How to format your references using the Educational Studies in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Studies in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fridley, J. D. (2012). Extended leaf phenology and the autumn niche in deciduous forest invasions. Nature, 485(7398), 359–362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R., & Asami, T. (2003). Evolution: single-gene speciation by left-right reversal. Nature, 425(6959), 679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Samokhvalov, I. M., Samokhvalova, N. I., & Nishikawa, S.-I. (2007). Cell tracing shows the contribution of the yolk sac to adult haematopoiesis. Nature, 446(7139), 1056–1061.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ristenpart, W. D., Bird, J. C., Belmonte, A., Dollar, F., & Stone, H. A. (2009). Non-coalescence of oppositely charged drops. Nature, 461(7262), 377–380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrow, E., Boaz, A., Brearley, S., & Ross, F. (2011). Handbook of Service User Involvement in Nursing and Healthcare Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Spandau, U. (2015). Small-Gauge Vitrectomy for Diabetic Retinopathy. (Z. Tomic, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Oelfke, U., Nill, S., & Wilkens, J. J. (2006). Physical Optimization. In T. Bortfeld, R. Schmidt-Ullrich, W. D. Neve, & D. E. Wazer (Eds.), Image-Guided IMRT (pp. 31–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Studies in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 4). Researchers Identify New Possible Supernova Trigger. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Space Station: Russian Compliance With Safety Requirements (No. T-NSIAD-00-128). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs, A. D. (2010). The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, September 1). Hard Feelings. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fridley 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fridley 2012; Ueshima and Asami 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ueshima and Asami 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ristenpart et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Studies in Mathematics
AbbreviationEduc. Stud. Math.
ISSN (print)0013-1954
ISSN (online)1573-0816
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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