How to format your references using the Drugs of the Future citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of the Future. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartal G. Nanophotonics: bright future for hyperbolic chips. Nature 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):160–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maynard A, Rejeski D. Too small to overlook. Nature 2009 Jul 9;460(7252):174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rebbeck CA, Leroi AM, Burt A. Mitochondrial capture by a transmissible cancer. Science 2011 Jan 21;331(6015):303.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dougherty MK, Cao H, Khurana KK, et al. Saturn’s magnetic field revealed by the Cassini Grand Finale. Science 2018 Oct 5;362(6410).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola B. Markov Chains. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Sell C, Lorenzini A, Brown-Borg HM, editors. Life-Span Extension: Single-Cell Organisms to Man. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan W, Hu L, Cheng X, Li H, Chu J, Sun Y. Improvement of an ID-Based Threshold Signcryption Scheme. In: He X, Hua E, Lin Y, Liu X, editors. Computer, Informatics, Cybernetics and Applications: Proceedings of the CICA 2011 Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of the Future.

Blog post
Andrew E. Things in space that could kill us [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Mar. Report No.: GAO-14-242.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra VA. Impact of the media on body image and eating disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
DAVID KELLY; David Kelly is an editor of The Book Review. “I CAN POP I CAN BREAK I CAN SLIDE AND JERK.” New York Times 1990 May 20;744.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of the Future
AbbreviationDrugs Future
ISSN (print)0377-8282
ISSN (online)2013-0368
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles