How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, P. W. (2008). Materials science. The new diamond age? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1490–1491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz, B., & Giardini, D. (2001). Geophysics. The future of permanent seismic networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2000–2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T. S., & Kenner, N. M. (2005). Cognitive psychology: rare items often missed in visual searches. Nature, 435(7041), 439–440.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Habenicht, A., Olapinski, M., Burmeister, F., Leiderer, P., & Boneberg, J. (2005). Jumping nanodroplets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2043–2045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. (2014). Wiley Gaap 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Machlis, G. E., Hanson, T., Špirić, Z., & McKendry, J. E. (Eds.). (2011). Warfare Ecology: A New Synthesis for Peace and Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahman, S. A., Leung, M. K. H., & Cho, S.-Y. (2011). Human Action Recognition by Extracting Features from Negative Space. In G. Maino & G. L. Foresti (Eds.), Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2011: 16th International Conference, Ravenna, Italy, September 14-16, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 29–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 8). Tiny Canadian Town Suddenly Has Bright Pink Tap Water. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Student Financial Aid: Federal Aid Awarded to Students Taking Remedial Courses (No. HEHS-97-142). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes, D. L. (2010). Remnants of Life (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2013, January 6). They Grow Up, But They Remain A Lifetime Pursuit. New York Times, p. AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2008).
This sentence cites two references (May 2008; Romanowicz and Giardini 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Habenicht et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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