How to format your references using the Educational Studies in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Studies in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barron, M. (2008). Science & music: raising the roof. Nature, 453(7197), 859–860.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibn-Elhaj, M., & Schadt, M. (2001). Optical polymer thin films with isotropic and anisotropic nano-corrugated surface topologies. Nature, 410(6830), 796–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S. H., Duffy, T. S., & Shen, G. (2001). The post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4 and its relation to the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature, 411(6837), 571–574.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ostermeier, G. C., Miller, D., Huntriss, J. D., Diamond, M. P., & Krawetz, S. A. (2004). Reproductive biology: delivering spermatozoan RNA to the oocyte. Nature, 429(6988), 154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J. P. M., & Maunder, E. A. W. (2017). Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Spector, J. M., Merrill, M. D., Elen, J., & Bishop, M. J. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology (4th ed. 2014.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesneaux, J.-M., Jézéquel, F., & Lamotte, J.-L. (2009). Stochastic arithmetic and verification of mathematical models. In P. C. Baveye, M. Laba, & J. Mysiak (Eds.), Uncertainties in Environmental Modelling and Consequences for Policy Making (pp. 101–125). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Studies in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 15). Record-Breaking Astronauts Return To Earth – Taking Us One Step Closer To Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Use of Consultants by NASA (No. B-168033). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morgan, A. J. (2017). Analyzing Red and Gray Stages of Bark Beetle Attack in the San Bernardino National Forest Using Remote Sensing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, H. (2017, August 30). Pentagon, Seeking Transparency, Says 11,000 U.S. Troops Are in Afghanistan. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barron 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Barron 2008; Ibn-Elhaj and Schadt 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibn-Elhaj and Schadt 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ostermeier et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Studies in Mathematics
AbbreviationEduc. Stud. Math.
ISSN (print)0013-1954
ISSN (online)1573-0816
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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