How to format your references using the Educational Studies in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Studies in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKnight, S. L. (2010). On getting there from here. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6009), 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen, J. H., & Christensen, O. B. (2003). Climate modelling: Severe summertime flooding in Europe. Nature, 421(6925), 805–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callou, C., Samzun, A., & Zivie, A. (2004). Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature, 427(6971), 211–212.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hung, C.-M., Chang, C.-C., Lin, C.-W., Chen, C.-C., & Hsu, Y.-C. (2014). GADD45γ induces G2/M arrest in human pharynx and nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells by cucurbitacin E. Scientific reports, 4, 6454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S. T., & Séguin, B. (2012). Veterinary Surgical Oncology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Hutter, K. (2011). Physics of Lakes: Volume 2: Lakes as Oscillators. (Y. Wang & I. P. Chubarenko, Eds.) (Vol. 2). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Orsini, F., Erba, P. A., Cantini, R., Lazzeri, E., Sollini, M., Cataldi, A. G., & Mariani, G. (2010). Radiofarmaci diagnostici convenzionali. In D. Volterrani, G. Mariani, & P. A. Erba (Eds.), Fondamenti di medicina nucleare: Tecniche e applicazioni (pp. 41–92). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Studies in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 20). The Mystery Of Breast Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Indian Affairs: Actions Needed to Better Manage Indian School Construction Projects (No. GAO-17-447). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tyler, E. P. (2013). Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, January 11). Looking to Tune In to Catch Women’s Tennis? For Now, Better Get Creative. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKnight 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen and Christensen 2003; McKnight 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Christensen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hung et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Studies in Mathematics
AbbreviationEduc. Stud. Math.
ISSN (print)0013-1954
ISSN (online)1573-0816
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles