How to format your references using the Frontiers in B Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in B Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2012). Biorepositories: Building better biobanks. Nature 486, 141–146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawakatsu, H., and Watada, S. (2007). Seismic evidence for deep-water transportation in the mantle. Science 316, 1468–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
El-Ali, J., Sorger, P. K., and Jensen, K. F. (2006). Cells on chips. Nature 442, 403–411.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Asara, J. M., Schweitzer, M. H., Freimark, L. M., Phillips, M., and Cantley, L. C. (2007). Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry. Science 316, 280–285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire, M. (2014). Mechanics and Uncertainty. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zajda, J., and Daun, H. eds. (2009). Global Values Education: Teaching Democracy and Peace. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Arzoumanidis, I., Petti, L., Raggi, A., and Zamagni, A. (2013). “Life Cycle Assessment for the Agri-Food Sector,” in Product-Oriented Environmental Management Systems (POEMS): Improving Sustainability and Competitiveness in the Agri-Food Chain with Innovative Environmental Management Tools, eds. R. Salomone, M. T. Clasadonte, M. Proto, and A. Raggi (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 105–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in B Cell Biology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). New Research Reveals How Cocaine Affects Your DNA. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz Martinez, B. (2009). Diabetes among older Latino adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016). So Smart (but Truly Vile). New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kawakatsu and Watada, 2007; Baker, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawakatsu and Watada, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Asara et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in B Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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