How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Information Systems (JCIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stillman JH. 2003. Acclimation capacity underlies susceptibility to climate change. Science 301(5629):65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turner DB, Nelson KA. 2010. Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells. Nature 466(7310):1089–1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mourre V, Villa P, Henshilwood CS. 2010. Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 330(6004):659–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kolesnychenko OY, de Kort R, Katsnelson MI, Lichtenstein AI, van Kempen H. 2002. Real-space imaging of an orbital Kondo resonance on the Cr(001) surface. Nature 415(6871):507–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lippold JC. 2015. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
León R, Galván A, Fernández E (eds). 2007. Transgenic Microalgae as Green Cell Factories. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan W, Sickel W, Yang D. 2010. Several Equivalent Characterizations. In: Sickel W, Yang D (eds) Morrey and Campanato Meet Besov, Lizorkin and Triebel. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Information Systems.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Saturn’s Moon Enceladus May Have Been Knocked On Its Side. IFLScience. Available from:, [30/10/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Improvements Recommended for Better Oversight of the Capitol Page School. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu RI. 2012. Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valerian S. 2013. The Long-Running Man. New York Times :B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0887-4417
ISSN (online)2380-2057
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles