How to format your references using the Urban Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, Michael R. (2011). The challenge of unconventional superconductivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 196–200.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stixrude, Lars, & Peacor, Donald R. (2002). First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature, 420(6912), 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalli, Jesmond, Colas, Romain A., & Serhan, Charles N. (2013). Novel n-3 immunoresolvents: structures and actions. Scientific reports, 3, 1940.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, Qin, Graham, Timothy E., Mody, Nimesh, Preitner, Frederic, Peroni, Odile D., Zabolotny, Janice M., … Kahn, Barbara B. (2005). Serum retinol binding protein 4 contributes to insulin resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Nature, 436(7049), 356–362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer, Ingvar, Barsnes, Harald, Eide, Geir Egil, & Martens, Lennart (2013). Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Seibert-Fohr, Anja (Ed.) (2012). Judicial Independence in Transition (Vol. 233). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kibbe, Melina R. (2015). Leadership Theories and Styles. In Melina R. Kibbe & Herbert Chen (Eds.), Leadership in Surgery (pp. 49–57). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Geography.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle (2016). Restricting Gay Men From Donating Blood Is Discriminatory,. IFLScience. Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Charter Schools: Issues Affecting Access to Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, Jeffery Lee (2009). The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, Marc (2016). Crash Kills 3 College Students on Medical Mission in Honduras. New York Times. January 15 (p. A23).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Stixrude & Peacor, 2002; Norman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stixrude & Peacor, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Dalli, Colas, & Serhan, 2013)
  • Four or more authors: (Yang et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Geography
ISSN (print)0272-3638
ISSN (online)1938-2847

Other styles