How to format your references using the Tropical Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) National Academies launch grants for interdisciplinary work. Nature 422:791
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlton JG, Martin-Serrano J (2007) Parallels between cytokinesis and retroviral budding: a role for the ESCRT machinery. Science 316:1908–1912
A journal article with 3 authors
Volkov I, Banavar JR, Maritan A (2006) Comment on “Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil.” Science 313:918; author reply 918
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dina C, Meyre D, Samson C, et al (2007) Comment on “A common genetic variant is associated with adult and childhood obesity.” Science 315:187; author reply 187

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moritz FG (2013) Electromechanical Motion Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Beal T (2016) China, New Zealand, and the Complexities of Globalization: Asymmetry, Complementarity, and Competition. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Young RA, Marshall SK, Valach L, et al (2011) Studying Transition Processes. In: Marshall SK, Valach L, Domene JF, et al. (eds) Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling. Springer, New York, NY, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) NASA Just Released 56 Of Their Technology Patents For Free Public Use. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Proprietary Schools: Millions Spent to Train Students for Oversupplied Occupations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payan Venegas R (2012) Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ (2017) Huntsman Is Said to Be Close to Merger With Clariant. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2003; Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dina et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Plant Pathology
ISSN (online)1983-2052

Other styles