How to format your references using the Journal of International Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Marketing (JIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stephanopoulos, Gregory (2007), “Challenges in engineering microbes for biofuels production,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315 (5813), 801–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Y. and A. F. Schier (2001), “The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen,” Nature, 411 (6837), 607–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arantes-Oliveira, Nuno, Jennifer R. Berman, and Cynthia Kenyon (2003), “Healthy animals with extreme longevity,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302 (5645), 611.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Strobel, P., M. Riedel, J. Ristein, and L. Ley (2004), “Surface transfer doping of diamond,” Nature, 430 (6998), 439–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Temple, L. Parker, III (2013), Implosion, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oswalt, Terry D. and Howard E. Bond (Eds.) (2013), Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems: Volume 2: Astronomical Techniques, Software, and Data, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Saravacos, George and Athanasios E. Kostaropoulos (2016), “Mechanical Processing Equipment,” in Handbook of Food Processing Equipment, Food Engineering Series, A. E. Kostaropoulos, ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 149–232.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle (2016), “How We Discovered The ‘Higgs Bison’, Hiding In Plain Sight In Ancient Cave Art,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (accessed October 30, 2018), [available at].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982), “Cost Overrun on the Aeropropulsion Systems Test Facility,” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert, Melissa (2015), “Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility,” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, Michael J. (2017), “Activist Hedge Fund Picks A New Target: ComScore,” New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stephanopoulos 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Schier 2001; Stephanopoulos 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Schier 2001)
  • Three authors: (Arantes-Oliveira, Berman, and Kenyon 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Strobel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Int. Mark.
ISSN (print)1069-031X
ISSN (online)1547-7215
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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