How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, R. S. (2014). “Neuroscience. The Michael Jackson fly.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappaport, S. M., and Smith, M. T. (2010). “Epidemiology. Environment and disease risks.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 460–461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, P., van Dam, J. A., and Kouwenhoven, L. P. (2006). “Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes.” Nature, 439(7079), 953–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shimojima, M., Miyazawa, T., Ikeda, Y., McMonagle, E. L., Haining, H., Akashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Hosie, M. J., and Willett, B. J. (2004). “Use of CD134 as a primary receptor by the feline immunodeficiency virus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1192–1195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller, F. J. (2011). Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dong, G., Lin, X., Wang, W., Yang, Y., and Yu, J. X. (Eds.). (2007). Advances in Data and Web Management: Joint 9th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2007, and 8th International Conference, on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowe, M. L., Rychtář, J., Rueppell, O., Chhetri, M., Remington, D. L., and Gupta, S. N. (2013). “Proving the ‘Proof’: Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research Positively Impacts Students.” Topics from the 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, J. Rychtář, S. Gupta, R. Shivaji, and M. Chhetri, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). “These Doomsday Shelters For The 1% Make Up The Largest Private Bunker Community On Earth.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soto, M. (2009). “Barriers among Hispanic adults on dialysis that affect medication compliance.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). “Machines.” New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mann 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mann 2014; Rappaport and Smith 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappaport and Smith 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimojima et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0733-9399
ISSN (online)1943-7889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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