How to format your references using the Urolithiasis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urolithiasis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simons BD (2013) Development. Getting your gut into shape. Science 342:203–204
A journal article with 2 authors
Flowers RM, Farley KA (2012) Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon. Science 338:1616–1619
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton JD, Kyriacou CP, Reppert SM (2001) Keeping time with the human genome. Nature 409:829–831
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Luo G, Malkova S, Yoon J, et al (2006) Ion distributions near a liquid-liquid interface. Science 311:216–218

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huber PJ (2011) Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cohen-Boulakia S, Tannen V (2007) Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 4th International Workshop, DILS 2007, Philadelphia, PA, USA, June 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Larson L, Carpenter M (2015) Diabetes and Pregnancy. In: Rosene-Montella K (ed) Medical Management of the Pregnant Patient: A Clinician’s Handbook. Springer, New York, NY, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urolithiasis.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Young Human Blood Rejuvenates Old Mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Vetting of Airport Workers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ji Y (2017) Dynamic Genetic Control: Manipulating Cell Behaviors Using Heat. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2016) Cocktails to Take Off the Chill. New York Times LI10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrolithiasis
ISSN (print)2194-7228
ISSN (online)2194-7236

Other styles