How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Altman, M. S. (2010). Chemistry. CO prefers the aisle seat. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 789–790.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macfarlane, A., & Martin, G. (2004). Beyond the ivory tower. A world of glass. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1407–1408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Homer, H., Gui, L., & Carroll, J. (2009). A spindle assembly checkpoint protein functions in prophase I arrest and prometaphase progression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5955), 991–994.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Subiaul, F., Cantlon, J. F., Holloway, R. L., & Terrace, H. S. (2004). Cognitive imitation in rhesus macaques. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 407–410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011). The Weather Almanac. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rizvi, N. B. (2014). Minerals and Lipids Profiles in Cardiovascular Disorders in South Asia: Cu, Mg, Se, Zn and Lipid Serum Profiles for the Example of Patients in Pakistan. (S. A. Nagra, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Maxwell, I., & Pigram, D. (2015). Gaudi’s Puffy Jacket: A Method for the Implementation of Fabric Slump Casting in the Construction of Thin-Wall Funicular Vault Structures. In P. Block, J. Knippers, N. J. Mitra, & W. Wang (Eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2014 (pp. 61–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, June 5). We Finally Know How Big A “Failed Star” Can Be. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Validate the Science Underlying Its Passenger Behavior Detection Program, but Efforts May Not Be Comprehensive (No. GAO-11-461T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, E. (2015). A Comparative Study on Pheromone Communication between Schizophyllum species (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., & de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, October 25). Torch Passes At Carlyle As a Titan Steps Aside. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Altman 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Altman 2010; Macfarlane and Martin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macfarlane and Martin 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Subiaul et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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