How to format your references using the Wood Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wood Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Midgley GF (2012) Ecology. Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Science 335:174–175
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikeda T, Ube T (2014) Materials science: A superelastic organic crystal. Nature 511:300–301
A journal article with 3 authors
Tingley MW, Estes LD, Wilcove DS (2013) Ecosystems: climate change must not blow conservation off course. Nature 500:271–272
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nürnberg DJ, Morton J, Santabarbara S, et al (2018) Photochemistry beyond the red limit in chlorophyll f-containing photosystems. Science 360:1210–1213

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale J, Len IH (2008) Zero Limits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Feng H, Barbosa-Canovas G, Weiss J (eds) (2011) Ultrasound Technologies for Food and Bioprocessing, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Procopiou M, Meier CA (2007) Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules. In: Oertli D, Udelsman R (eds) Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wood Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Lips are the Most Exposed Erogenous Zone, Which Makes Kissing Feel Very Good. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Higher Education: School’s Use of the Antitrust Exemption Has Not Significantly Affected College Affordability or Likelihood of Student Enrollment to Date. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller NY (2017) Nutrition education series for female club soccer players 14 to 18 years of age. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Whimsical Boyfriends. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Midgley 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Midgley 2012; Ikeda and Ube 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikeda and Ube 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nürnberg et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWood Science and Technology
AbbreviationWood Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0043-7719
ISSN (online)1432-5225
Plant Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles