How to format your references using the Environmental Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman MR (2009) Physics. Chasing arcs in cuprate superconductors. Science 325:1080–1081
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz RE, Sebastian T (2013) Electromagnetic limits to radiofrequency (RF) neuronal telemetry. Sci Rep 3:3535
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellison CRW, Chapman MR, Hall IR (2006) Surface and deep ocean interactions during the cold climate event 8200 years ago. Science 312:1929–1932
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xu Z, Dong Y, Wang H, et al (2014) Age-dependent postoperative cognitive impairment and Alzheimer-related neuropathology in mice. Sci Rep 4:3766

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good PI (2013) Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gilinsky A (ed) (2015) Crafting Sustainable Wine Businesses: Concepts and Cases. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou J, Wen C (2008) Decentralized Stabilization of Interconnected Systems. In: Wen C (ed) Adaptive Backstepping Control of Uncertain Systems: Nonsmooth Nonlinearities, Interactions or Time-Variations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Find Stone Tools That Predate Humanity. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Advanced Airborne Command Post Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blalock JM (2014) The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A phenomenological hermeneutic exploration of golf’s primordial place. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney A, Lovett I, Rojas R (2015) Community Struck by Massacre Seemed on Verge of Turnaround. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Norman 2009; Diaz and Sebastian 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diaz and Sebastian 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationEnviron. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1610-3653
ISSN (online)1610-3661
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry

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