How to format your references using the Tropical Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q (2001) Bid to end EU’s transgenic impasse. Nature 413:661
A journal article with 2 authors
Peers G, Price NM (2006) Copper-containing plastocyanin used for electron transport by an oceanic diatom. Nature 441:341–344
A journal article with 3 authors
Nahm H-H, Park CH, Kim Y-S (2014) Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Sci Rep 4:4124
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu Q-H, Sun L-G, Xie Z-Q, et al (2013) Increase in penguin populations during the Little Ice Age in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Sci Rep 3:2472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Groves E (2009) The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rintala RJ, Pakarinen M, Wester T (eds) (2016) Current Concepts of Intestinal Failure. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fan Y, Yin Y (2012) Differentiated Time-Frequency Characteristics Based Real-Time Motion Decoding for Lower Extremity Rehabilitation Exoskeleton Robot. In: Su C-Y, Rakheja S, Liu H (eds) Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 5th International Conference, ICIRA 2012, Montreal, Canada, October 3-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Melting Sea Ice Causing Hungry Polar Bears To Switch From Seals To Goose Nesting Sites. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Efforts to Exchange Health Data Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Project Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner CP (2015) Three essays in applied microeconomics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins L, Rodriguez NT (2017) Gang Murders in the Suburbs. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2001; Peers and Price 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peers and Price 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Plant Pathology
ISSN (online)1983-2052
Scope

Other styles