How to format your references using the Universal Access in the Information Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Universal Access in the Information Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dohlman, H.G.: Diminishing returns. Nature. 418, 591 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Piskorowski, R., Aldrich, R.W.: Calcium activation of BK(Ca) potassium channels lacking the calcium bowl and RCK domains. Nature. 420, 499–502 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bezryadin, A., Lau, C.N., Tinkham, M.: Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature. 404, 971–974 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freitas-Junior, L.H., Bottius, E., Pirrit, L.A., Deitsch, K.W., Scheidig, C., Guinet, F., Nehrbass, U., Wellems, T.E., Scherf, A.: Frequent ectopic recombination of virulence factor genes in telomeric chromosome clusters of P. falciparum. Nature. 407, 1018–1022 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan, J., VanderBrug, J.: Gender Lens Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Todorovski, L., Lavrač, N., Jantke, K.P. eds: Discovery Science: 9th International Conference, DS 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Apker, T., Martinson, E.: A Physics Inspired Finite State Machine Controller for Mobile Acoustic Arrays. In: Ani Hsieh, M. and Chirikjian, G. (eds.) Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 11th International Symposium. pp. 47–58. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Universal Access in the Information Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: One Ton Of Illegal Ivory Set To Be Publicly Destroyed In Times Square Today


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Earth Observing System: Broader Involvement of the EOSDIS User Community Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishnan, R.: Generalized Conditional Matching Algorithm for Ordered and Unordered Sets, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Tsang, A.: Intel Fine In Europe Gets Review, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUniversal Access in the Information Society
ISSN (print)1615-5289
ISSN (online)1615-5297
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems

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