How to format your references using the Urban Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilkinson, D. M. (2000). Let’s get the right man in the right job. Nature, 406(6799), 933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M. A., & Febria, C. M. (2012). Ecology. The heartbeat of ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087), 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, T. E. J., Hunt, L. T., & Rushworth, M. F. S. (2009). The computation of social behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1160–1164.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Multani, D. S., Briggs, S. P., Chamberlin, M. A., Blakeslee, J. J., Murphy, A. S., & Johal, G. S. (2003). Loss of an MDR transporter in compact stalks of maize br2 and sorghum dw3 mutants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), 81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deuff, D., & Cosquer, M. (2013). User-Centered Agile Method. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rotondi, A. (2012). Probabilità, Statistica e Simulazione: Programmi applicativi scritti con Scilab. (P. Pedroni & A. Pievatolo, Eds.) (3a edizione.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tansel, B. Ç. (2011). Discrete Center Problems. In H. A. Eiselt & V. Marianov (Eds.), Foundations of Location Analysis (pp. 79–106). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forum.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 18). Men More Reluctant To Go To The Doctor – And It’s Putting Them At Risk. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest Against Award of Data Processing and Mailing Contract (No. B-179127). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade, L. L. (2010). Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, August 26). Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilkinson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer and Febria 2012; Wilkinson 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Febria 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Multani et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forum
ISSN (print)1015-3802
ISSN (online)1874-6330
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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