

Other styles