How to format your references using the Environmental Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May RM (2004) Raising Europe’s game. Nature 430:831–832
A journal article with 2 authors
Li Y, Zhang Z (2014) Potential microRNA-mediated oncogenic intercellular communication revealed by pan-cancer analysis. Sci Rep 4:7097
A journal article with 3 authors
Song J, Ji C, Zhang JZH (2013) Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Sci Rep 3:3566
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wolf M, van Doorn GS, Leimar O, Weissing FJ (2007) Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities. Nature 447:581–584

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marlet R (2012) Program Specialization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Saminger-Platz S, Mesiar R (eds) (2016) On Logical, Algebraic, and Probabilistic Aspects of Fuzzy Set Theory, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
De Leenheer P, Mens T (2008) Using Graph Transformation to Support Collaborative Ontology Evolution. In: Schürr A, Nagl M, Zündorf A (eds) Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: Third International Symposium, AGTIVE 2007, Kassel, Germany, October 10-12, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 44–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Six Reasons Why Food Is A Really Big Deal. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/six-reasons-why-food-is-a-really-big-deal/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Cuban Embargo: Selected Issues Relating to Travel, Exports, and Telecommunications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware SC (2014) Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in older women: A modifiable lifestyle risk factor. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) Mott Street as a Path to Revolution For the Father of Modern China. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2004).
This sentence cites two references (May 2004; Li and Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Zhang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wolf et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationEnviron. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1610-3653
ISSN (online)1610-3661
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry

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