How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilker, J. J. (2015). “BIOLOGICAL ADHESIVES. Positive charges and underwater adhesion.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6248), 582–583.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolar, C. S., and Lodge, D. M. (2002). “Ecological predictions and risk assessment for alien fishes in North America.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1233–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto, S., Furlan, R. L. E., and Sanders, J. K. M. (2002). “Selection and amplification of hosts from dynamic combinatorial libraries of macrocyclic disulfides.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 590–593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D. A., Schwarz, N., and Stone, A. A. (2004). “A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: the day reconstruction method.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5702), 1776–1780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas, M. (2015). Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maiuri, M. C., and De Stefano, D. (Eds.). (2016). Autophagy Networks in Inflammation. Progress in Inflammation Research, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J. C. H., and Wu, H. A. (2013). “Aesthetic Creativity: Bridging Arts, Culture, and Education.” Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China, Landscapes: the Arts, Aesthetics, and Education, S. Leong and B. W. Leung, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). “Four Myths About Diabetes Debunked.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmed, S. (2013). “Human fatigue in prolonged mentally demanding work-tasks: An observational study in the field.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. (2002). “Postmodern Conveniences.” New York Times, 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilker 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kolar and Lodge 2002; Wilker 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kolar and Lodge 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kahneman et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0733-9399
ISSN (online)1943-7889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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