How to format your references using the Tropical Animal Health and Production citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Animal Health and Production. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venter, J.C., 2010. Multiple personal genomes await Nature, 464, 676–677
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler, A. and Sandy, M., 2009. Mechanistic considerations of halogenating enzymes Nature, 460, 848–854
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, T.-H., Bhunia, S. and Mehregany, M., 2010. Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 1316–1318
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Storch, K.-F., Lipan, O., Leykin, I., Viswanathan, N., Davis, F.C., Wong, W.H. and Weitz, C.J., 2002. Extensive and divergent circadian gene expression in liver and heart Nature, 417, 78–83

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hulin, W. and Jin-Ting, Z., 2006. Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Signorini, A. (ed), 2011. Teorie non linearizzate in elasticità, idrodinamica, aerodinamica, (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Imamura, T., Yamada, S. and Machida, M., 2006. Over 10 TFLOPS Computation for a Huge Sparse Eigensolver on the Earth Simulator In:, M. Resch , T. Bönisch , K. Benkert , W. Bez , T. Furui , and Y. Seo (eds), High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005, (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg), 51–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Animal Health and Production.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Check Out This See-Through Spider (IFLScience)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Aviation Safety: FAA Efforts Have Improved Safety, but Challenges Remain in Key Areas, (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yildiz, S., 2015. Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems (California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venter, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Butler and Sandy, 2009; Venter, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butler and Sandy, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Storch et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Animal Health and Production
AbbreviationTrop. Anim. Health Prod.
ISSN (print)0049-4747
ISSN (online)1573-7438
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

Other styles