How to format your references using the Twentieth-Century Music citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Twentieth-Century Music. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korenaga, Jun. ‘Comment on “Intermittent plate tectonics?”’ Science (New York, N.Y.). 320/5881 (2008), 1291; author reply 1291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuriyan, John, and David Eisenberg. ‘The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization’. Nature. 450/7172 (2007), 983–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner, Andreas, Masakazu Yoshimori, and Andrew J. Weaver. ‘Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 295/5559 (2002), 1489–93.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Torchinsky, Miriam Beer, Johan Garaude, Andrea P. Martin, and J. Magarian Blander. ‘Innate immune recognition of infected apoptotic cells directs T(H)17 cell differentiation’. Nature. 458/7234 (2009), 78–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matte, Gregory S. Perfusion for Congenital Heart Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Rozbruch, S. Robert, and Reggie c. Hamdy, eds. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Surgery Case Atlas: Trauma • Foot and Ankle, 1st ed. 2015ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu, Xingguo, Yu Liu, and Yi Ren. ‘Hardware Design of the Open Channel Ultrasonic Sensor’. eds. David Jin and Sally Lin, in Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 3. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013. 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Twentieth-Century Music.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. ‘Can A Lack Of Love Be Deadly?’ IFLScience. IFLScience, 19 May 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/can-lack-love-be-deadly/ (accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Factors Affecting Revenue Forecast Accuracy and Realizing Future FAA Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 23, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaegel, Barbara M. ‘An Evaluation of the School-wide Positive Behavior Intervention and Support Check In/Check Out Behavior Education Program’. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, Mark, and Gardiner Harris. ‘In Retaliation, U.S. Tells Russia to Shut Consulate And 2 Diplomatic Offices’. New York Times31 August 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Jun Korenaga, ‘Comment on “Intermittent plate tectonics?”’, Science (New York, N.Y.). 320/5881 (2008), 1291; author reply 1291..
This sentence cites two references Jun Korenaga, ‘Comment on “Intermittent plate tectonics?”’, Science (New York, N.Y.). 320/5881 (2008), 1291; author reply 1291; John Kuriyan and David Eisenberg, ‘The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization’, Nature. 450/7172 (2007), 983–90..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: John Kuriyan and David Eisenberg, ‘The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization’, Nature. 450/7172 (2007), 983–90.
  • Three authors: Andreas Schmittner, Masakazu Yoshimori, and Andrew J. Weaver, ‘Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system’, Science (New York, N.Y.). 295/5559 (2002), 1489–93.
  • 4 or more authors: Miriam Beer Torchinsky et al., ‘Innate immune recognition of infected apoptotic cells directs T(H)17 cell differentiation’, Nature. 458/7234 (2009), 78–82.

About the journal

Full journal titleTwentieth-Century Music
ISSN (print)1478-5722
ISSN (online)1478-5730
Scope

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