How to format your references using the Comparative Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman KJ (2008) Biochemistry. Anatomy of a fungal polyketide synthase. Science 320:186–187
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen R, Hubisz MJ (2005) Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature 433:E6; discussion E7-8
A journal article with 3 authors
Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC (2008) Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels. Nature 451:86–89
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reganold JP, Glover JD, Andrews PK, Hinman HR (2001) Sustainability of three apple production systems. Nature 410:926–930

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D (2007) IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sivanandam SN (2008) Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bednar PM, Welch C (2008) Loitering with Intent: Dealing with Human-Intensive Systems. In: Marco MD, Casalino N (eds) Interdisciplinary Aspects of Information Systems Studies: The Italian Association for Information Systems. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 33–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Public Must Speak Up About Gene Editing – Beyond Embryo Modification. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/public-must-speak-about-gene-editing-beyond-embryo-modification/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Expenditures for Consulting Services Under Two Federally Funded Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams EC (2012) Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz RR, Ivory D, Stout H (2014) 13 Deaths, Untold Heartache, From G.M. Defect. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nielsen and Hubisz 2005; Weissman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Hubisz 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Reganold et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationComp. Clin. Path.
ISSN (print)1618-5641
ISSN (online)1618-565X
ScopeAnatomy
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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