How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Callaghan, T. (2011). Introduction: The prevention agenda. Nature, 471(7339), S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aeppli, G., & Soh, Y. A. (2001). Physics Quantum criticality in a clean metal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5541), 315–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
GrandPré, T., Li, S., & Strittmatter, S. M. (2002). Nogo-66 receptor antagonist peptide promotes axonal regeneration. Nature, 417(6888), 547–551.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burkepile, D. E., Allgeier, J. E., Shantz, A. A., Pritchard, C. E., Lemoine, N. P., Bhatti, L. H., & Layman, C. A. (2013). Nutrient supply from fishes facilitates macroalgae and suppresses corals in a Caribbean coral reef ecosystem. Scientific reports, 3, 1493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldberger, A. L., & Goldberger, Z. D. (2012). Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Basten, T., Hamberg, R., Reckers, F., & Verriet, J. (Eds.). (2013). Model-Based Design of Adaptive Embedded Systems (Vol. 22). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, K. W., & Myung, S.-J. (2016). Technique, Interpretation and Clinical Application of Anorectal Manometry and Balloon Expulsion Test. In U. C. Ghoshal (Ed.), Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and its Disorders (pp. 31–47). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 30). Facebook’s New Trending Algorithm Went Mad Without Human Editors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). The Management and Operation of FCC’s Public Reference Rooms (No. T-RCED-88-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C. R. (2013). An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2016, June 25). The Supreme Court’s Silent Failure. New York Times, p. SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Callaghan 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Aeppli and Soh 2001; O’Callaghan 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aeppli and Soh 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Burkepile et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles