How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bolker, Jessica (2012), “Model organisms: There’s more to life than rats and flies,” Nature, 491 (7422), 31–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishide, Hiroyuki and Kenichi Oyaizu (2008), “Materials science. Toward flexible batteries,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319 (5864), 737–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hornbach, Matthew J., Demian M. Saffer, and W. Steven Holbrook (2004), “Critically pressured free-gas reservoirs below gas-hydrate provinces,” Nature, 427 (6970), 142–44.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blackmer, T., E. C. Larsen, M. Takahashi, T. F. Martin, S. Alford, and H. E. Hamm (2001), “G protein betagamma subunit-mediated presynaptic inhibition: regulation of exocytotic fusion downstream of Ca2+ entry,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 292 (5515), 293–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton, Edward (2016), Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rabe, Karin M., Charles H. Ahn, and Jean-Marc Triscone (Eds.) (2007), Physics of Ferroelectrics: A Modern Perspective, Topics in Applied Physics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
KlimaŠauskas, Saulius, Zita LiutkeviČiŪtĖ, and Dalia DaujotytĖ (2009), “Biophysical Approaches To Study Dna Base Flipping,” in Biophysics and the Challenges of Emerging Threats, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, J. Puglisi, ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “The Red Area Of This Map Represents Where 5% Of The World’s Entire Population Lives,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018), [available at].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000), “Information Technology Investment Management: An Overview of GAO’s Assessment Framework (Exposure Draft),” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, Angela (2010), “Kindergarten through third grade reading tutors in Northeast Mississippi,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James (2016), “Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift,” New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bolker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bolker 2012; Nishide and Oyaizu 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishide and Oyaizu 2008)
  • Three authors: (Hornbach, Saffer, and Holbrook 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Blackmer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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