How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, M. (2003). Structural biology. Nuclear trafficking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1513–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, M. S., & Hellberg, M. E. (2003). Genetic evidence for local retention of pelagic larvae in a Caribbean reef fish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 107–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duplessy, J. C., Roche, D. M., & Kageyama, M. (2007). The deep ocean during the last interglacial period. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 89–91.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Prangé, R., Pallier, L., Hansen, K. C., Howard, R., Vourlidas, A., Courtin, R., & Parkinson, C. (2004). An interplanetary shock traced by planetary auroral storms from the Sun to Saturn. Nature, 432(7013), 78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, R. X., & Conkey, A. P. (2016). Troubleshooting Rotating Machinery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Combemale, B., Cheng, B. H. C., France, R. B., Jézéquel, J.-M., & Rumpe, B. (Eds.). (2015). Globalizing Domain-Specific Languages: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, October 5-10, 2014, Revised Papers (Vol. 9400). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Guillard, V., Bourlieu, C., & Gontard, N. (2013). Integration of the Various Scales: The Example of Hydrophobic Dense Edible Coatings. In C. Bourlieu & N. Gontard (Eds.), Food Structure and Moisture Transfer: A Modeling Approach (pp. 45–47). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 26). Poachers Are Using Scientific Papers To Locate Endangered Species’ Whereabouts. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector (No. GAO-11-552R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, H. D. (2017). Determination of Default Probability in Auto Finance through Predictive Analytics (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007, July 15). Falafel, Panini Style. New York Times, p. NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Stewart 2003; Taylor and Hellberg 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Hellberg 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Prangé et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles