How to format your references using the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. (2009). Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sattelberger, A. P., & Johnson, M. J. A. (2012). Chemistry. Uncovering the uranium-nitrogen triple bond. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 652–653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moser, D. E., Flowers, R. M., & Hart, R. J. (2001). Birth of the Kaapvaal tectosphere 3.08 billion years ago. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5503), 465–468.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wolfer, D. P., Litvin, O., Morf, S., Nitsch, R. M., Lipp, H.-P., & Würbel, H. (2004). Laboratory animal welfare: cage enrichment and mouse behaviour. Nature, 432(7019), 821–822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwartler, T. (2017). Text Mining in Practice with R. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kawash, J. (Ed.). (2014). Online Social Media Analysis and Visualization. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Y., & Lin, Y. (2015). Modeling Paired Objects and Their Interaction. In Y. Sun, A. Behal, & C.-K. R. Chung (Eds.), New Development in Robot Vision (pp. 73–87). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 20). A Giant Lava Lamp Inside The Earth Might Be Flipping The Planet’s Magnetic Field. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Intermodal Transportation: Potential Strategies Would Redefine Federal Role in Developing Airport Intermodal Capabilities (No. GAO-05-727). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden, A. (2012). Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A., & Walsh, M. W. (2016, June 14). Justices Reject Puerto Rico Law in Case on Restructuring Debt. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clark, 2009; Sattelberger & Johnson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sattelberger & Johnson, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Moser, Flowers, & Hart, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wolfer et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Consult. Clin. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-006X
ISSN (online)1939-2117
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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