How to format your references using the Wood Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wood Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Squire LR (2007) Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science 316:57–58
A journal article with 2 authors
McCormick C, Ganem D (2005) The kaposin B protein of KSHV activates the p38/MK2 pathway and stabilizes cytokine mRNAs. Science 307:739–741
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiger AA, White-Cooper H, Fuller MT (2000) Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature 407:750–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Scott RS, McMahon EJ, Pop SM, et al (2001) Phagocytosis and clearance of apoptotic cells is mediated by MER. Nature 411:207–211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux P, Attour A, Schenk E (2016) Knowledge Management and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chikanda A, Crush J, Walton-Roberts M (eds) (2016) Diasporas, Development and Governance, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Melling L (2016) Peatland in Malaysia. In: Osaki M, Tsuji N (eds) Tropical Peatland Ecosystems. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 59–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wood Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) All Six Of The US Nobel Prize Winning Scientists Are Immigrants. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Information Technology: DLA Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Management Capability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker HA (2017) Virtual Mate Poaching: A study of the tactics used to poach a potential mate on Social Networking Sites. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Squire 2007).
This sentence cites two references (McCormick and Ganem 2005; Squire 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCormick and Ganem 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWood Science and Technology
AbbreviationWood Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0043-7719
ISSN (online)1432-5225
Plant Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles