How to format your references using the Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.E. Robinson, Development. Sociogenomics takes flight, Science. 297 (2002) 204–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Palmer, P.N. Pearson, A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, Science. 300 (2003) 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Q. Wheeler, L. Assis, O. Rieppel, Phylogenetics: Heed the father of cladistics, Nature. 496 (2013) 295–296.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Dong, L. Zhou, D. Wang, J. Hao, Molecular aggregates in stable aqueous three-phase surfactant systems and their use in producing CdS nanowires, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.H. Richter, Reading the Eighteenth-Century Novel, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
R.J.K. Jacob, Q. Limbourg, J. Vanderdonckt, eds., Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces IV: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces CADUI’2004 Sponsored by ACM and jointly organised with the Eight ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces IUI’2004 13–16 January 2004, Funchal, Isle of Madeira, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Biscari, T. Ruggeri, G. Saccomandi, M. Vianello, Geometria delle masse, in: T. Ruggeri, G. Saccomandi, M. Vianello (Eds.), Meccanica Razionale, Springer, Milano, 2014: pp. 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Physicists Test Entropy In A Non-Equilibrium System For The First Time, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, University Funding: Information on the Role of Peer Review at NSF and NIH, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.C. Dobson, Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting and Design: A business plan for aging-in-place resources, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T. Kaplan, M. Pilon, Attorney General Turns Focus to New York’s Pets, New York Times. (2013) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasonics - Sonochemistry
AbbreviationUltrason. Sonochem.
ISSN (print)1350-4177
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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