How to format your references using the Fitoterapia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fitoterapia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Donnelly, Genome-sequencing anniversary. Making sense of the data, Science. 331 (2011) 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.P. Singh, A.L. Cowie, Long-term influence of biochar on native organic carbon mineralisation in a low-carbon clayey soil, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3687.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Liu, R.J. Baskin, S.C. Kowalczykowski, DNA unwinding heterogeneity by RecBCD results from static molecules able to equilibrate, Nature. 500 (2013) 482–485.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Hu, W.K. Raja, B. An, O. Tokareva, P. Cebe, D.L. Kaplan, Stability of silk and collagen protein materials in space, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Dauphiné, Fractal Geography, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Y.A. Huang, Acoustic MIMO Signal Processing, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Casanovas, J. Zeleznikow, Online Dispute Resolution and Models of Relational Law and Justice: A Table of Ethical Principles, in: P. Casanovas, U. Pagallo, M. Palmirani, G. Sartor (Eds.), AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems: AICOL 2013 International Workshops, AICOL-IV@IVR, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, July 21-27, 2013 and AICOL-V@SINTELNET-JURIX, Bologna, Italy, December 11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 54–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fitoterapia.

Blog post
T. Hale, Hundreds Of Laboratory-Riased Chimpanzees Are About To Experience Freedom For The First Time, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Funding: Aviation Industry Changes Affect Airport Development Costs and Financing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.Q. Weaver, Relationships between leadership practices of founders and successors and economic performance of select family businesses, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Solving a Dress-Design Sudoku, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFitoterapia
ISSN (print)0367-326X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Drug Discovery

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