How to format your references using the Educational Studies in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Studies in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards, P. P. (2011). Chemistry. Electrons in cement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6038), 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, P., & Hanahan, D. (2009). Cancer. Breaching the cancer fortress. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5933), 1400–1401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karner, M. B., DeLong, E. F., & Karl, D. M. (2001). Archaeal dominance in the mesopelagic zone of the Pacific Ocean. Nature, 409(6819), 507–510.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Haxby, J. V., Gobbini, M. I., Furey, M. L., Ishai, A., Schouten, J. L., & Pietrini, P. (2001). Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2425–2430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, E. (2012). Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Doral, M. N., & Karlsson, J. (Eds.). (2015). Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation (2nd ed. 2015.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fröhlich, J., & Wachsmuth, I. (2014). Combining Multi-Sensory Stimuli in Virtual Worlds – A Progress Report. In R. Shumaker & S. Lackey (Eds.), Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Virtual and Augmented Environments: 6th International Conference, VAMR 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 44–54). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Studies in Mathematics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 2). A Potential Quantum Exception To The Second Law Of Thermodynamics. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Education Has Taken Steps to Improve Monitoring and Assistance, but Further Progress Is Needed (No. GAO-07-926T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sachdev, N. A. (2012). An Evaluation of the District of Columbia Summer Youth Employment Program (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Calvert, M. F. (2013, April 21). A Hush Falls Where Rockets Once Roared. New York Times, p. BU8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Edwards 2011; Olson and Hanahan 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Hanahan 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Haxby et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Studies in Mathematics
AbbreviationEduc. Stud. Math.
ISSN (print)0013-1954
ISSN (online)1573-0816
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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