How to format your references using the Computational and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DC (2001) Marine biology. Expansion of the marine Archaea. Science 293:56–57
A journal article with 2 authors
Costa S, Shaw P (2006) Chromatin organization and cell fate switch respond to positional information in Arabidopsis. Nature 439:493–496
A journal article with 3 authors
Vielle-Calzada JP, Baskar R, Grossniklaus U (2000) Delayed activation of the paternal genome during seed development. Nature 404:91–94
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blanford S, Chan BHK, Jenkins N, et al (2005) Fungal pathogen reduces potential for malaria transmission. Science 308:1638–1641

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker D (2016) International Valuation Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
O’Leary BL, Capelotti PJ (eds) (2015) Archaeology and Heritage of the Human Movement into Space. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Henry BW, Malu KF (2011) Coaching, Mentoring, and Supervision for Workplace Learning. In: Hafler JP (ed) Extraordinary Learning in the Workplace. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 63–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Feral Girl Found With Monkeys In A Forest In India. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Library Services for Those with Disabilities: Additional Steps Needed to Ease Access to Services and Modernize Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gustus CH (2017) E-Mentoring an Educator in a State School for the Deaf: An Action Research Study. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL (2017) Art Deco Comfort by the French Quarter. New York Times TR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2001; Costa and Shaw 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Costa and Shaw 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Blanford et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationComput. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0101-8205
ISSN (online)1807-0302
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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