How to format your references using the Advances in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cho A. Computer science. Quantum or not, controversial computer yields no speedup. Science. 2014;344:1330–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sabel T, Zschocher M. Transition of refractive index contrast in course of grating growth. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2552.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stebe KJ, Lewandowski E, Ghosh M. Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science. 2009;325:159–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Földvári-Nagy L, Ari E, Csermely P, Korcsmáros T, Vellai T. Starvation-response may not involve Atg1-dependent autophagy induction in non-unikont parasites. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paret D, Riesco R. RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Resch-Genger U, editor. Standardization and Quality Assurance in Fluorescence Measurements I: Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Belopolskaya Y. Probabilistic Counterparts for Strongly Coupled Parabolic Systems. In: Melas VB, Mignani S, Monari P, Salmaso L, editors. Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Sensor Breakthrough Could Enable Smartphones To Detect Air Pollution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jun. Report No.: RCED-88-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lucky-Medford L. A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Boucher B. Between Fable and Fact. New York Times. 2017 Sep 8;BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Therapy
AbbreviationAdv. Ther.
ISSN (print)0741-238X
ISSN (online)1865-8652
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

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