How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dzenis, Y. (2004). Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1917–1919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woyke, T., & Rubin, E. M. (2014). Evolution. Searching for new branches on the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uraguchi, D., Ueki, Y., & Ooi, T. (2009). Chiral organic ion pair catalysts assembled through a hydrogen-bonding network. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5949), 120–123.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miller, P. J., Biassoni, N., Samuels, A., & Tyack, P. L. (2000). Whale songs lengthen in response to sonar. Nature, 405(6789), 903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., & Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Cudré-Mauroux, P., Heflin, J., Sirin, E., Tudorache, T., Euzenat, J., Hauswirth, M., et al. (Eds.). (2012). The Semantic Web – ISWC 2012: 11th International Semantic Web Conference, Boston, MA, USA, November 11-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 7650). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerhard, O., Wegg, C., & Portail, M. (2016). Photometric Surveys of the Galactic Bulge and Long Bar. In N. R. Napolitano, G. Longo, M. Marconi, M. Paolillo, & E. Iodice (Eds.), The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli (pp. 41–47). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 30). Functional 3D Brain Tissue Successfully Grown From Stem Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Government Vehicles: Officials Now Rarely Receive Unauthorized Home-to-work Transportation (No. GGD-91-27). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanton, B. (2009). On location: Race and family in the poetry of Sonia Sanchez, June Jordan, and Cathy Song (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, December 24). World Briefing | Europe: Lithuania: Presidential Runoff. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dzenis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dzenis 2004; Woyke and Rubin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woyke and Rubin 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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