How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Information Systems (JCIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westall F. 2005. Evolution. Life on the early Earth: a sedimentary view. Science 308(5720):366–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu T, Khosla C. 2010. Chemistry. A balancing act for Taxol precursor pathways in E. coli. Science 330(6000):44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kunchulia M, Pilz KS, Herzog MH. 2014. Small effects of smoking on visual spatiotemporal processing. Sci Rep 4:7316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hamad-Schifferli K, Schwartz JJ, Santos AT, Zhang S, Jacobson JM. 2002. Remote electronic control of DNA hybridization through inductive coupling to an attached metal nanocrystal antenna. Nature 415(6868):152–155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bech S, Zacharov N. 2006. Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lockwood DJ, Pavesi L (eds). 2011. Silicon Photonics II: Components and Integration. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pardo A. 2005. Combining Datatypes and Effects. In: Vene V, Uustalu T (eds) Advanced Functional Programming: 5th International School, AFP 2004, Tartu, Estonia, August 14 – 21, 2004, Revised Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 171–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2015. Can You Trust Your Ears? IFLScience. Available from:, [30/10/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrera K. 2010. Improved transportation for older adult volunteers: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. 2017. Funny, but Not Funny Enough for The New Yorker. New York Times :C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0887-4417
ISSN (online)2380-2057
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles