How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heeney, Jonathan L. (2015), “Ebola: Hidden reservoirs,” Nature, 527 (7579), 453–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Su, Chih-Ying and John R. Carlson (2013), “Neuroscience. Circuit logic of avoidance and attraction,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340 (6138), 1295–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldfarb, David J., Benjamin J. Glasser, and Troy Shinbrot (2002), “Shear instabilities in granular flows,” Nature, 415 (6869), 302–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hara, Kiyotaka Y., Takeyoshi Wada, Kuniki Kino, Toru Asahi, and Naoya Sawamura (2013), “Construction of photoenergetic mitochondria in cultured mammalian cells,” Scientific reports, 3, 1635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leis, John W. (2011), Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stocchi, Vilberto, Pierpaolo De Feo, and David A. Hood (Eds.) (2007), Role of Physical Exercise in Preventing Disease and Improving the Quality of Life, Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaplan, Sarah (2011), “Starting from Scratch: Creating Dynamic Characters,” in Teaching Drama in the Classroom: A Toolbox for Teachers, J. K. Dowdy and S. Kaplan, eds., Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 15–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen (2016), “Parental Songs Prepare Eggs For A Hotter World,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018), [available at].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989), “Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force,” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, Alicia N. (2012), “The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, George (2011), “The Enduring Afterglow,” New York Times, WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heeney 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Heeney 2015; Su and Carlson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Su and Carlson 2013)
  • Three authors: (Goldfarb, Glasser, and Shinbrot 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hara et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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