How to format your references using the Urban Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, Sarah (2013). Mood disorders: the dark night. Nature, 497(7450), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butz, William P., & Torrey, Barbara Boyle (2006). Some frontiers in social science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1898–1900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Pollack, H. N., & Shen, P. Y. (2000). Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature, 403(6771), 756–758.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Oana, Kosuke, Oma, Yoko, Suo, Satoshi, Takahashi, Masanori P., Nishino, Ichizo, Takeda, Shin’ichi, & Ishiura, Shoichi (2013). Manumycin A corrects aberrant splicing of Clcn1 in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) mice. Scientific reports, 3, 2142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hyatt, Thomas K., & Hopkins, Bruce R. (2013). The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Samples, John R., & Ahmed, Iqbal Ike K. (Eds.) (2014). Surgical Innovations in Glaucoma. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beigi, Pooya Khan Mohammad, & Maverakis, Emanual (2015). Diagnosis. In Emanual Maverakis (Ed.), Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Clinician’s Guide (pp. 43–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Geography.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin (2016). This Thieving Butterfly Turns Vicious Red Ants Into Brainwashed Bodyguards,. IFLScience. Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Rail Transit: Additional Federal Leadership Would Enhance FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newcomb, Sandra (2009). Reliability of the CVI range: A functional vision assessment for children with cortical visual impairment. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, Rick (2016). Prosecutors Set to Begin in Retrial of Patz Suspect. New York Times. October 18 (p. A19).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Butz & Torrey, 2006; DeWeerdt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butz & Torrey, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Huang, Pollack, & Shen, 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Oana et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Geography
ISSN (print)0272-3638
ISSN (online)1938-2847

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