How to format your references using the Cancer Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice SA. Interfering for the good of a chemical reaction. Nature. 2001 Jan 18;409(6818):422–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holowka S, Petitto LA. Left hemisphere cerebral specialization for babies while babbling. Science. 2002 Aug 30;297(5586):1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang XF, Chen TT, Zheng B. Structure of local interactions in complex financial dynamics. Sci. Rep. 2014 Jun 17;4:5321.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klein MW, Enkrich C, Wegener M, Linden S. Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials. Science. 2006 Jul 28;313(5786):502–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V. Corrosion Engineering and Cathodic Protection Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Sulica L, Blitzer A, editors. Vocal Fold Paralysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Faller M. Plato’s Pythagorean Cosmos: Order and Chaos in the Intelligence of Natural Design. In: Swan L, Gordon R, Seckbach J, editors. Origin(s) of Design in Nature: A Fresh, Interdisciplinary Look at How Design Emerges in Complex Systems, Especially Life. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 59–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Google’s DeepMind Has An AI That Understands The Benefits Of Betrayal [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC Needs To Monitor a Changing International Telecommunications Market. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Mar. Report No.: RCED-83-92.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy C. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Robert Kirkman Plans New Comic Book Series. New York Times. 2017 Oct 5;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Holowka and Petitto 2002; Rice 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holowka and Petitto 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Klein et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Nanotechnology
AbbreviationCancer Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1868-6958
ISSN (online)1868-6966
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles