How to format your references using the Wood Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wood Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2003) Chemists’ salaries turn south. Nature 422:650
A journal article with 2 authors
Siller S, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK. (2001) Sexual selection and the maintenance of sex. Nature 411:689–692
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida S, Sukeno M, Nabeshima Y-I (2007) A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis. Science 317:1722–1726
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Žitnik M, Janjić V, Larminie C, et al (2013) Discovering disease-disease associations by fusing systems-level molecular data. Sci Rep 3:3202

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford R (2012) Freedom of Religion and the Secular State. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Leonida MD (2016) Bionanomaterials for Skin Regeneration. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bujalance E, Cirre FJ, Gamboa JM, Gromadzki G (2010) Symmetry Types of Riemann Surfaces with a Large Group of Automorphisms. In: Cirre FJ, Gamboa JM, Gromadzki G (eds) Symmetries of Compact Riemann Surfaces. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 91–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wood Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Chemical Found In Deep Space Hints At How Life Formed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders’ Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley PM (2012) Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M, Walsh MW (2011) Public Pensions, Once Off Limits, Face Budget Cuts. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Siller and Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK. 2001; Hoag 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siller and Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK. 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Žitnik et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWood Science and Technology
AbbreviationWood Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0043-7719
ISSN (online)1432-5225
Plant Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles