How to format your references using the DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mejia R (2006) Human rights: from accountability to rebuilding. Science 313:289
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk J, Palsson BO (2014) Genetics. Predicting microbial growth. Science 344:1448–1449
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieder A, Freedman DJ, Miller EK (2002) Representation of the quantity of visual items in the primate prefrontal cortex. Science 297:1708–1711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Neugebohren J, Borodin D, Hahn HW, et al (2018) Velocity-resolved kinetics of site-specific carbon monoxide oxidation on platinum surfaces. Nature 558:280–283

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S (2005) Advanced Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Di Martino B (2015) Cloud Portability and Interoperability: Issues and Current Trends. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ma AYW, Cheung BKW, Kwok KCM, et al (2016) Recent Advances of Anaerobic Digestion for Energy Recovery. In: Karthikeyan OP, Heimann K, Muthu SS (eds) Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio-chemicals. Springer, Singapore, pp 87–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dutch Architects Create A Habitable Windmill That Could Power A City. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Tax Systems Modernization: Automated Underreporter Project Shows Need for Human Resource Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burchman EK (2014) A dialogue on improvisation, space and melody: Larry Koonse’s approach to improvisation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2014) A Summer Delight on a Split Bun. New York Times LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mejia 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Mejia 2006; Monk and Palsson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk and Palsson 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Neugebohren et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
ISSN (print)0304-0941
ISSN (online)2197-1722

Other styles