How to format your references using the Urban Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, J. D. (2000). An electromagnetic personality. Nature, 407(6803), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farmer, J. D., & Foley, D. (2009). The economy needs agent-based modelling. Nature, 460(7256), 685–686.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drell, S. D., Shultz, G. P., & Andreasen, S. P. (2012). Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1236.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ling, X., Zhou, X., Shu, W., Luo, H., & Wen, S. (2014). Realization of tunable photonic spin Hall effect by tailoring the Pancharatnam-berry phase. Scientific reports, 4, 5557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rubin, A. B. (2014). Fundamentals of Biophysics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cerqueira, R., & Campbell, R. H. (Eds.). (2007). Middleware 2007: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 8th International Middleware Conference, Newport Beach, CA, USA, November 26-30, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4834). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Griol, D., & Molina, J. M. (2011). Context-Aware Conversational Agents Using POMDPs and Agenda-Based Simulation. In J. M. Molina, J. R. C. Corredera, M. F. C. Pérez, J. Ortega-García, & A. M. B. Barbolla (Eds.), User-Centric Technologies and Applications: Proceedings of the CONTEXTS 2011 Workshop (pp. 29–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forum.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 10). Which Country Drinks The Most Alcohol? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Coordination Efforts are Underway, but Challenges Continue (No. GAO-14-154T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrin, J. L. (2014). Sitting in the Fire: An Exploration of Soul-Making in Prison (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2003, March 23). Moscow Music Festival Marks Russian Easter. New York Times, p. 53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingston 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Farmer and Foley 2009; Livingston 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farmer and Foley 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ling et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forum
ISSN (print)1015-3802
ISSN (online)1874-6330
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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