How to format your references using the Geometriae Dedicata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geometriae Dedicata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: Livermore plans radical rescue for “mismanaged” laser facility. Nature. 403, 469–470 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, T., Wyse, S.: IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science. 335, 932–933 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M.: The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature. 440, 1137–1144 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bunce, M., Worthy, T.H., Ford, T., Hoppitt, W., Willerslev, E., Drummond, A., Cooper, A.: Extreme reversed sexual size dimorphism in the extinct New Zealand moa Dinornis. Nature. 425, 172–175 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon, T., Grossman, S.: Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2007)
An edited book
Seki, S.: High-Energy Charged Particles: Their Chemistry and Use as Versatile Tools for Nanofabrication. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Duncan, J.G., Finck, B.N.: PPAR/PGC-1 Regulation of Metabolism in Cardiac Disease. In: Patterson, C. and Willis, M.S. (eds.) Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques. pp. 83–111. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geometriae Dedicata.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Men’s Magazines Are Normalizing Sexist Bigotry, Study Finds,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Army Accounting Adjustments--Tank-Automotive Command. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rountree, B.L.: Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Sunsets and Pink Dolphins Along the Amazon, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeometriae Dedicata
AbbreviationGeom. Dedicata
ISSN (print)0046-5755
ISSN (online)1572-9168
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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