How to format your references using the Waterbirds citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Waterbirds. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bradford, P. 2012. Energy policy: The nuclear landscape. Nature 483: 151–152.
A journal article with 2 authors
Granick, S., and S.C. Bae. 2008. Chemistry. A curious antipathy for water. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp, C. … U. Weiss. 2012. Gut microbes and health. Nature 489: 219.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Dong, W. … N. Dai. 2014. Application of three-dimensionally area-selective atomic layer deposition for selectively coating the vertical surfaces of standing nanopillars. Scientific reports 4: 4458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, J.C. 2015. Lean Auditing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hoepman, J.-H., and S. Katzenbeisser (eds.). 2016. ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection: 31st IFIP TC 11 International Conference, SEC 2016, Ghent, Belgium, May 30 - June 1, 2016, Proceedings. 471. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
De Marsico, M. … D. Riccio. 2010. Multiple Traits for People Identification. Pages 79–95 in Intelligent Multimedia Analysis for Security Applications (H.T. Sencar … S. Lian, Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Waterbirds.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Boys Should Also Get The HPV Vaccine To Protect Themselves From Oral And Genital Cancers. IFLScience., accessed, 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Aviation Finance: Observations on Potential FAA Funding Options. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kemp, L.S. 2013. Perspective processing in language comprehension: Embodied efffects depend on the pronoun. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A., and A. Harmon. 2017. For Many Medical Students, the Caribbean Was Warm and Welcoming. Until Now. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bradford 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bradford 2012; Granick and Bae 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Granick and Bae 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWaterbirds
ISSN (print)1524-4695
ISSN (online)1938-5390
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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