How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, T. (2014). Planetary science. Speed metal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1086–1087.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flannigan, D. J., & Suslick, K. S. (2005). Plasma formation and temperature measurement during single-bubble cavitation. Nature, 434(7029), 52–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dally, J. M., Emery, N. J., & Clayton, N. S. (2006). Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1662–1665.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pinto-Tomás, A. A., Anderson, M. A., Suen, G., Stevenson, D. M., Chu, F. S. T., Cleland, W. W., et al. (2009). Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5956), 1120–1123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G. (2011). Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baloian, N., Burstein, F., Ogata, H., Santoro, F., & Zurita, G. (Eds.). (2014). Collaboration and Technology: 20th International Conference, CRIWG 2014, Santiago, Chile, September 7-10, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8658). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Blackwell, A. (2016). Shakespearean Actors, Memes, Social Media and the Circulation of Shakespearean ‘Value.’ In D. Shellard & S. Keenan (Eds.), Shakespeare’s Cultural Capital: His Economic Impact from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-first Century (pp. 77–98). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 6). The Paris Agreement Will Come Into Force On November 4. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems (No. T-RCED-00-125). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen, J. (2012). Moving office document processing into the cloud (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 12). Summoning Another Storm. New York Times, p. D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott 2014; Flannigan and Suslick 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flannigan and Suslick 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pinto-Tomás et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles