How to format your references using the Current Breast Cancer Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Breast Cancer Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McCaffrey R. Geophysics. The next great earthquake. Science. 2007;315:1675–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Guerrero I, Ruiz i Altaba A. Development. Longing for ligand: hedgehog, patched, and cell death. Science. 2003;301:774–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fang Y, Seong N-H, Dlott DD. Measurement of the distribution of site enhancements in surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Science. 2008;321:388–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li J, Liu Y, Zhu Z, Zhang G, Zou T, Zou Z, et al. A full-sunlight-driven photocatalyst with super long-persistent energy storage ability. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kay J, Tasman A. Essentials of Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Santos NC, Pasquini L, Correia ACM, Romaniello M, editors. Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics: Proceedings of the ESO/Lisbon/Aveiro Conference held in Aveiro, Portugal, 11–15 September 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carment D, Delany C, Ampleford S, Conway G, Ospina A. Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Developing an Indicators-Based User Friendly Risk Assessment and Early Warning Capability. In: Trappl R, editor. Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 81–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Breast Cancer Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Beautiful Bubblegum Coral On The Seabed Of The Mariana Region [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Challenges Exist in Stabilizing and Enhancing Passenger and Baggage Screening Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Feb. Report No.: GAO-04-440T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Golf F. Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Astros Run Wild Against Syndergaard and d’Arnaud. New York Times. 2017 Mar 25;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Breast Cancer Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Breast Cancer Rep.
ISSN (print)1943-4588
ISSN (online)1943-4596

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