How to format your references using the Advances in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mandavilli A. Reinventing an industry. Nature. 2007;445:138–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stott PA, Thorne PW. How best to log local temperatures? Nature. 2010;465:158–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bruhn D, Groebner N, Kohlstedt DL. An interconnected network of core-forming melts produced by shear deformation. Nature. 2000;403:883–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liljegren SJ, Ditta GS, Eshed Y, Savidge B, Bowman JL, Yanofsky MF. SHATTERPROOF MADS-box genes control seed dispersal in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2000;404:766–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nasr VG, DiNardo JA. The Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Stamm M, editor. Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces: Characterization, Modification and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mali KP, Singh K, Kotwal PC, Omprakash MD. Strengthening Forest Resource Valuation and Accounting System: A Case of Forest Resources of Kerala, India. In: Ghosh N, Mukhopadhyay P, Shah A, Panda M, editors. Nature, Economy and Society: Understanding the Linkages. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. p. 87–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Mantis Shrimps Roll Their Eyes For Better Vision [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-315.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Piper MH. A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burns A, Shear MD. Trump Turmoil Is Confounding G.O.P. Agenda. New York Times. 2017 Jul 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Therapy
AbbreviationAdv. Ther.
ISSN (print)0741-238X
ISSN (online)1865-8652
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

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