How to format your references using the Frontiers in B Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in B Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Livermore plans radical rescue for “mismanaged” laser facility. Nature 403, 469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bengtson, S., and Budd, G. (2004). Comment on “Small bilaterian fossils from 40 to 55 million years before the Cambrian.” Science 306, 1291; author reply 1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solov’yov, I. A., Domratcheva, T., and Schulten, K. (2014). Separation of photo-induced radical pair in cryptochrome to a functionally critical distance. Sci. Rep. 4, 3845.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu, Y.-K. R., Hollowell, A. E., Zhang, C., and Guo, L. J. (2013). Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit. Sci. Rep. 3, 1194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mory, M. (2013). Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blatz, M., Kraus, K.-J., and Haghani, S. eds. (2006). Corporate Restructuring: Finance in Times of Crisis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossini, A., de Lara, J., Guerra, E., Rutle, A., and Lamo, Y. (2012). “A Graph Transformation-Based Semantics for Deep Metamodelling,” in Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: 4th International Symposium, AGTIVE 2011, Budapest, Hungary, October 4-7, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Schürr, D. Varró, and G. Varró (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 19–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in B Cell Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017). Watch: Fireball Brighter Than The Moon Tears Through Sky Over The UK. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altiparmak, F. (2008). Online Management and Mining of Heteregenous and Dynamic Time Series.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2005). Keeping Your Computer and Its Contents Safe. New York Times, 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2000; Bengtson and Budd, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bengtson and Budd, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in B Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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