How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Centola, D. (2011). An experimental study of homophily in the adoption of health behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1269–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poucet, B., & Sargolini, F. (2013). Neuroscience. A trace of your place. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6128), 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken, R. J., Koopman, P., & Lewis, S. E. M. (2004). Seeds of concern. Nature, 432(7013), 48–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krause, J., Dear, P. H., Pollack, J. L., Slatkin, M., Spriggs, H., Barnes, I., et al. (2006). Multiplex amplification of the mammoth mitochondrial genome and the evolution of Elephantidae. Nature, 439(7077), 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arden, J. B., & Linford, L. (2008). Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mikhailov, R. (2009). Lower Central and Dimension Series of Groups. (I. B. S. Passi, Ed.) (Vol. 1952). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghergu, M. (2013). Singular Semilinear Elliptic Equations with Subquadratic Gradient Terms. In M. Reissig & M. Ruzhansky (Eds.), Progress in Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Profiles, Regularity and Well-Posedness (pp. 75–91). Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 5). Do Whales Commit Suicide? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Report of Withholding of Budget Authority Provided for Grants for the Education of Immigrant Children (No. OGC-84-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp, K. (2016). The Epistolary Form: A Familiar Fiction (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lardner, G., Jr. (2010, November 24). No Country for Second Chances. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Centola 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Centola 2011; Poucet and Sargolini 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poucet and Sargolini 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Krause et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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