How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlesworth, B. (2000). No pie in the sky, thanks. Nature, 404(6777), 431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonnet, R.-M., & Bleeker, J. A. M. (2011). Astrophysics. A dark age for space astronomy? Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6039), 161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y., Lu, H., & Bargmann, C. I. (2005). Pathogenic bacteria induce aversive olfactory learning in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 438(7065), 179–184.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murdock, C. C., Blanford, S., Hughes, G. L., Rasgon, J. L., & Thomas, M. B. (2014). Temperature alters Plasmodium blocking by Wolbachia. Scientific reports, 4, 3932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mubarak, S. (2010). Construction Project Scheduling and Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lai, C.-D. (2006). Stochastic Ageing and Dependence for Reliability. (M. Xie, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hombach, L. E., & Walther, G. (2015). Evaluation of CO2 Abatement Measures for (Bio-) Fuel Production. In J. Dethloff, H.-D. Haasis, H. Kopfer, H. Kotzab, & J. Schönberger (Eds.), Logistics Management: Products, Actors, Technology - Proceedings of the German Academic Association for Business Research, Bremen, 2013 (pp. 39–51). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 16). How Hubble’s Successor Will Give Us A Glimpse Into The Very First Galaxies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Space Station: Inadequate Planning and Design Led to Propulsion Module Project Failure (No. GAO-01-633). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrin, J. L. (2014). Sitting in the Fire: An Exploration of Soul-Making in Prison (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, December 30). At the End, the Telltale Runners’ Bags. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlesworth 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bonnet and Bleeker 2011; Charlesworth 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonnet and Bleeker 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Murdock et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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