How to format your references using the Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller R. Shaping the vertebrate body plan by polarized embryonic cell movements. Science (2002) 298:1950–1954.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern SA, Weissman PR. Rapid collisional evolution of comets during the formation of the Oort cloud. Nature (2001) 409:589–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mooney H, Cropper A, Reid W. Confronting the human dilemma. Nature (2005) 434:561–562.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Halbertal D, Ben Shalom M, Uri A, Bagani K, Meltzer AY, Marcus I, Myasoedov Y, Birkbeck J, Levitov LS, Geim AK, et al. Imaging resonant dissipation from individual atomic defects in graphene. Science (2017) 358:1303–1306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh R. Broadband Telecommunications Technologies and Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2016).
An edited book
Ito K ed. Regulatory Nascent Polypeptides. Tokyo: Springer Japan (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Graf E, Frommholz I, Lalmas M, van Rijsbergen K. “Knowledge Modeling in Prior Art Search,” in Advances in Multidisciplinary Retrieval: First Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2010, Vienna, Austria, May 31, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, S. Rüger (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 31–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics.

Blog post
Fang J. Monkeys Watch Instructional Videos Too. IFLScience (2014) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [FAA Employees’ Use of Government Vehicles for After-Hours Transportation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox AL. Secondary Structure Analysis of the C-Terminus of Gα-Interacting Vesicle Associated Protein Using Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy. (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Judge Reinstates Suit Over Rolling Stone Rape Article. New York Times (2017)B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics
AbbreviationFront. Res. Metr. Anal.
ISSN (online)2504-0537

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