How to format your references using the Urolithiasis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urolithiasis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani R (2015) Why I teach evolution to Muslim students. Nature 520:409
A journal article with 2 authors
Orphanides G, Reinberg D (2000) RNA polymerase II elongation through chromatin. Nature 407:471–475
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas I, Vinnicombe G, Paulsson J (2010) Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature 467:174–178
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Passino MA, Adams RA, Sikorski SL, Akassoglou K (2007) Regulation of hepatic stellate cell differentiation by the neurotrophin receptor p75NTR. Science 315:1853–1856

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clayton LA (2010) Bartolomé de las Casas and the Conquest of the Americas. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Ahmad SI (2006) Molecular Mechanisms of Fanconi Anemia. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Chen C, Chen J, Lim HW, et al (2012) Combined Public-Key Schemes: The Case of ABE and ABS. In: Takagi T, Wang G, Qin Z, et al (eds) Provable Security: 6th International Conference, ProvSec 2012, Chengdu, China, September 26-28, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urolithiasis.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Snap Stunning Photograph Of Star Cluster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luong W (2009) An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ewing J, Tabuchi H, Protess B (2017) Volkswagen Said to Be Near Deal With U.S. in Diesel Case. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrolithiasis
ISSN (print)2194-7228
ISSN (online)2194-7236

Other styles