How to format your references using the Geometriae Dedicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geometriae Dedicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julien, M.-H.: Physics. Magnetic fields make waves in cuprates. Science. 350, 914–915 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mounce, R.C.P., Wills, M.A.: Phylogenetic position of Diania challenged. Nature. 476, E1; discussion E3-4 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Taguchi, A., Wartschow, L.M., White, M.F.: Brain IRS2 signaling coordinates life span and nutrient homeostasis. Science. 317, 369–372 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cantlon, J.F., Cordes, S., Libertus, M.E., Brannon, E.M.: Comment on “Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures.” Science. 323, 38; author reply 38 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémy, J.-G., Letamendia, C.: Home Area Networks and IPTV. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2013)
An edited book
Graeb, H.E. ed: Analog Layout Synthesis: A Survey of Topological Approaches. Springer US, Boston, MA (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Sagarin, R., Pauchard, A.: Using Technology to Expand Our Observational Senses. In: Pauchard, A. (ed.) Observation and Ecology: Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World. pp. 63–73. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geometriae Dedicata.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: How Rosetta Made An Epic Journey Through Space And Overcame Incredible Challenges,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, G.M.: Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G.: Titans in Party Dresses: Socialite, debutante, advocate: all spell Hadley Marie Nagel, who at 19 boasts a résumé over the top, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeometriae Dedicata
AbbreviationGeom. Dedicata
ISSN (print)0046-5755
ISSN (online)1572-9168
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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