How to format your references using the Computational and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans A (2000) Plant biology. Volatile defence. Nature 408:785
A journal article with 2 authors
Sablowski R, Harberd NP (2005) Plant sciences. Plant genes on steroids. Science 307:1569–1570
A journal article with 3 authors
Turvey ST, Green OR, Holdaway RN (2005) Cortical growth marks reveal extended juvenile development in New Zealand moa. Nature 435:940–943
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ishiba T, Nagahara M, Nakagawa T, et al (2014) Periostin suppression induces decorin secretion leading to reduced breast cancer cell motility and invasion. Sci Rep 4:7069

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ (2005) Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Campbell HEAE (2011) Modular Invariant Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Alepis E, Virvou M (2014) Extending Mobile Personalization to Students with Special Needs. In: Virvou M (ed) Object-Oriented User Interfaces for Personalized Mobile Learning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) If You Use One Of These Popular Internet Services, You Need To Change Your Password Right Now. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes-Rodriguez GJ (2013) Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne: Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Sophisticated Takeout. New York Times NJ16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tromans 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Tromans 2000; Sablowski and Harberd 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sablowski and Harberd 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishiba et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationComput. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0101-8205
ISSN (online)1807-0302
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

Other styles