How to format your references using the Geometriae Dedicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geometriae Dedicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J.: IMMIGRATION POLICY: Growth in Visas Boosts NSF Education Programs. Science. 290, 249 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A., Perrimon, N.: A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature. 444, 230–234 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E.B., Lystad, V., Rasio, F.A.: Planet-planet scattering in the upsilon Andromedae system. Nature. 434, 873–876 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parimi, P.V., Lu, W.T., Vodo, P., Sridhar, S.: Photonic crystals: imaging by flat lens using negative refraction. Nature. 426, 404 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton, J., Gil, F., Center for Chemical Process Safety: Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
O’Campo, P., Dunn, J.R. eds: Rethinking Social Epidemiology: Towards a Science of Change. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Vleju, M.B.: A Client-Centric ASM-Based Approach to Identity Management in Cloud Computing. In: Castano, S., Vassiliadis, P., Lakshmanan, L.V., and Lee, M.L. (eds.) Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 34–43. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geometriae Dedicata.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Good News For The Only Place On Earth where Tigers, Rhinos, Orangutans And Elephants Live Together


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: USDA Telecommunications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasbini, M.A.: The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green, L.V.: Beds of State, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeometriae Dedicata
AbbreviationGeom. Dedicata
ISSN (print)0046-5755
ISSN (online)1572-9168
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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