How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wojchowski, D. 2011. “Eugene Goldwasser (1922-2010).” Nature, 470 (7332): 40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine, M., and R. Tjian. 2003. “Transcription regulation and animal diversity.” Nature, 424 (6945): 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue, J.-D., Y.-R. Zhang, and H. Fan. 2014. “Quantum-enhanced metrology for multiple phase estimation with noise.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsuzaki, M., N. Honkura, G. C. R. Ellis-Davies, and H. Kasai. 2004. “Structural basis of long-term potentiation in single dendritic spines.” Nature, 429 (6993): 761–766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, R. 2010. Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Coskun, H. G., H. K. Cigizoglu, and M. D. Maktav (Eds.). 2008. Integration of Information for Environmental Security. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Moritz, N., S. Goetze, and J.-E. Appell. 2011. “Ambient Voice Control for a Personal Activity and Household Assistant.” Ambient Assisted Living: 4. AAL-Kongress 2011, Berlin, Germany, January 25–26, 2011, R. Wichert and B. Eberhardt, eds., 63–74. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Tyrannosaurs Ate One Another.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Resource Management Internal Control Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua, V. 2015. “Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field.” Doctoral dissertation. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J. 2015. “A Description as Enigmatic as How to Escape a Slump.” New York Times, December 19, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wojchowski 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Levine and Tjian 2003; Wojchowski 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine and Tjian 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuzaki et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0733-9399
ISSN (online)1943-7889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles