How to format your references using the Asian Population Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Population Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bass, J. (2012). Circadian topology of metabolism. Nature, 491(7424), 348–356.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lowell, B. B., & Shulman, G. I. (2005). Mitochondrial dysfunction and type 2 diabetes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5708), 384–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N. J., Malina, M., & Münzel, S. C. (2009). New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. Nature, 460(7256), 737–740.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, X., Zhang, Z., Wang, L., Xi, K., Cao, Q., Wang, D., Yang, Y., & Du, Y. (2013). Excellent microwave absorption property of Graphene-coated Fe nanocomposites. Scientific Reports, 3, 3421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonilla, L. L., & Teitsworth, S. W. (2010). Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, E., Schwarzbauer, J., & Robert, D. (Eds.). (2013). Green Materials for Energy, Products and Depollution (Vol. 3). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Moreira, E. E., Paulo, A. A., & Pereira, L. S. (2007). Is Drought Occurrence And Severity Increasing Due to Climate Change? Analysing Drought Class Transitions With Loglinear Models. In G. Rossi, T. Vega, & B. Bonaccorso (Eds.), Methods and Tools for Drought Analysis and Management (pp. 67–81). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Population Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 26). Juno Snaps Amazing Image Of Jupiter’s Little Red Spot. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: Concerns About the Superconducting Super Collider (T-RCED-92-48). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, E. B. (2017). Environmental Thyroid Endocrine Disruption in Shiner Perch (Cymatogaster aggregata): An Analysis of Thyroid Glandular Function [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., & Schwirtz, M. (2015, June 2). Federal Inquiry on Rikers Turns to Union Chief. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bass, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bass, 2012; Lowell & Shulman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lowell & Shulman, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Conard et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Population Studies
AbbreviationAsian Popul. Stud.
ISSN (print)1744-1730
ISSN (online)1744-1749

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