How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, D. T. (2003). Structural biology. Learning to speak the language of proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1347–1348.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meier, M. F., & Dyurgerov, M. B. (2002). Sea level changes. How Alaska affects the world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 350–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yudkovsky, N., Ranish, J. A., & Hahn, S. (2000). A transcription reinitiation intermediate that is stabilized by activator. Nature, 408(6809), 225–229.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boutros, M., Kiger, A. A., Armknecht, S., Kerr, K., Hild, M., Koch, B., et al. (2004). Genome-wide RNAi analysis of growth and viability in Drosophila cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 832–835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monino, J.-L., & Sedkaoui, S. (2016). Big Data, Open Data and Data Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, Y. (Ed.). (2012). Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1 (Vol. 114). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Estay, J. I. M. (2013). The Impact of the Jurisprudence Inter-American Court of Human Rights on the Chilean Constitutional System. In R. Arnold (Ed.), The Universalism of Human Rights (pp. 63–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 10). Facebook’s New Data Center in Fort Worth will Give Energy Back to the People of Texas. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Automated Information Systems: Schedule Delays and Cost Overruns Plague DOD Systems (No. IMTEC-89-36). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roubin, A. M. (2014). A resource manual of bullying intervention programs for parents, educators, and community officials in the Los Angeles area (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nechepurenko, I. (2017, April 20). Kremlin Group Viewed As a Propaganda Mill. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jones 2003; Meier and Dyurgerov 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meier and Dyurgerov 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Boutros et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles