How to format your references using the Journal of Population Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2005). Ontario. Nature, 434(7033), 676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Egnatchik, R. A., & DeBerardinis, R. J. (2015). Metabolism: Growth in the fat lane. Nature, 520(7546), 165–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clanet, C., Hersen, F., & Bocquet, L. (2004). Secrets of successful stone-skipping. Nature, 427(6969), 29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Erdman, N., Poeppelmeier, K. R., Asta, M., Warschkow, O., Ellis, D. E., & Marks, L. D. (2002). The structure and chemistry of the TiO(2)-rich surface of SrTiO(3) (001). Nature, 419(6902), 55–58.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, O., Campos-Gaona, D., Moreno-Goytia, E., & Adam, G. (2014). Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kitamoto, T. (Ed.). (2005). Prions: Food and Drug Safety. Tokyo: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Riviello, D., Benco, S., Crespi, F. L., Ghittino, A., Garello, R., & Perotti, A. (2014). Spectrum Sensing Algorithms for Cognitive TV White-Spaces Systems. In M.-G. Di Benedetto & F. Bader (Eds.), Cognitive Communication and Cooperative HetNet Coexistence: Selected Advances on Spectrum Sensing, Learning, and Security Approaches (pp. 71–90). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Ageing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 31). 40,000-Year-Old Raven Bone Carving Suggests Neanderthals Were Artists. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Data Processing: USDA Needs To Better Manage Field-Office Computer Purchases (No. IMTEC-87-12). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hester, E. T. (2008). Impact of geomorphic structures on hyporheic exchange, temperature, and ecological processes in streams (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, June 3). Pool or Gym? A Task Force Chooses Both. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Egnatchik and DeBerardinis 2015; Hoag 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Egnatchik and DeBerardinis 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Erdman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Ageing
ISSN (print)1874-7884
ISSN (online)1874-7876
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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