How to format your references using the Trends in Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M. (2013) Urban planning: Monumental knock-offs. Nature 494, 427–428
A journal article with 2 authors
Murphy, K.G. and Bloom, S.R. (2006) Gut hormones and the regulation of energy homeostasis. Nature 444, 854–859
A journal article with 3 authors
Salvadori, M.R. et al. (2014) Nickel oxide nanoparticles film produced by dead biomass of filamentous fungus. Sci. Rep. 4, 6404
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Ruby, N.F. et al. (2002) Role of melanopsin in circadian responses to light. Science 298, 2211–2213

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cofnas, A. (2011) Trading Binary Options, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rebeiro, C. (2015) Timing Channels in Cryptography: A Micro-Architectural Perspective, Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Gaudou, B. et al. (2012) How to Do Social Simulation in Logic: Modelling the Segregation Game in a Dynamic Logic of Assignments. In Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XII: International Workshop, MABS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Villatoro, D. et al., eds), pp. 59–73, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Parasitology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015) New Particle Discovered At The Large Hadron Collider. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas, D. (2010) The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017) The Coda to a Remarkable Career: Barbara Cook Has RetiredNew York Times, A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Parasitology
AbbreviationTrends Parasitol.
ISSN (print)1471-4922
ISSN (online)1471-5007
Infectious Diseases

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