How to format your references using the Geometriae Dedicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geometriae Dedicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farokhzad, O.C.: Nanotechnology: Platelet mimicry. Nature. 526, 47–48 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Stive, M.J.F., Reniers, A.J.H.M.: Geophysics. Sandbars in motion. Science. 299, 1855–1856 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Zhu, J., Ye, H.: Comment on “Tubular graphite cones.” Science. 303, 766; author reply 766 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nanbo, A., Watanabe, S., Halfmann, P., Kawaoka, Y.: The spatio-temporal distribution dynamics of Ebola virus proteins and RNA in infected cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1206 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sillar, K.T., Picton, L.D., Heitler, W.J.: The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Steinmetz, R., Wehrle, K. eds: Peer-to-Peer Systems and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
De Neve, W., Wu, Y., Ezzell, G.: Practical IMRT Planning. In: Bortfeld, T., Schmidt-Ullrich, R., Neve, W.D., and Wazer, D.E. (eds.) Image-Guided IMRT. pp. 47–59. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geometriae Dedicata.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Baby Beluga Whale Born At Georgia Aquarium Has Died,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Next Generation Air Transportation System: Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities and Full System Transformation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laskey, E.: Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B.M.: The Scramblin’ Kids of Harlem, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeometriae Dedicata
AbbreviationGeom. Dedicata
ISSN (print)0046-5755
ISSN (online)1572-9168
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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