How to format your references using the Acta Ecologica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Ecologica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.R. Stratton, Exploring the genomes of cancer cells: progress and promise, Science. 331 (2011) 1553–1558.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Klenerman, A. McMichael, AIDS/HIV. Finding footprints among the trees, Science. 315 (2007) 1505–1507.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.S. Morse, R.L. Garwin, P.J. Olsiewski, Public health. Next flu pandemic: what to do until the vaccine arrives?, Science. 314 (2006) 929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.J. Sigrist, P.R. Thiel, D.F. Reiff, P.E. Lachance, P. Lasko, C.M. Schuster, Postsynaptic translation affects the efficacy and morphology of neuromuscular junctions, Nature. 405 (2000) 1062–1065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Leach, M. Drummond, A. Doig, Practical Flow Cytometry in Haematology Diagnosis, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
K. Berkling, M. Joseph, B. Meyer, M. Nordio, eds., Software Engineering Approaches for Offshore and Outsourced Development: Second International Conference, SEAFOOD 2008, Zurich, Switzerland, July 2-3, 2008. Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-K. Kämäräinen, A. Hadid, M. Pietikäinen, Local Representation of Facial Features, in: S.Z. Li, A.K. Jain (Eds.), Handbook of Face Recognition, Springer, London, 2011: pp. 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Ecologica Sinica.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Creepiest Looking Animals In The World, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, USDA Electronic Filing: Progress Made, But Central Leadership and Comprehensive Implementation Plan Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.G. Bontrager, Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, His Spices Are a Secret, New York Times. (2008) NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Ecologica Sinica
AbbreviationSheng Tai Xue Bao
ISSN (print)1872-2032

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