How to format your references using the Neurosignals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurosignals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters JW. Enzymology. A trio of transition metals in anaerobic CO2 fixation. Science. 2002 Oct;298(5593):552–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson AJ, Poloczanska ES. Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat. Science. 2008 Jun;320(5881):1294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuba H, Oichi Y, Ohmori H. Presynaptic activity regulates Na(+) channel distribution at the axon initial segment. Nature. 2010 Jun;465(7301):1075–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jia Y, Cheng C, Vázquez de Aldana JR, Castillo GR, Rabes B del R, Tan Y, et al. Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug;4:5988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peca SP. Real Estate Development and Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Diodato N, Bellocchi G, editors. Storminess and Environmental Change: Climate Forcing and Responses in the Mediterranean Region. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Laprie J-C, Kanoun K, Kaâniche M. Modelling Interdependencies Between the Electricity and Information Infrastructures. In: Saglietti F, Oster N, editors. Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 26th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2007, Nuremberg, Germany, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007; pp 54–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurosignals.

Blog post
Andrew D. 16 Events From 2016 That Should Give You Hope For The Future [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Jan


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. New Denver Airport Followup. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAlpine TE. College students and career: An exploration of vocational anticipatory socialization. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Story L. U.S. Inquiry Said to Focus On a Fund In California. New York Times. 2011 Jan;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurosignals
ISSN (print)1424-862X
ISSN (online)1424-8638
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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