How to format your references using the Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management (Glob J Flex Syst Manag). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Into the wilderness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelsohn, M. E., & Karas, R. H. (2005). Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1583–1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasnaoui, A., Van Swygenhoven, H., & Derlet, P. M. (2003). Dimples on nanocrystalline fracture surfaces as evidence for shear plane formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1550–1552.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stanciu, S. G., Xu, S., Peng, Q., Yan, J., Stanciu, G. A., Welsch, R. E., et al. (2014). Experimenting liver fibrosis diagnostic by two photon excitation microscopy and Bag-of-Features image classification. Scientific reports, 4, 4636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, J. D. (2016). Soil Water Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lorrain, P. (2006). Magneto-Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Case Studies of Natural Phenomena. (F. Lorrain & S. Houle, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ekbia, H. R. (2006). Taking Decisions into the Wild: An AI Perspective in the Design of i-DMSS. In G. A. Forgionne & M. Mora T. (Eds.), Intelligent Decision-making Support Systems: Foundations, Applications and Challenges (pp. 79–96). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 9). Climate Change Threatens Range of Bald Eagles and Half of American Bird Species. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles (No. LCD-75-421). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charles, J.-G. (2017). African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2011, April 30). Michigan: Koran-Burning Pastor Draws a Boisterous Crowd. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eagleman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2015; Wiechert 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mendelsohn and Karas 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Journal of Flexible Systems Management
AbbreviationGlob. J. Flex. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)0972-2696
ISSN (online)0974-0198
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles