How to format your references using the Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V.S. Batista, Chemistry. Energy flow under control, Science. 326 (2009) 245–246.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Chakravarti, P. Little, Nature, nurture and human disease, Nature. 421 (2003) 412–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Migliari, R. Fender, M. Méndez, Iron emission lines from extended x-ray jets in SS 433: reheating of atomic nuclei, Science. 297 (2002) 1673–1676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, X. Guo, J. Guo, Q. He, H. Li, Y. Song, H. Zhang, Lactobacillus casei reduces susceptibility to type 2 diabetes via microbiota-mediated body chloride ion influx, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.B. Malpass, E.I. Band, Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
R.R. Jensen, J.D. Gatrell, D. McLean, eds., Geo-Spatial Technologies in Urban Environments: Policy, Practice, and Pixels, Second Edition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Tzartzanis, Exploiting Inductance, in: T. Xanthopoulos (Ed.), Clocking in Modern VLSI Systems, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 105–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, NASA: Streaks Of Salt On Mars Mean Flowing Water, And Raise New Hopes Of Finding Life, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Chapter 1 Accountability: Greater Focus on Program Goals Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Herron, The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Reaffirm Abortion Access For Emergencies, New York Times. (2006) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasonics - Sonochemistry
AbbreviationUltrason. Sonochem.
ISSN (print)1350-4177
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles