How to format your references using the Urban Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steed, J.W. (2000). Crystals that breathe. Nature, 406(6799), 943–944.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajkova, Petra,& Surani, M. Azim (2004). Development. Programming the X chromosome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5658), 633–634.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions, Keith,Pitman, Robin,& Marsh, Clive (2002). Science of nuclear warheads. Nature, 415(6874), 853–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ji, Qiang,Luo, Zhe-Xi,Yuan, Chong-Xi,Wible, John R.,Zhang, Jian-Ping,& Georgi, Justin A. (2002). The earliest known eutherian mammal. Nature, 416(6883), 816–822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, Mea A.,Segelnick, Stuart L.,Insler, Joseph S.,& Kramer, Samuel (2015). The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fujita, Hamido,Ali, Moonis,Selamat, Ali,Sasaki, Jun,& Kurematsu, Masaki (Eds.) (2016). Trends in Applied Knowledge-Based Systems and Data Science: 29th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2016, Morioka, Japan, August 2-4, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9799). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad, A.A. (2009). Meso and Macro-Scales Fluid Flow Simulations with Lattice Boltzmann Method. In Jianzhong Xu,Yulin Wu,Yangjun Zhang,& Junyue Zhang (Eds.), Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE) (pp. 27–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Geography.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin (2017). Interactive Map Reveals The Countries Least Resistant To Superbug Infections,. IFLScience Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Significant Challenges in Protecting Federal Systems and Developing Analysis and Warning Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome, G. Asher (2009). Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda (2006). New Setting for Double-Diamond Cottage. New York Times. March 5 (p. 14LI3).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steed, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Steed, 2000; Hajkova & Surani, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajkova & Surani, 2004)
  • Three authors: (O’Nions, Pitman, & Marsh, 2002)
  • Four or more authors: (Ji, Luo, Yuan, Wible, Zhang, & Georgi, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Geography
ISSN (print)0272-3638
ISSN (online)1938-2847

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