How to format your references using the Universal Access in the Information Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Universal Access in the Information Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coyne, J.A.: Evolution. Ernst Mayr (1904-2005). Science. 307, 1212–1213 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Maheswaran, S., Haber, D.A.: Cell fate: Transition loses its invasive edge. Nature. 527, 452–453 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Miake, J., Marbán, E., Nuss, H.B.: Biological pacemaker created by gene transfer. Nature. 419, 132–133 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dean, S., Marchetti, R., Kirk, K., Matthews, K.R.: A surface transporter family conveys the trypanosome differentiation signal. Nature. 459, 213–217 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer, I., Barsnes, H., Eide, G.E., Martens, L.: Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2013)
An edited book
Müller, T.J.J. ed: Metal Catalyzed Cascade Reactions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Quiceno, H.R., Loaiza, G.I., Arango, J.C.: A Riemannian Geometry in the $q q -Exponential Banach Manifold Induced by q$ q -Divergences. In: Nielsen, F. (ed.) Geometric Theory of Information. pp. 97–117. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Universal Access in the Information Society.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: 9 Weird Psychological Reasons Someone Might Fall In Love With You


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Social Security: Leadership Structure for an Independent Social Security Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyd, J.L.: Interactive simulations: Improving learning retention in knowledge-based online training courses, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Pogrebin, R.: Foam, Armor and Nights at the Museum: Protecting Florida’s Art From Irma, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUniversal Access in the Information Society
ISSN (print)1615-5289
ISSN (online)1615-5297
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems

Other styles