How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Information Systems (JCIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward CD. 2000. Bordeaux mixture. Nature 404(6776):337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond J, Segrè D. 2006. The effect of oxygen on biochemical networks and the evolution of complex life. Science 311(5768):1764–1767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuster JM, Bodner M, Kroger JK. 2000. Cross-modal and cross-temporal association in neurons of frontal cortex. Nature 405(6784):347–351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan H, He L, Wang B, Niu W. 2014. The relationship between RAGE gene four common polymorphisms and breast cancer risk in northeastern Han Chinese. Sci Rep 4:4355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ji Z-G. 2017. Hydrodynamics and Water Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dingsøyr T, Moe NB, Tonelli R, Counsell S, Gencel C, Petersen K (eds). 2014. Agile Methods. Large-Scale Development, Refactoring, Testing, and Estimation: XP 2014 International Workshops, Rome, Italy, May 26-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Neese F. 2009. Spin-Hamiltonian Parameters from First Principle Calculations: Theory and Application. In: Berliner L, Hanson G (eds) High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine. Springer, New York, NY, pp 175–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Information Systems.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. Trouble Sleeping? Scientists Say Go Camping For The Weekend. IFLScience. Available from:, [30/10/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Improve Process for Ensuring Interoperability of Telecommunications Switches. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Addington LM. 2012. Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Phillips-Sandy M. 2013. Follow Me, Follow My Mom. New York Times :A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0887-4417
ISSN (online)2380-2057
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles