How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zheng, J. Q. (2000), “Turning of nerve growth cones induced by localized increases in intracellular calcium ions,” Nature, 403 (6765), 89–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood, D. R. and T. P. Hughes (2001), “Regional-scale assembly rules and biodiversity of coral reefs,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 292 (5521), 1532–35.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, Roberto, Liz Palmer, and Gary Milhollin (2005), “Brazil’s Nuclear Activities,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307 (5711), 847–51.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luo, Bo, Juan Liu, Jing-Tao Lü, Jin-Hua Gao, and Kai-Lun Yao (2014), “Ultrahigh spin thermopower and pure spin current in a single-molecule magnet,” Scientific reports, 4, 4128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McConnell, Jonathan (2011), Index of Medical Imaging, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Tomczyk, Steven, Jie Zhang, and Timothy Bastian (Eds.) (2014), Coronal Magnetometry, New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, Kwang-Il and Doo-Seop Eom (2006), “Energy-Efficient Data Dissemination in Sensor Networks Using Distributed Dynamic Tree Management,” in Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 5th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2006, Ottawa, Canada, August 17-19, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, T. Kunz and S. S. Ravi, eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 32–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo (2016), “Watch The Perseid Meteor Shower Online,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014), “Secure Flight: Additional Actions Needed to Determine Program Effectiveness and Strengthen Privacy Oversight Mechanisms,” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mirzalou, Rana (2017), “Design and simulation of an 8-PSK super regenerative receiver with new phase detection technique,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan (2014), “Conversation Between Works and Over Decades,” New York Times, CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zheng 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bellwood and Hughes 2001; Zheng 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellwood and Hughes 2001)
  • Three authors: (Abdenur, Palmer, and Milhollin 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Luo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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