How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Information Systems (JCIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Onozuka D. 2014. Effect of non-stationary climate on infectious gastroenteritis transmission in Japan. Sci Rep 4:5157.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chhangani D, Mishra A. 2013. Mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) suppresses chaperone-associated misfolded protein aggregation and toxicity. Sci Rep 3:1972.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Banerjee P, Pollitz FF, Bürgmann R. 2005. The size and duration of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from far-field static offsets. Science 308(5729):1769–1772.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Lay AJ, Jiang XM, Kisker O, Flynn E, Underwood A, Condron R, Hogg PJ. 2000. Phosphoglycerate kinase acts in tumour angiogenesis as a disulphide reductase. Nature 408(6814):869–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Grant G. 2016. The Water Sensitive City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
[1]
Löffelhardt W (ed). 2014. Endosymbiosis. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jhunjhunwala A. 2010. India’s Mobile Revolution and the Unfinished Tasks: Invited Lecture. In: Kant K, Pemmaraju SV, Sivalingam KM, Wu J (eds) Distributed Computing and Networking: 11th International Conference, ICDCN 2010, Kolkata, India, January 3-6, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Information Systems.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. 2015. How Gaming Impacts Childrens’ Academic Achievements. IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/impact-technology-and-gaming-children-s-academic-achievements/, [30/10/2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Law Enforcement Block Grant Awards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
O’Neal L. 2016. What’s in Your Toolbox?: Examining Tool Choices at Two Middle and Late Woodland-Period Sites on Florida’s Central Gulf Coast. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Patterson MJO. 2015. A Quiet Outpost Beyond the Tunnel. New York Times :RE11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0887-4417
ISSN (online)2380-2057
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Education

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