How to format your references using the Cancer Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson K. Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science. 2006 Sep 8;313(5792):1454–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove CJ, Straker LC. Comment on “A diverse assemblage of Late Cretaceous dinosaur and bird feathers from Canadian amber.” Science. 2012 Feb 17;335(6070):796; author reply 796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash NK, Fleurbaey M, Kartha S. Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science. 2014 Jul 4;345(6192):36–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Luo G-F, Chen W-H, Liu Y, Lei Q, Zhuo R-X, Zhang X-Z. Multifunctional enveloped mesoporous silica nanoparticles for subcellular co-delivery of drug and therapeutic peptide. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 14;4:6064.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry P, Beneat J. Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Geroimenko V, editor. Augmented Reality Art: From an Emerging Technology to a Novel Creative Medium. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Uzun E, Lorenzi D, Atluri V, Vaidya J, Sural S. Migrating from DAC to RBAC. In: Samarati P, editor. Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXIX: 29th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference, DBSec 2015, Fairfax, VA, USA, July 13-15, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Nanotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dolphins Have A Magnetic Sense [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate’s Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Nov. Report No.: GAO-12-239T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulice SW. The colonized child: Love, community, and wholeness as necessary elements of education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S, Bowley G. First Trial In Cosby Case Is a Guide For the 2nd. New York Times. 2017 Jun 19;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dove and Straker 2012; Robinson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dove and Straker 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Nanotechnology
AbbreviationCancer Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1868-6958
ISSN (online)1868-6966
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Biomedical Engineering
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles