How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatt, R. (2001). Delicate information. Nature, 412(6849), 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tseng, G. Y., & Ellenbogen, J. C. (2001). Nanotechnology. Toward nanocomputers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1293–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamano, K., Abe, Y., & Genda, H. (2013). Emergence of two types of terrestrial planet on solidification of magma ocean. Nature, 497(7451), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jo, J., Hong, S., Choi, W. Y., & Lee, D. R. (2014). Cell-penetrating peptide (CPP)-conjugated proteins is an efficient tool for manipulation of human mesenchymal stromal cells. Scientific reports, 4, 4378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cobb, A. H., & Reade, J. P. H. (2010). Herbicides and Plant Physiology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Alloin, D., Johnson, R., & Lira, P. (Eds.). (2006). Physics of Active Galactic Nuclei at all Scales (Vol. 693). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guerreiro, E. P., Costa Neto, P. L. de O., & Moreira Filho, U. M. (2014). Multidisciplinary Management: Model of Excellence in the Management Applied to Products and Services. In B. Grabot, B. Vallespir, S. Gomes, A. Bouras, & D. Kiritsis (Eds.), Advances in Production Management Systems. Innovative and Knowledge-Based Production Management in a Global-Local World: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2014, Ajaccio, France, September 20-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part III (pp. 27–34). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 11). From ‘Right To Die’ To ‘Right To Choose The Way You Die’ – The Shifting Euthanasia Debate. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (No. PEMD-91-23). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Othmanawny, G. (2017). Soaked and Unsoaked Performance of Crushed Gravel and Limestone Aggregates (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, April 27). Boone. New York Times, p. C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatt 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Blatt 2001; Tseng and Ellenbogen 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tseng and Ellenbogen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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