How to format your references using the Trends in Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sodeoka, M. (2011) Chemistry. Efficient fluorination of organic molecules with chiral anions. Science 334, 1651–1652
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi, T.I. and Hansen, K.C. (2005) Saturn’s variable magnetosphere. Science 307, 1224–1226
A journal article with 3 authors
Lazzaro, B.P. et al. (2004) Genetic basis of natural variation in D. melanogaster antibacterial immunity. Science 303, 1873–1876
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Turk, D. et al. (2001) Remotely sensed biological production in the equatorial Pacific. Science 293, 471–474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel, F. (2014) Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rissanen, K., ed. (2012) Advanced X-Ray Crystallography, 315Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neergheen-Bhujun, V.S. et al. (2012) Dietary Biofactors in the Management of Cancer: Myth or Reality? In Nutrition, Diet and Cancer (Shankar, S. and Srivastava, R. K., eds), pp. 109–127, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Parasitology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 29-Aug-(2014) , An Entangled Portrait of Schrödinger’s Cat. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available:ödinger’s-cat/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) School-Linked Human Services: A Comprehensive Strategy for Aiding Students at Risk of School Failure, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gokhin, D.S. (2009) , Structural and functional roles of nebulin in skeletal muscle. , Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 02-Oct-(2014) , With Ban on Wrestling Between Boys and Girls, Diocese Faces a Crossroads. , New York Times, B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Parasitology
AbbreviationTrends Parasitol.
ISSN (print)1471-4922
ISSN (online)1471-5007
Infectious Diseases

Other styles