How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel, R. P. (2000). PLANETARY SCIENCE: Asteroids Come of Age. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2065–2066.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirey, P. D., & Lamberti, G. A. (2011). Regulate trade in rare plants. Nature, 469(7331), 465–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, W., Shimada, S., & Tanaka, M. (2002). Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 308–310.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, L., Xing, X., Zheng, L., Chen, Z., Xiao, L., Qu, B., & Gong, Q. (2014). Vertical phase separation in bulk heterojunction solar cells formed by in situ polymerization of fulleride. Scientific reports, 4, 5071.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher, M. J. (2010). Retirement Portfolios. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., & Inverardi, P. (Eds.). (2008). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 11th International Conference, FASE 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29-April 6, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 4961). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi, N., & Miyazaki, T. (2006). INTERACTION BETWEEN A COLUMNAR VORTEX AND EXTERNAL TURBULENCE. In S. Kida (Ed.), IUTAM Symposium on Elementary Vortices and Coherent Structures: Significance in Turbulence Dynamics: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at Kyoto International Community House, Kyoto, Japan, 26-28 October 2004 (pp. 31–38). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, October 14). This Video From Space Shows Two People Walking Round A Corner In North Korea. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Space Station: Russian-Built and Service Module Compliance With Safety Requirements (No. NSIAD-00-96R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, S. (2010). The effects of leadership-efficacy and personality on reactions to stress (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, May 25). Forecast for Hurricanes Is Stormier Than Normal. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binzel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Binzel 2000; Shirey and Lamberti 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shirey and Lamberti 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles