How to format your references using the Wood Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wood Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D (2011) Overview: Multiple lines of attack. Nature 480:S34-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz RM, Williams CJ (2002) The science of ART. Science 296:2188–2190
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang G, Pan F, Gan W-B (2009) Stably maintained dendritic spines are associated with lifelong memories. Nature 462:920–924
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Tian D, Lin R, et al (2014) Phase-contrast X-ray CT imaging of esophagus and esophageal carcinoma. Sci Rep 4:5332

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svrcek WY, Mahoney DP, Young BR (2007) A Real-Time Approach to Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kappeler PM, Silk J (eds) (2010) Mind the Gap: Tracing the Origins of Human Universals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Thirunarayanan MO (2011) Four Priorities for Doctoral Programs in Small Colleges/Universities. In: Pérez DMC, Fain SM, Slater JJ (eds) Higher Education and Human Capital: Re/thinking the Doctorate in America. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 65–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wood Science and Technology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Why Male And Female Salmon Age Differently. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Federal Retirement Processing: OPM Is Pursuing Incremental Information Technology Improvements after Canceling a Modernization Plagued by Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Willhite DG (2001) Purification, Identification, and Partial Characterization of Proteins Associated with the Adaptive Immune Response to Soluble Protein Antigen in the American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana). Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly JL (1972) Preserving Our Relevance. New York Times SPORTS14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schultz and Williams 2002; Graham-Rowe 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Williams 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWood Science and Technology
AbbreviationWood Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0043-7719
ISSN (online)1432-5225
Plant Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles