How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luber-Narod, J. (2000). “Soft money is hard to find.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5491), 453b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, M.-X., and Wang, X. (2014). “Parallel photonic quantum computation assisted by quantum dots in one-side optical microcavities.” Scientific reports, 4, 5732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldman, S. A., Nedergaard, M., and Windrem, M. S. (2012). “Glial progenitor cell-based treatment and modeling of neurological disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 491–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lorenz, L., Axnick, J., Buschmann, T., Henning, C., Urner, S., Fang, S., Nurmi, H., Eichhorst, N., Holtmeier, R., Bódis, K., Hwang, J.-H., Müssig, K., Eberhard, D., Stypmann, J., Kuss, O., Roden, M., Alitalo, K., Häussinger, D., and Lammert, E. (2018). “Mechanosensing by β1 integrin induces angiocrine signals for liver growth and survival.” Nature, 562(7725), 128–132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deacon, M., Derry, A., and Mirfendereski, D. (2004). Inflation-indexed Securities. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wang, J. G. (2013). Who Gets Funds from China’s Capital Market?: A Micro View of China’s Economy via Case Studies on Listed Chinese SMEs. SpringerBriefs in Business, (J. Yang, ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Stival, C., Puga Molina, L. del C., Paudel, B., Buffone, M. G., Visconti, P. E., and Krapf, D. (2016). “Sperm Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction in Mammalian Sperm.” Sperm Acrosome Biogenesis and Function During Fertilization, Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology, M. G. Buffone, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “A New Space Race Is On To Bring The Internet To The Whole World.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Intermodal Transportation: A Variety of Factors Influence Airport-Intercity Passenger Rail Connectivity. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spencer, K. H. (2008). “Exploring the impact of problem -focused case writing pedagogy on novice teachers’ beliefs and practices concerning effective instructional intervention for young children and families.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). “Dempsey’s Hat Trick Seals a Win and Steadies a World Cup Campaign.” New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luber-Narod 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Luber-Narod 2000; Luo and Wang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Wang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lorenz et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0733-9399
ISSN (online)1943-7889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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