How to format your references using the Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz L. Drugs: a tangled web of targets. Nature 2011;475:S9-11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gebhardt JCM, Rief M. Biochemistry. Force signaling in biology. Science 2009;324:1278–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wieczorek MA, Weiss BP, Stewart ST. An impactor origin for lunar magnetic anomalies. Science 2012;335:1212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ozawa S, Miyahara M, Ohtani E, Koroleva ON, Ito Y, Litasov KD, et al. Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Sci Rep 2014;4:5033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simko SP. Strategic Fixed Income Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Salsa S. Equazioni a derivate parziali: Complementi ed esercizi. Milano: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou Z-R, Yu H-Y, Zheng J, Qian L-M, Yan Y. Effect of the Oral Environment on the Tribological Behavior of Human Teeth. In: Yu H-Y, Zheng J, Qian L-M, Yan Y, editors. Dental Biotribology, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 75–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Solar Roadway To Be Installed On Route 66, But What’s The Point? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army’s FY 1980 Programs for Procuring Conventional Ammunition, Modernization, and Expansion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger R. Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A. Celebrations Of Diversity ln Distinct Ceremonies. New York Times 2017:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
AbbreviationUrol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1078-1439

Other styles