How to format your references using the Fitoterapia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fitoterapia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Aspinall, Check your legal position before advising others, Nature. 477 (2011) 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Li, J.C. Izpisua Belmonte, Ageing: Genetic rejuvenation of old muscle, Nature. 506 (2014) 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.H. Levine, Y. Lin, M.B. Elowitz, Functional roles of pulsing in genetic circuits, Science. 342 (2013) 1193–1200.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F.G. Kuruvilla, A.F. Shamji, S.M. Sternson, P.J. Hergenrother, S.L. Schreiber, Dissecting glucose signalling with diversity-oriented synthesis and small-molecule microarrays, Nature. 416 (2002) 653–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Raz, A. Juhola, J. Serrat-Fernandez, A. Galis, Fast and Efficient Context-Aware Services, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
E. Rubin, K. Sakamoto, eds., Modulation of Protein Stability in Cancer Therapy, Springer US, New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Shrestha, P. Kindlmann, S.R. Jnawali, Interactions Between the Himalayan Tahr, Livestock and Snow Leopards in the Sagarmatha National Park, in: P. Kindlmann (Ed.), Himalayan Biodiversity in the Changing World, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 115–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fitoterapia.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Slowdown Of Brain’s Waste Removal System Could Drive Alzheimer’s, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Women’s Educational Equity Act: A Review of Program Goals and Strategies Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Schulz, Factors Affecting Prey Availability and Habitat Usage of Wintering Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in Coastal Louisiana, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Johnson, The Gradual Extinction of Accepted Truths, New York Times. (2015) D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFitoterapia
ISSN (print)0367-326X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Drug Discovery

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