How to format your references using the Turkish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Turkish Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huang, Alice Shih-Hou. “Follow Your Nose.” Nature 428, no. 6979 (March 11, 2004): 221–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, Charles T., and Charles H. F. Peden. “Chemistry. Oxygen Vacancies and Catalysis on Ceria Surfaces.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309, no. 5735 (July 29, 2005): 713–14.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo, Delia W., Yair Rosenthal, and Braddock K. Linsley. “2,000-Year-Long Temperature and Hydrology Reconstructions from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool.” Nature 460, no. 7259 (August 27, 2009): 1113–16.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bangura, A. F., Xiaofeng Xu, N. Wakeham, N. Peng, S. Horii, and N. E. Hussey. “The Wiedemann-Franz Law in the Putative One-Dimensional Metallic Phase of PrBa₂Cu₄O₈.” Scientific Reports 3 (November 20, 2013): 3261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, Ernest P. Algorithmic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
P. Hettiaratchy, Shehan, Matthew Griffiths, Farida Ali, and Jon Simmons, eds. Plastic Surgery: A Problem Based Approach. London: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaccaro, Stephen J., Eric J. Weis, Tiffani R. Chen, and Michael D. Matthews. “Situational Load and Personal Attributes: Implications for Cognitive Readiness, Adaptive Readiness, and Training.” In Teaching and Measuring Cognitive Readiness, edited by Harold F. O’Neil, Ray S. Perez, and Eva L. Baker, 93–115. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Turkish Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “What Missing Lander Means For Europe’s Quest To Find Life On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 20, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 27, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al azze, Qasim. “Field-Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on DSP Controller.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, Michael, and Mary Williams Walsh. “Island Trips for Treasury.” New York Times, April 14, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleTurkish Studies
ISSN (print)1468-3849
ISSN (online)1743-9663
Political Science and International Relations

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