How to format your references using the Wood Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wood Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson G (2015) Human genetics. GTEx detects genetic effects. Science 348:640–641
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst MO, Banks MS (2002) Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature 415:429–433
A journal article with 3 authors
Moynier F, Yin Q-Z, Schauble E (2011) Isotopic evidence of Cr partitioning into Earth’s core. Science 331:1417–1420
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Watson TF, Philips SGJ, Kawakami E, et al (2018) A programmable two-qubit quantum processor in silicon. Nature 555:633–637

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga H (2011) Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Taylor D (2014) Handbook of Insomnia. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler W, Lechleiter A, Plum M, et al (2011) An introduction to direct and inverse scattering theory. In: Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C (eds) Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation. Springer, Basel, pp 79–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wood Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Calculation Suggests China’s Greenhouse Emissions Have Been Overestimated. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Road to a Billion Dollar Saving: A Team Effort. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang E (2017) Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility Investigation of the Coyote Mountain Shear Zone. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Georgia: F.B.I Rules Premier’s Death Was Accidental. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ernst and Banks 2002; Gibson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Banks 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Watson et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWood Science and Technology
AbbreviationWood Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0043-7719
ISSN (online)1432-5225
Plant Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles