How to format your references using the Cancer Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon M. Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight. Science. 2013 May 31;340(6136):1059–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harvey CD, Svoboda K. Locally dynamic synaptic learning rules in pyramidal neuron dendrites. Nature. 2007 Dec 20;450(7173):1195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilman D, Reich PB, Knops JMH. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature. 2006 Jun 1;441(7093):629–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao PX, Ding Y, Mai W, Hughes WL, Lao C, Wang ZL. Conversion of zinc oxide nanobelts into superlattice-structured nanohelices. Science. 2005 Sep 9;309(5741):1700–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lowman M. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Wise CA, Rios JJ, editors. Molecular Genetics of Pediatric Orthopaedic Disorders. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Foruria EV. The Participation of Autonomous Communities in the Central Bodies of State. In: López-Basaguren A, Escajedo San Epifanio L, editors. The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Andrews R. We Are Now Closer To Making Artificial Life Than Ever Before [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Corrective Actions Underway, but Better Inspection Guidance Still Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Aug. Report No.: RCED-88-160.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly JC. The fluid evolution of the Mount Mica and Irish Pit pegmatites, Maine: Evidence from stable isotopes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hodara S. The City of Lights, When It Was First Lighted. New York Times. 2016 Jun 4;CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Harvey and Svoboda 2007; Sharon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harvey and Svoboda 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Nanotechnology
AbbreviationCancer Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1868-6958
ISSN (online)1868-6966
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles