How to format your references using the Comparative Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Bergh S (2007) Galaxy morphology: out of order. Nature 445:265
A journal article with 2 authors
Carter NJ, Cross RA (2005) Mechanics of the kinesin step. Nature 435:308–312
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn V, Taylor TL, Schall JD (2000) Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field. Nature 408:857–860
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Castro-Rodriguez I, Nakai H, Zakharov LN, et al (2004) A linear, O-coordinated eta1-CO2 bound to uranium. Science 305:1757–1759

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed K (2013) Contemporary Islamic Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Backhaus J (ed) (2015) Great Nations at Peril. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Moura Neto FD, da Silva Neto AJ (2013) Image Restoration. In: da Silva Neto AJ (ed) An Introduction to Inverse Problems with Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Mutilated Toucan Receives 3D-Printed Beak. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell BM (2010) Body composition changes and work-efficiency effects from diet modification and incorporation of an at-home exercise regimen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Friedman L, Schwartz J (2017) Warm Gulf Fuels the Rain and Gives It Nowhere to Go. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Bergh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Carter and Cross 2005; van den Bergh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carter and Cross 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Castro-Rodriguez et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationComp. Clin. Path.
ISSN (print)1618-5641
ISSN (online)1618-565X
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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