How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C. (2000), “EVOLUTION: Parasites Make Scaredy-Rats Foolhardy,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 289 (5479), 525b–27.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGraw, James B. and Mary Ann Furedi (2005), “Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307 (5711), 920–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daigaku, Yasukazu, Adelina A. Davies, and Helle D. Ulrich (2010), “Ubiquitin-dependent DNA damage bypass is separable from genome replication,” Nature, 465 (7300), 951–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhuo, Yan, Tian Gang Zhou, Heng Yi Rao, Jiong Jiong Wang, Ming Meng, Ming Chen, Cheng Zhou, and Lin Chen (2003), “Contributions of the visual ventral pathway to long-range apparent motion,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299 (5605), 417–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus, Jean-Marie (2013), Risk Analysis, Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fagagna, Fabrizio D’adda di, Susanna Chiocca, Fraser McBlane, and Ugo Cavallaro (Eds.) (2007), Advances in Molecular Oncology: Edited under the auspices of the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) and The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM), Advances In Experimental Medicine And Biology, Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Conti, Nicolò and Vincenzo Memoli (2016), “A Specific Profile: The Internet Users,” in Citizens, Europe and the Media: Have New Media made Citizens more Eurosceptical?, V. Memoli, ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “A New Type Of Surfboard Could Soon Be Making Waves,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018), [available at].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014), “Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program,” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, Winnie (2012), “Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina,” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, John (2017), “Executive Power Run Amok,” New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McGraw and Furedi 2005; Zimmer 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGraw and Furedi 2005)
  • Three authors: (Daigaku, Davies, and Ulrich 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhuo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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