How to format your references using the Urban Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster, Patricia L. (2011). Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maxfield, Frederick R., & Tabas, Ira (2005). Role of cholesterol and lipid organization in disease. Nature, 438(7068), 612–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weaver, J. C., Vaughan, T. E., & Astumian, R. D. (2000). Biological sensing of small field differences by magnetically sensitive chemical reactions. Nature, 405(6787), 707–709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sagarin, Raphael D., Alcorta, Candace S., Atran, Scott, Blumstein, Daniel T., Dietl, Gregory P., Hochberg, Michael E., … Vermeij, Geerat J. (2010). Decentralize, adapt and cooperate. Nature, 465(7296), 292–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raghavan, Vasudevan (2016). Combustion Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Greene, William H., Khalaf, Lynda, Sickles, Robin, Veall, Michael, & Voia, Marcel-Cristian (Eds.) (2016). Productivity and Efficiency Analysis (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Delfino, Manuela, & Persico, Donatella (2011). Unfolding the Potential of ICT for SRL Development. In Roberto Carneiro, Paul Lefrere, Karl Steffens, & Jean Underwood (Eds.), Self-Regulated Learning in Technology Enhanced Learning Environments: A European Perspective (pp. 53–74). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Geography.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy (2015). “Supermoon” Will Be Visible Tonight,. IFLScience. Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez, Cristina (2015). Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James (2017). Cespedes Serves as Grand Marshal in the Mets’ Home Run Parade. New York Times. April 12 (p. B9).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foster, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Maxfield & Tabas, 2005; Foster, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maxfield & Tabas, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Weaver, Vaughan, & Astumian, 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Sagarin et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Geography
ISSN (print)0272-3638
ISSN (online)1938-2847

Other styles