How to format your references using the Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Marbán, Cardiac channelopathies, Nature. 415 (2002) 213–218.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Pak, A. Fire, Distinct populations of primary and secondary effectors during RNAi in C. elegans, Science. 315 (2007) 241–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Tripodi, A.E. Stepien, S. Arber, Motor antagonism exposed by spatial segregation and timing of neurogenesis, Nature. 479 (2011) 61–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Nishiyama, K. Hong, K. Mikoshiba, M.M. Poo, K. Kato, Calcium stores regulate the polarity and input specificity of synaptic modification, Nature. 408 (2000) 584–588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.D. Silk, J.W. Lintott, Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Z. Shi, Z. Wu, D. Leake, U. Sattler, eds., Intelligent Information Processing VII: 8th IFIP TC 12 International Conference, IIP 2014, Hangzhou, China, October 17-20, 2014, Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Buttazzo, S. Solimini, A. Pratelli, E. Stepanov, Relaxed problem and existence of solutions, in: A. Pratelli, E. Stepanov, S. Solimini (Eds.), Optimal Urban Networks via Mass Transportation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 1–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry.

Blog post
T. Hale, Interactive Maps Show The Devastating Effects Of Dropping Nuclear Bombs, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Implementation of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Stevens, Using emotional intelligence as a leadership strategy to make good leaders great, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, At Home, In Any House, New York Times. (2010) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasonics - Sonochemistry
AbbreviationUltrason. Sonochem.
ISSN (print)1350-4177
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles