How to format your references using the Trends in Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Letvin, N.L. (2009) Virology. Moving forward in HIV vaccine development. Science 326, 1196–1198
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan, K.K. and Seeley, R.J. (2013) Physiology. Food as a hormone. Science 339, 918–919
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S. et al. (2014) A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci. Rep. 4, 5659
A journal article with 3 or more authors
He, X. et al. (2005) The zinc finger transcription factor Th-POK regulates CD4 versus CD8 T-cell lineage commitment. Nature 433, 826–833

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banerjee, S. and Lawrence, V. (2010) Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhu, M. (2015) Distributed Optimization-Based Control of Multi-Agent Networks in Complex Environments, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauby, P. (2014) Water Globalization: The Strategies of the Two French “Majors.” In Globalized Water: A Question of Governance (Schneier-Madanes, G., ed), pp. 45–61, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Plant Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 27-May-(2015) , A Matter Of Degrees: Why 2C Warming Is Officially Unsafe. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Younis, K.M. (2013) , The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. 08-Oct-(2017) , To Say Hello To Dolly, Say Bye to $1,009. , New York Times, C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Plant Science
AbbreviationTrends Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1360-1385
ISSN (online)1878-4372
ScopePlant Science

Other styles