How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnovsky, M. (2013). A slippery slope to human germline modification. Nature, 499(7457), 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayes, R. A., & Feenstra, B. J. (2003). Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature, 425(6956), 383–385.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giribet, G., Edgecombe, G. D., & Wheeler, W. C. (2001). Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature, 413(6852), 157–161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fortenberry, N. L., Sullivan, J. F., Jordan, P. N., & Knight, D. W. (2007). Retention. Engineering education research aids instruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5842), 1175–1176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg, L. M. (2010). Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bello, F., & Edwards, P. J. E. (Eds.). (2008). Biomedical Simulation: 4th International Symposium, ISBMS 2008, London, UK, July 7-8, 2008 Proceedings (Vol. 5104). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuźniak, E. (2010). The Ascorbate–Gluathione Cycle and Related Redox Signals in Plant–Pathogen Interactions. In N. A. Anjum, M.-T. Chan, & S. Umar (Eds.), Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants (pp. 115–136). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 23). Researchers Identify Two New Genetic Variants Linked To Increased Breast Cancer Risk. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Need To Remove More Low-Cost, Low-Usage Items From Inventories (No. B-133118). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webster, W. P. (2014). The Influence of Philanthropy and Administrative Decision-making Models on a Liberal Arts College’s Strategic Planning Process: A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, M., & Markoff, J. (2016, October 25). At Heart of U.S. Strategy, Weapons That Can Think. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Darnovsky 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Darnovsky 2013; Hayes and Feenstra 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayes and Feenstra 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fortenberry et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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