How to format your references using the Turkish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Turkish Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basu, Shantanu. “Astronomy. Brown-Dwarf Origins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, no. 6090 (July 6, 2012): 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, Bruno, and Jen Sheen. “Advances in Cytokinin Signaling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, no. 5847 (October 5, 2007): 68–69.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, Norman, Mark Benfield, and Phil Culverhouse. “Time to Automate Identification.” Nature 467, no. 7312 (September 9, 2010): 154–55.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cao, Yu, Xiangshu Jin, Hua Huang, Mehabaw Getahun Derebe, Elena J. Levin, Venkataraman Kabaleeswaran, Yaping Pan, et al. “Crystal Structure of a Potassium Ion Transporter, TrkH.” Nature 471, no. 7338 (March 17, 2011): 336–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, Gilberto, and Bruce Levin. The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
Reeve, Amy Katherine, Kim Jennifer Krishnan, Michael R. Duchen, and Doug M. Turnbull, eds. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders. London: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Fyfe, C. “Artificial Neural Networks.” In Do Smart Adaptive Systems Exist?: Best Practice for Selection and Combination of Intelligent Methods, edited by Bogdan Gabrys, Kauko Leiviskä, and Jens Strackeljan, 57–79. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Turkish Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. “Betelgeuse May Be Spinning Faster Than Expected Because It Ate A Sun-Like Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience, December 22, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Status of Budget Authority Proposed for Rescission.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 24, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul, Watcharasak. “Foreign-Educated Nurses.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. “After ‘Awesome’ Break, Kelly Makes Her Debut As Pillar of NBC’s Plans.” New York Times, May 31, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleTurkish Studies
ISSN (print)1468-3849
ISSN (online)1743-9663
Political Science and International Relations

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