How to format your references using the Tropical Animal Health and Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Animal Health and Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N., 2010. History: The changing notion of food Nature, 468, S16-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotomayor, M. and Schulten, K., 2007. Single-molecule experiments in vitro and in silico Science (New York, N.Y.), 316, 1144–1148
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahal, D., Liu, S. and Oeding, J., 2014. The carbon cycle and hurricanes in the United States between 1900 and 2011 Scientific reports, 4, 5197
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robert, T., Vanoli, F., Chiolo, I., Shubassi, G., Bernstein, K.A., Rothstein, R., Botrugno, O.A., Parazzoli, D., Oldani, A., Minucci, S. and Foiani, M., 2011. HDACs link the DNA damage response, processing of double-strand breaks and autophagy Nature, 471, 74–79

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A., 2013. Voice Over LTE, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA)
An edited book
Drugman, T. and Dutoit, T. (eds), 2013. Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: 6th International Conference, NOLISP 2013, Mons, Belgium, June 19-21, 2013. Proceedings, (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X., Fernandes, R., Jurisicova, A., Casper, R.F. and Sun, Y., 2011. Cellular Force Measurement Using Computer Vision Microscopy and a Polymeric Microdevice In:, C. Clévy , M. Rakotondrabe , and N. Chaillet (eds), Signal Measurement and Estimation Techniques for Micro and Nanotechnology, (Springer: New York, NY), 133–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Animal Health and Production.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. What’s Going On At Fukushima? (IFLScience)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. DOD Instruction 5000.5X, Standard Instruction Set Architectures for Embedded Computers, (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich, J.B., 2009. Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward (Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2014. Loving Trees, Even the Messy Ones

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sotomayor and Schulten, 2007; Stafford, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sotomayor and Schulten, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Robert et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Animal Health and Production
AbbreviationTrop. Anim. Health Prod.
ISSN (print)0049-4747
ISSN (online)1573-7438
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles