How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nagaosa, N. 2007. “Physics. A new state of quantum matter.” Science, 318 (5851): 758–759.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oda, Y., and H. Fukuda. 2012. “Initiation of cell wall pattern by a Rho- and microtubule-driven symmetry breaking.” Science, 337 (6100): 1333–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutzoni, F., M. Pagel, and V. Reeb. 2001. “Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors.” Nature, 411 (6840): 937–940.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Akahane, Y., T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda. 2003. “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal.” Nature, 425 (6961): 944–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley, D. 2017. Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bonfiglio, A., and D. De Rossi (Eds.). 2011. Wearable Monitoring Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Donovan, G. T. 2014. “Opening Proprietary Ecologies.” Methodological Challenges When Exploring Digital Learning Spaces in Education, G. B. Gudmundsdottir and K. B. Vasbø, eds., 65–77. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. “Biologists Are Hoping A ‘Tinder For Orangutans’ Will Get Females To Swipe Right.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. DOD Service Academies: Academy Preparatory Schools Need a Clearer Mission and Better Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J. L. 2012. “The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study.” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coscarelli, J., M. Ryzik, and B. Sisario. 2017. “Anger, Lawsuits and Inquiry Follow Music Festival’s Failure.” New York Times, May 21, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nagaosa 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Nagaosa 2007; Oda and Fukuda 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oda and Fukuda 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Akahane et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0733-9399
ISSN (online)1943-7889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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