How to format your references using the Computational and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland DE Jr (2007) Philosophy of science. The Cha-Cha-Cha Theory of Scientific Discovery. Science 317:761–762
A journal article with 2 authors
Tham W-H, Kennedy AT (2015) Malaria: a master lock for deadly parasites. Nature 522:158–159
A journal article with 3 authors
Torres MA, West AJ, Li G (2014) Sulphide oxidation and carbonate dissolution as a source of CO2 over geological timescales. Nature 507:346–349
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gopal J, Hasan N, Manikandan M, Wu H-F (2013) Bacterial toxicity/compatibility of platinum nanospheres, nanocuboids and nanoflowers. Sci Rep 3:1260

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balfour A (2012) Solomon’s Temple. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Eliassen F, Kapitza R (eds) (2010) Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 10th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yan X, Han J (2010) Graph Indexing. In: Aggarwal CC, Wang H (eds) Managing and Mining Graph Data. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 161–180

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Is Elon Musk Building An Iron Man Suit? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) No Child Left Behind Act: Improved Accessibility to Education’s Information Could Help States Further Implement Teacher Qualification Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laskey E (2013) Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte L (2011) Scouting Report. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Koshland 2007; Tham and Kennedy 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tham and Kennedy 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gopal et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationComput. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0101-8205
ISSN (online)1807-0302
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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