How to format your references using the Cancer Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wain-Hobson S. The third Bond. Nature. 2006 Feb 2;439(7076):539.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogue TS, Pincetl S. WATER CONSERVATION. Are you watering your lawn? Science. 2015 Jun 19;348(6241):1319–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cooper TF, O’Leary RA, Lough JM. Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene. Science. 2012 Feb 3;335(6068):593–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma C, Liu M, Chen C, Lin Y, Li Y, Horwitz JS, et al. The origin of local strain in highly epitaxial oxide thin films. Sci. Rep. 2013 Oct 31;3:3092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond BC. Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Beck DE, Wexner SD, Hull TL, Roberts PL, Saclarides TJ, Senagore AJ, et al., editors. The ASCRS Manual of Colon and Rectal Surgery. 2nd ed. 2014. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Robinson B. The Welfare and Education of Left-Behind Children in Western China. In: Lee JC-K, Yu Z, Huang X, Law EH-F, editors. Educational Development in Western China: Towards Quality and Equity. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016. p. 97–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S. First Signs Of Global Warming Appeared In 1940s [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Fugitive Felon Program Could Benefit from Better Use of Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-346.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byeon G. More than words: A comparative study of Liszt’s Liebesträume and the songs from which they were transcribed [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez M, Blinder A. Hurricane Harvey Crashes Into Texas Coast. New York Times. 2017 Aug 25;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wain-Hobson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hogue and Pincetl 2015; Wain-Hobson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hogue and Pincetl 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Nanotechnology
AbbreviationCancer Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1868-6958
ISSN (online)1868-6966
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles