How to format your references using the Asian Population Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Population Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, D. (2014). The cancer that rises with the sun. Nature, 515(7527), S110-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martinez-Perez, E., & Moore, G. (2004). Plant sciences. Promiscuous maize chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5654), 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marimuthu, A., Zhang, J., & Linic, S. (2013). Tuning selectivity in propylene epoxidation by plasmon mediated photo-switching of Cu oxidation state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1590–1593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Allwood, D. A., Xiong, G., Faulkner, C. C., Atkinson, D., Petit, D., & Cowburn, R. P. (2005). Magnetic domain-wall logic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741), 1688–1692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison, M. (2011). Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lopez-Tarruella, A. (Ed.). (2012). Google and the Law: Empirical Approaches to Legal Aspects of Knowledge-Economy Business Models (Vol. 22). The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Maruhn, J. A., Reinhard, P.-G., & Suraud, E. (2010). Hartree–Fock. In P.-G. Reinhard & E. Suraud (Eds.), Simple Models of Many-Fermion Systems (pp. 117–141). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Population Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, June 6). White Bread Is Healthier For Some People Than Whole Grain. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Indian Affairs: Further Actions on GAO Recommendations Needed to Address Systemic Management Challenges with Indian Education (No. GAO-15-539T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton, M. A. (2003). Experiences of Everyday Racism: Understanding the Racial Difference in Perceptions of Physicians’ Cultural Competence (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001, October 5). World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes, 2014; Martinez-Perez & Moore, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martinez-Perez & Moore, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Marimuthu, Zhang, & Linic, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Allwood et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Population Studies
AbbreviationAsian Popul. Stud.
ISSN (print)1744-1730
ISSN (online)1744-1749

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