How to format your references using the Advances in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reedijk J. Chemistry. Dioxygen surprises. Science. 2005;308:1876–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jupp T, Schultz A. A thermodynamic explanation for black smoker temperatures. Nature. 2000;403:880–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Holmberg VC, Panthani MG, Korgel BA. Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science. 2009;326:405–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brenner R, Peréz GJ, Bonev AD, Eckman DM, Kosek JC, Wiler SW, et al. Vasoregulation by the beta1 subunit of the calcium-activated potassium channel. Nature. 2000;407:870–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wilmshurst L. Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Burke EK, Kendall G, editors. Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mühlberg JT, Cleemput S, Mustafa MA, Van Bulck J, Preneel B, Piessens F. An Implementation of a High Assurance Smart Meter Using Protected Module Architectures. In: Foresti S, Lopez J, editors. Information Security Theory and Practice: 10th IFIP WG 112 International Conference, WISTP 2016, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 26–27, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Before We Build Jurassic World We Need To Study Recent Extinctions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Department of the Interior’s Computerized Resources Information Bank. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jul. Report No.: EMD-78-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Slayton KA. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rueck K. “ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS”; What’s a Stewardess. New York Times. 1972 Jun 11;travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Therapy
AbbreviationAdv. Ther.
ISSN (print)0741-238X
ISSN (online)1865-8652
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles