How to format your references using the DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump LR (2010) Geochemistry. Earth’s second wind. Science 330:1490–1491
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakahara K, Miyashita Y (2005) Neuroscience. Understanding intentions: through the looking glass. Science 308:644–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng M, Zhao J, Petek H (2008) Atomlike, hollow-core-bound molecular orbitals of C60. Science 320:359–362
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kong A, Thorleifsson G, Gudbjartsson DF, et al (2010) Fine-scale recombination rate differences between sexes, populations and individuals. Nature 467:1099–1103

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weber P, Simon C (2016) Benefits of Bayesian Network Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bradley P (ed) (2016) Food, Media and Contemporary Culture: The Edible Image. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Stephan M, Underwood-Gregg D, Yackel E (2014) Guided Reinvention: What Is It and How Do Teachers Learn This Teaching Approach? In: Li Y, Silver EA, Li S (eds) Transforming Mathematics Instruction: Multiple Approaches and Practices. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Tiny Tarsier Subspecies Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Inadequacies in Data Processing Planning in the Department of Commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrera K (2010) Improved transportation for older adult volunteers: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Davis JH (2017) Once Dominant, U.S. Is Now Isolated at G-20. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kump 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Nakahara and Miyashita 2005; Kump 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nakahara and Miyashita 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kong et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDECISION - Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
ISSN (print)0304-0941
ISSN (online)2197-1722

Other styles