How to format your references using the Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stephan P. Research efficiency: Perverse incentives. Nature 2012;484:29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sankar P, Cho MK. Genetics. Toward a new vocabulary of human genetic variation. Science 2002;298:1337–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Carrez P, Ferré D, Cordier P. Implications for plastic flow in the deep mantle from modelling dislocations in MgSiO3 minerals. Nature 2007;446:68–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ashida H, Saito Y, Kojima C, Kobayashi K, Ogasawara N, Yokota A. A functional link between RuBisCO-like protein of Bacillus and photosynthetic RuBisCO. Science 2003;302:286–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Merritt C. Process Steam Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Bruccoleri F. Wideband Low Noise Amplifiers Exploiting Thermal Noise Cancellation. vol. 840. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Oxley JC. What’s Special About Liquid Explosives? In: Schubert H, Kuznetsov A, editors. Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Plants With Weapons. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/plants-weapons/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Medical Records Privacy: Uses and Oversight of Patient Information in Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kao CH. Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times 2013:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
AbbreviationUrol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1078-1439
ScopeOncology
Urology

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