How to format your references using the Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Balter, Cancer research. Transatlantic war over BRCA1 patent, Science. 292 (2001) 1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Richardson, E.S. Poloczanska, Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat, Science. 320 (2008) 1294–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.A. Norell, P.J. Makovicky, P.J. Currie, Palaeontology. The beaks of ostrich dinosaurs, Nature. 412 (2001) 873–874.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.D. Dahl, M.J. Rasch, M. Tomonaga, I. Adachi, The face inversion effect in non-human primates revisited - an investigation in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Pollak, Fine Chemicals, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
J.S. Mackenzie, M. Jeggo, P. Daszak, J.A. Richt, eds., One Health: The Human-Animal-Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases: The Concept and Examples of a One Health Approach, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
F.M. Clemente, F.M.L. Martins, R.S. Mendes, Micro Levels of Analysis: Player’s Centralities in the Team, in: F.M.L. Martins, R.S. Mendes (Eds.), Social Network Analysis Applied to Team Sports Analysis, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry.

Blog post
B. Taub, Holy Hand Grenade Dating Back To The Crusades Discovered In Israel, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.T. Aloe-Chase, Family member perspectives on collaboration: An exploratory study, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J. de la MERCED, Huntsman Is Said to Be Close to Merger With Clariant, New York Times. (2017) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasonics - Sonochemistry
AbbreviationUltrason. Sonochem.
ISSN (print)1350-4177
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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