How to format your references using the Urology Video Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urology Video Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Bell, Neutral macroecology, Science. 293 (2001) 2413–2418.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.D. Lukin, A. Imamoğlu, Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency, Nature. 413 (2001) 273–276.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Frank, L.C. Seeberger, R.C. O’reilly, By carrot or by stick: cognitive reinforcement learning in parkinsonism, Science. 306 (2004) 1940–1943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Li, G. Eres, J. Howe, Y.-J. Chuang, X. Li, Z. Gu, L. Zhang, S. Xie, Z. Pan, Self-assembly of graphene on carbon nanotube surfaces, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.I. Poltorak, P.J. Lerner, Essentials of Intellectual Property, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
A. El-Osery, J. Prevost, eds., Control and Systems Engineering: A Report on Four Decades of Contributions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K.M. Page, J. Kurtzberg, Optimizing Donor and Cord Blood Unit Selection for Banking and Transplantation, in: K. Ballen (Ed.), Umbilical Cord Blood Banking and Transplantation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urology Video Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Four Eyed Harvestman Fossil Helps Shed Light On Arachnid Evolution, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Monforton, Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
O. Kelly, The Nation; What the Rosenberg Papers Show The Surprise Final Witness, New York Times. (1975) The Week In ReviewE4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrology Video Journal
ISSN (print)2590-0897

Other styles