How to format your references using the Turkish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Turkish Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. “UK Labs Impeded by Old Equipment.” Nature 405, no. 6786 (June 1, 2000): 496.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yurtsever, Aycan, and Ahmed H. Zewail. “4D Nanoscale Diffraction Observed by Convergent-Beam Ultrafast Electron Microscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, no. 5953 (October 30, 2009): 708–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbiscer, Anne J., Michael F. Skrutskie, and Douglas P. Hamilton. “Saturn’s Largest Ring.” Nature 461, no. 7267 (October 22, 2009): 1098–1100.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zeqiraj, Elton, Beatrice Maria Filippi, Maria Deak, Dario R. Alessi, and Daan M. F. van Aalten. “Structure of the LKB1-STRAD-MO25 Complex Reveals an Allosteric Mechanism of Kinase Activation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, no. 5960 (December 18, 2009): 1707–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
Nedović, Viktor, Peter Raspor, Jovanka Lević, Vesna Tumbas Šaponjac, and Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas, eds. Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe, Healthy and Quality Food. Food Engineering Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mason, Helen D., Nafi Dilaver, and Suman Rice. “Ovarian Dysfunction in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.” In Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current and Emerging Concepts, edited by Lubna Pal, 53–70. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Turkish Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Mediterranean Diet May Slow Down Age-Associated Cognitive Decline.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 14, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “[Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator].” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 15, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llamas, Andy L. “ALLTAP Solutions, LLC: A Business Plan.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. “Zinzi Clemmons.” New York Times, May 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleTurkish Studies
ISSN (print)1468-3849
ISSN (online)1743-9663
Political Science and International Relations

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