How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloat DL: South Dakota school replies to sexual harassment claims. Nature 2009, 460:949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore BD, Foley WJ: Tree use by koalas in a chemically complex landscape. Nature 2005, 435:488–490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zahidi EM, Oudghiri-Hassani H, McBreen PH: Formation of thermally stable alkylidene layers on a catalytically active surface. Nature 2001, 409:1023–1026.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Thomas JH, Weiss NO, Tobias SM, Brummell NH: Downward pumping of magnetic flux as the cause of filamentary structures in sunspot penumbrae. Nature 2002, 420:390–393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer H: Profitable Day and Swing Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Rutkowski L, Korytkowski M, Scherer R, Tadeusiewicz R, Zadeh LA, Zurada JM (Eds): Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 11th International Conference, ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers Y: Using External Visualizations to Extend and Integrate Learning in Mobile and Classroom Settings. In Visualization: Theory and Practice in Science Education. Edited by Gilbert JK, Reiner M, Nakhleh M. Springer Netherlands; 2008:89–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Chemical Biology.

Blog post
Fang J: An Experimental Stem Cell Treatment Lead To A Woman Accidentally Growing A Nose On Her Spine. IFLScience 2014,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons C: Correlates and predictors of cognitive complexity among counseling and social work students in graduate training programs. 2008,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L: Bridal Hunger Games. New York Times 2012,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1367-5931
ISSN (online)1879-0402
Analytical Chemistry

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