How to format your references using the Diabetes Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diabetes Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kouwenhoven L. Nanotechnology. Bouncing a C60 ball. Nature. 2000;407:35–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ford R, Spafford EH. Computer science. Happy birthday, dear viruses. Science. 2007;317:210–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Meng F, Li X, Duan Y. Chip-based ingroove microplasma with orthogonal signal collection: new approach for carbon-containing species detection through open air reaction for performance enhancement. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4803.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hinds DA, Stuve LL, Nilsen GB, Halperin E, Eskin E, Ballinger DG, et al. Whole-genome patterns of common DNA variation in three human populations. Science. 2005;307:1072–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pérez A. Mobile Networks Architecture. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Forsyth D, Torr P, Zisserman A, editors. Computer Vision – ECCV 2008: 10th European Conference on Computer Vision, Marseille, France, October 12-18, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dalbert C. On the Differentiation of an Implicit and a Self-Attributed Justice Motive. In: Kals E, Maes J, editors. Justice and Conflicts: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diabetes Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Scientists Have Successfully Drilled Into The Dinosaur-Killing Impact Crater [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/hidden-core-dinosaur-killing-impact-crater-successfully-breached-scientific-expedition/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Award of an Army Advanced Development Contract in 1971 to the Boeing Company Calling for the Design Fabrication and Testing of Certain Critical Advanced Technology Components. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Dec. Report No.: B-176701.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Richardson S. Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Goodman J. The Other 1 Percent. New York Times. 2016 Oct 9;BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiabetes Therapy
AbbreviationDiabetes Ther.
ISSN (print)1869-6953
ISSN (online)1869-6961
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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