How to format your references using the Universal Access in the Information Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Universal Access in the Information Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer-Lindenberg, A.: From maps to mechanisms through neuroimaging of schizophrenia. Nature. 468, 194–202 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D.M., Archer, D.: Glacial--interglacial stability of ocean pH inferred from foraminifer dissolution rates. Nature. 416, 70–73 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, C.L., Lentzen, M., Urban, K.: Atomic-resolution imaging of oxygen in perovskite ceramics. Science. 299, 870–873 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Karpova, N.N., Pickenhagen, A., Lindholm, J., Tiraboschi, E., Kulesskaya, N., Agústsdóttir, A., Antila, H., Popova, D., Akamine, Y., Bahi, A., Sullivan, R., Hen, R., Drew, L.J., Castrén, E.: Fear erasure in mice requires synergy between antidepressant drugs and extinction training. Science. 334, 1731–1734 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salam, A.: Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Ranjan, S., Dasgupta, N., Lichtfouse, E. eds: Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
de Borst, R., Rethore, J., Abellan, M.-A.: A Precis Of Two-Scale Approaches For Fracture In Porous Media. In: Borst, R. de and Sadowski, T. (eds.) Lecture Notes on Composite Materials: Current Topics and Achievements. pp. 149–171. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Universal Access in the Information Society.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Hundreds Of Earthworks Found In Amazon Rainforest Reveal Ancient Human Activity,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes, J.M.: A support group for adults with rheumatoid arthritis, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: New Puerto Rico Debt Relief Law Stirs Colonial Resentments, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUniversal Access in the Information Society
ISSN (print)1615-5289
ISSN (online)1615-5297
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems

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