How to format your references using the Universal Access in the Information Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Universal Access in the Information Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rees, W.E.: Ecological footprints: A blot on the land. Nature. 421, 898 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sontheimer, E.J., Carthew, R.W.: Molecular biology. Argonaute journeys into the heart of RISC. Science. 305, 1409–1410 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik, L., Aral, S., Taylor, S.J.: Social influence bias: a randomized experiment. Science. 341, 647–651 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J.V., Kang, S.S., Dustin, M.L., McGavern, D.B.: Myelomonocytic cell recruitment causes fatal CNS vascular injury during acute viral meningitis. Nature. 457, 191–195 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser, K.H.: Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany (2007)
An edited book
Arnold, V.I.: Vladimir I. Arnold - Collected Works: Hydrodynamics, Bifurcation Theory, and Algebraic Geometry 1965-1972. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Vitousek, P., Beamer, K.: Traditional Ecological Values, Knowledge, and Practices in Twenty-First Century Hawai‘i. In: Rozzi, R., Pickett, S.T.A., Palmer, C., Armesto, J.J., and Callicott, J.B. (eds.) Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World: Values, Philosophy, and Action. pp. 63–70. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Universal Access in the Information Society.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Hunter-Gatherer Societies Have Three-Tiered Social Networks


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Fundamental Changes Needed To Achieve Effective Enforcement of Radio Communication Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1972)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berezin, S.: Catechols as membrane anion transporters, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: A Federal Program Helps Flip Houses on Long Island, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUniversal Access in the Information Society
ISSN (print)1615-5289
ISSN (online)1615-5297
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems

Other styles