How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P: Northern England: rising star. Nature 2003, 425:430–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rittle J, Green MT: Cytochrome P450 compound I: capture, characterization, and C-H bond activation kinetics. Science 2010, 330:933–937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gorzelak P, Głuchowski E, Salamon MA: Reassessing the improbability of a muscular crinoid stem. Sci Rep 2014, 4:6049.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nam M-S, Ardavan A, Blundell SJ, Schlueter JA: Fluctuating superconductivity in organic molecular metals close to the Mott transition. Nature 2007, 449:584–587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eric G. F, Yvonne R: Growing Pains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Zhang H: 4G Femtocells: Resource Allocation and Interference Management. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Frohlich KM, Sarachan KL, Todd GC, Basanta-Sanchez M, Väre VYP, Agris PF: Post-Transcriptional Modifications of RNA: Impact on RNA Function and Human Health. In Modified Nucleic Acids in Biology and Medicine. Edited by Jurga S, Erdmann (Deceased) VA, Barciszewski J. Springer International Publishing; 2016:91–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Chemical Biology.

Blog post
Fang J: Manhattan Flood Risk Up 20-Fold Since 19th Century. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: A Capsule Version of: Nanomanufacturing--Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez M: For imagination and love – The permanence of the Mexican father who fathers at a distance. 2012,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG: A World Of Words Reinvented In Pictures. New York Times 2010,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1367-5931
ISSN (online)1879-0402
Analytical Chemistry

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