How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleindienst, Tadeusz E. (2009), “Chemistry. Epoxying isoprene chemistry,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325 (5941), 687–88.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, Douglas H. and Nicholas T. Ouellette (2013), “Emergent dynamics of laboratory insect swarms,” Scientific reports, 3, 1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cossart, Rosa, Dmitriy Aronov, and Rafael Yuste (2003), “Attractor dynamics of network UP states in the neocortex,” Nature, 423 (6937), 283–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petreanu, Leopoldo, Tianyi Mao, Scott M. Sternson, and Karel Svoboda (2009), “The subcellular organization of neocortical excitatory connections,” Nature, 457 (7233), 1142–45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS (2006), Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gorlewski, Julie A. (2012), Theory into Practice: Case Stories for School Leaders, Constructing Knowledge, Curriculum Studies in Action, (D. A. Gorlewski and T. M. Ramming, eds.), Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Shilov, Nikolay V. and Natalia O. Garanina (2011), “Combined Logics of Knowledge, Time, and Actions for Reasoning about Multi-agent Systems,” in Knowledge Processing and Data Analysis: First International Conference, KONT 2007, Novosibirsk, Russia, September 14-16, 2007 and First International Conference, KPP 2007,Darmstadt, Germany, September 28-30, 2007. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, K. E. Wolff, D. E. Palchunov, N. G. Zagoruiko, and U. Andelfinger, eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 48–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “Why The Hubble Space Telescope Has Been Such A Stellar Success,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018), [available at].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999), “Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Noteworthy Improvements in Readiness But Vulnerabilities Remain,” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, Gongliang (2010), “Roles of serotonin 2A receptor in a serotonin syndrome,” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Christopher (2012), “Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team,” New York Times, A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleindienst 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kelley and Ouellette 2013; Kleindienst 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelley and Ouellette 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cossart, Aronov, and Yuste 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Petreanu et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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