How to format your references using the Tsaqafah citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tsaqafah. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stoll, Heather. vol. 460, no. 7258. 2009, “Journal club. A biogeochemist sees the value of diversity in a changing ocean”, Nature. p. 935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vakil, Ashkan and Nader Engheta. vol. 332, no. 6035. 2011, “Transformation optics using graphene”, Science (New York, N.Y.). pp. 1291–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, Ross N., Taylor M. Kilian, and David A.D. Evans. vol. 482, no. 7384. 2012, “Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time”, Nature. pp. 208–11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rakhilin, S.V. et al. vol. 306, no. 5696. 2004, “A network of control mediated by regulator of calcium/calmodulin-dependent signaling”, Science (New York, N.Y.). pp. 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, Dewayne R. 2014, Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chapple, David G. (ed.). 2016, New Zealand Lizards, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Popovich, Michael L. and Xiaohui Zhang. ed. by Michael Christopher Gibbons, Rajeev Bali, and Nilmini Wickramasinghe. 2010, “A Childhood/Adolescent Knowledge Management System for Urban Area Health Programs in the District of Columbia”, in Perspectives of Knowledge Management in Urban Health, New York, NY: Springer. pp. 51–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tsaqafah.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 24 Dec 2014, “Ancient Rock Offers New Clues About Past Habitability of Mars”, IFLScience, IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/ancient-rock-offers-new-clues-about-past-habitability-mars/, accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005, Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates, no. GAO-05-389R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Yongok. 2012, “Three essays on econometrics”, Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 11 May 2005, “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Arson Suspected In Synagogue Fire”, New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Heather Stoll, “Journal club. A biogeochemist sees the value of diversity in a changing ocean”, Nature, vol. 460, no. 7258 (2009), p. 935..
This sentence cites two references Heather Stoll, “Journal club. A biogeochemist sees the value of diversity in a changing ocean”, Nature, vol. 460, no. 7258 (2009), p. 935; Ashkan Vakil and Nader Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene”, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 332, no. 6035 (2011), pp. 1291–4, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1202691..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: S.V. Rakhilin et al., “A network of control mediated by regulator of calcium/calmodulin-dependent signaling”, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 306, no. 5696 (2004), pp. 698–701, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1099961.

About the journal

Full journal titleTsaqafah
AbbreviationTSAQAFAH
ISSN (print)1411-0334
ISSN (online)2460-0008
Scope

Other styles