How to format your references using the Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zeebe RE. Journal club. A physicist and biogeochemist gets a kick out of the problem of Brownian motion and diffusion. Nature. 2010;466(7310):1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lippincott-Schwartz J, Patterson GH. Development and use of fluorescent protein markers in living cells. Science. 2003;300(5616):87-91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Poot-Salazar A, Hernández-Flores Á, Ardisson P-L. Use of the SLW index to calculate growth function in the sea cucumber Isostichopus badionotus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5151.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Deng J, Pan T, Xu Q, et al. Linked strategy for the production of fuels via formose reaction. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1244.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ehrlich E, Fanelli D. The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Pitkethly J. Dualisability: Unary Algebras and Beyond. Vol 9. (Davey B, ed.). Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rovenski V, Zelenko L. Prescribing the Mixed Scalar Curvature of a Foliation. In: Rovenski V, Walczak P, eds. Geometry and Its Applications. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing; 2014:83-123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Peak Athletic Performance Is Dependent On Sleep Cycle. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aerial Systems: FAA Continues Progress toward Integration into the National Airspace. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pettengill JB. Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae). Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. Change, Slower Than a Speeding Bullet. New York Times. February 15, 2015:MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTurkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
ISSN (print)2452-2473
Scope

Other styles