How to format your references using the Environmental Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harley D (2013) Scholarly communication: cultural contexts, evolving models. Science 342:80–82
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang G, Zhou L (2014) Zwitterionic versus canonical amino acids over the various defects in zeolites: a two-layer ONIOM calculation. Sci Rep 4:6594
A journal article with 3 authors
Winter SS, Clark BJ, Taube JS (2015) Spatial navigation. Disruption of the head direction cell network impairs the parahippocampal grid cell signal. Science 347:870–874
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang QM, Li H, Poh M, et al (2002) An all-organic composite actuator material with a high dielectric constant. Nature 419:284–287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega P (2010) Geographical Information and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Beziau J-Y, Chakraborty M, Dutta S (eds) (2015) New Directions in Paraconsistent Logic: 5th WCP, Kolkata, India, February 2014, 1st ed. 2015. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Popescu-Zeletin R, Radusch I, Rigani MA (2010) Information in the Vehicular Network. In: Radusch I, Rigani MA (eds) Vehicular-2-X Communication: State-of-the-Art and Research in Mobile Vehicular Ad hoc Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Meet The Animals Who Live INSIDE Volcanoes. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/can-animals-live-inside-active-volcano/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Meeting the Government’s Technology Challenge: Results of a GAO Symposium. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams AA (2009) A study of the attitudes and opinions of southwest Missouri educators regarding the value and outcome of the performance based teacher evaluation process. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy P, Stockman F (2016) Public Rattled as Campaign Turns Coarser. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harley 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Harley 2013; Yang and Zhou 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhou 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationEnviron. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1610-3653
ISSN (online)1610-3661
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry

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