How to format your references using the Trends in Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dagotto, E. (2007) PHYSICS. When oxides meet face to face. Science 318, 1076–1077
A journal article with 2 authors
Voss, R. and Nelemans, G. (2008) Discovery of the progenitor of the type Ia supernova 2007on. Nature 451, 802–804
A journal article with 3 authors
Sørensen, T.L.-M. et al. (2004) Phosphoryl transfer and calcium ion occlusion in the calcium pump. Science 304, 1672–1675
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Scheel, O. et al. (2005) Voltage-dependent electrogenic chloride/proton exchange by endosomal CLC proteins. Nature 436, 424–427

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, P. and Hampton, D. (2012) Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Caner, A. et al., eds. (2016) Developments in International Bridge Engineering: Selected Papers from Istanbul Bridge Conference 2014, (1st ed. 2016.), 9, Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Kaszniak, A.W. (2011) Meditation, Mindfulness, Cognition, and Emotion: Implications for Community-Based Older Adult Programs. In Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults: A Guide to the Use and Development of Community-Based Programs (Hartman-Stein, P. E. and LaRue, A., eds), pp. 85–104, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Plant Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Jumping Spiders See Reds Thanks to Sunglasses-Like Filter. IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness Improving But Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa, E.L. (2012) Mental health issues and use of health care services among older immigrant women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010) Top Hats, Bottom PricesNew York Times, E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Plant Science
AbbreviationTrends Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)1360-1385
ISSN (online)1878-4372
ScopePlant Science

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