How to format your references using the Frontiers in B Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in B Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hederstedt, L. (2003). Structural biology. Complex II is complex too. Science 299, 671–672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, K. K., and Vorburger, S. A. (2002). Tech.Sight. Gene therapy. Hurdles and hopes for cancer treatment. Science 297, 415–416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halevy, I., Johnston, D. T., and Schrag, D. P. (2010). Explaining the structure of the Archean mass-independent sulfur isotope record. Science 329, 204–207.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cope, G. A., Suh, G. S. B., Aravind, L., Schwarz, S. E., Zipursky, S. L., Koonin, E. V., et al. (2002). Role of predicted metalloprotease motif of Jab1/Csn5 in cleavage of Nedd8 from Cul1. Science 298, 608–611.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, D. A. (2004). Galois Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flint, D. J. (2016). Contemporary Wine Marketing and Supply Chain Management: A Global Perspective. , eds. P. Signori and S. L. Golicic New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucchetti, R. (2011). “Godfrey H. Hardy,” in Mathematical Lives: Protagonists of the Twentieth Century From Hilbert to Wiles, eds. C. Bartocci, R. Betti, A. Guerraggio, and R. Lucchetti (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in B Cell Biology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Ancient Termites Cultivated Fungus Gardens, Millions of Years Before Humans Appeared And Invented Agriculture. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Telecommunications: 1991 Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, J. (2009). Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park, L. S. (2013). Endangered Daughters. New York Times, BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hederstedt, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt and Vorburger, 2002; Hederstedt, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Vorburger, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cope et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in B Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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