How to format your references using the Computational and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Antonucci R (2013) Astrophysics: Quasars still defy explanation. Nature 495:165–167
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang J, Reth M (2010) Oligomeric organization of the B-cell antigen receptor on resting cells. Nature 467:465–469
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Meng H, Bao Z (2001) Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors. Nature 413:713–716
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Slota M, Keerthi A, Myers WK, et al (2018) Publisher Correction: Magnetic edge states and coherent manipulation of graphene nanoribbons. Nature 561:E31

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen J (2017) Chemiereaktoren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Satapathy SC, Bhatt YC, Joshi A, Mishra DK (eds) (2016) Proceedings of the International Congress on Information and Communication Technology: ICICT 2015, Volume 1. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Tairas R, Cabot J (2012) Cloning in DSLs: Experiments with OCL. In: Sloane A, Aßmann U (eds) Software Language Engineering: 4th International Conference, SLE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 60–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Two Scientists Contemplate If Aliens Are Behind Fast Radio Bursts. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Does DOD Need a Dedicated System of High Altitude Satellites To Meet Its Strategic Communications Requirements for the Next Decade? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Machula M (2014) Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity. New York Times CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Antonucci 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Yang and Reth 2010; Antonucci 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Reth 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Slota et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationComput. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0101-8205
ISSN (online)1807-0302
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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