How to format your references using the Turkish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Turkish Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goto, Hayato. “Step-by-Step Magic State Encoding for Efficient Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation.” Scientific Reports 4 (December 16, 2014): 7501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, Maureen E., and Peter Huybers. “Unlocking the Mysteries of the Ice Ages.” Nature 451, no. 7176 (January 17, 2008): 284–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sia, G. M., R. L. Clem, and R. L. Huganir. “The Human Language-Associated Gene SRPX2 Regulates Synapse Formation and Vocalization in Mice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342, no. 6161 (November 22, 2013): 987–91.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schwartz, Carl E., Christopher I. Wright, Lisa M. Shin, Jerome Kagan, and Scott L. Rauch. “Inhibited and Uninhibited Infants ‘Grown up’: Adult Amygdalar Response to Novelty.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, no. 5627 (June 20, 2003): 1952–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etten, Wim C. van. Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Al-Baali, A. G. Abdul-Ghani. Sterilization Of Food In Retort Pouches. Edited by Mohammed M. Farid. Food Engineering Series. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Pathak, Abhinav, Y. Angela Wang, Cheng Huang, Albert Greenberg, Y. Charlie Hu, Randy Kern, Jin Li, and Keith W. Ross. “Measuring and Evaluating TCP Splitting for Cloud Services.” In Passive and Active Measurement: 11th International Conference, PAM 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, edited by Arvind Krishnamurthy and Bernhard Plattner, 41–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Turkish Studies.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “Stalagmites Record 3,000 Years of Climate Changes in Europe.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 18, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Survey on State Wireless E911 Funds, an E-Supplement to GAO-06-338.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 10, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, David. “The EastSide Café: A Liberated Learning Zone.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. “Updating DNA’s Life Story.” New York Times, August 18, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleTurkish Studies
ISSN (print)1468-3849
ISSN (online)1743-9663
Political Science and International Relations

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