How to format your references using the Neurosignals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurosignals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
McLaren JR. Ecology: Diversity in the afterlife. Nature. 2014 May;509(7499):173–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Allan RP, Soden BJ. Atmospheric warming and the amplification of precipitation extremes. Science. 2008 Sep;321(5895):1481–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Good SP, Noone D, Bowen G. WATER RESOURCES. Hydrologic connectivity constrains partitioning of global terrestrial water fluxes. Science. 2015 Jul;349(6244):175–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Williams BAP, Hirt RP, Lucocq JM, Embley TM. A mitochondrial remnant in the microsporidian Trachipleistophora hominis. Nature. 2002 Aug;418(6900):865–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stone CA, Zissu A. The Securitization Markets Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Fiengo G. Common Rail System for GDI Engines: Modelling, Identification, and Control. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Coutrix C, Nigay L. OP: A Novel Programming Model for Integrated Design and Prototyping of Mixed Objects. In: Campos P, Graham N, Jorge J, Nunes N, Palanque P, Winckler M, editors. Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2011: 13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5-9, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011; pp 54–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurosignals.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Cocoa’s Flavanols Reverse Age-Related Memory Decline [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cocoas-flavanols-reverse-age-related-memory-decline/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Barajas D. The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016 Nov;MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurosignals
AbbreviationNeurosignals
ISSN (print)1424-862X
ISSN (online)1424-8638
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

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