How to format your references using the Fitoterapia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fitoterapia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Lučić, Neuroscience: towards unified vesicle endocytosis, Nature. 515 (2014) 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Smaglik, A. Smith, Biotech jobs are still around despite the recent bumpy ride, Nature. 418 (2002) 4–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Maduwage, M.A. O’Leary, G.K. Isbister, Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4827.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Conway, G. Catania, C.F. Raymond, A.M. Gades, T.A. Scambos, H. Engelhardt, Switch of flow direction in an Antarctic ice stream, Nature. 419 (2002) 465–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Coles, D.G. Hawkins, MIDAS Technical Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
H. Salmela, A. Sell, eds., Nordic Contributions in IS Research: Second Scandinavian Conference, on Information Systems, SCIS 2011, Turku, Finland, August 16-19, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A.M. Geoffrion, G.W. Graves§, Multicommodity Distribution System Design by Benders Decomposition * † ‡, in: M.S. Sodhi, C.S. Tang (Eds.), A Long View of Research and Practice in Operations Research and Management Science: The Past and the Future, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 35–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fitoterapia.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Harambe The Gorilla Put Zoo In A Lose-Lose Situation – By Being Himself, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Escamilla, How performance following the implementation of a new structure affects employee engagement, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Seizing the Day, Hankie in Hand, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFitoterapia
ISSN (print)0367-326X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Drug Discovery

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