How to format your references using the Computational and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science 288:1986
A journal article with 2 authors
Engdahl A, Nelander B (2002) The vibrational spectrum of H2O3. Science 295:482–483
A journal article with 3 authors
Nozaki T, Kato Y, Suzuki K (2013) Late Jurassic ocean anoxic event: evidence from voluminous sulphide deposition and preservation in the Panthalassa. Sci Rep 3:1889
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goss KH, Risinger MA, Kordich JJ, et al (2002) Enhanced tumor formation in mice heterozygous for Blm mutation. Science 297:2051–2053

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia T, Anzur T (2011) Power Performance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Brint ME (2009) Integrated Science: New Approaches to Education. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Schreiber FA, Roveri M (2015) Sensors and Wireless Sensor Networks as Data Sources: Models and Languages. In: Colace F, De Santo M, Moscato V, et al. (eds) Data Management in Pervasive Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Stalagmites Help Scientists Trace Ancient Wildfires. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Regulatory Flexibility in Schools: What Happens When Schools Are Allowed to Change the Rules? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reece JK (2017) Reservoir Facies Analysis of Middle Miocene Turbidites in Marlin, Dorado, and Nile Fields; Viosca Knoll, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) Filipino Fast Food to Linger Over. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Engdahl and Nelander 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engdahl and Nelander 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Goss et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationComput. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0101-8205
ISSN (online)1807-0302
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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