How to format your references using the Trends in Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haag, A. (2007) Alternatives in Colorado. Nature 446, 578–579
A journal article with 2 authors
Appavoo, K. and Haglund, R.F., Jr (2014) Polarization selective phase-change nanomodulator. Sci. Rep. 4, 6771
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber, W. et al. (2001) Magnetization precession by hot spin injection. Science 291, 1015–1018
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Chen, S.-T. et al. (2008) CLEC5A is critical for dengue-virus-induced lethal disease. Nature 453, 672–676

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K. and Aardema, F. (2011) Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Aspray, W. (2014) Formal and Informal Approaches to Food Policy, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, J.R. (2005) Naturalism, Pictures, and Platonic Intuitions. In Visualization, Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics (Mancosu, P. et al., eds), pp. 57–73, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 09-Jul-(2014) , Algae Study Sheds Light On The Evolution Of Sexes. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Augeri, J.E. (2015) , Supportive Services for Homeless Veteran Women: Policy Implementation and Discretionary Practices of Those at the Front-Lines of Public Service. , Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, J. 06-Feb-(2017) , Executive Power Run Amok. , New York Times, A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Parasitology
AbbreviationTrends Parasitol.
ISSN (print)1471-4922
ISSN (online)1471-5007
Infectious Diseases

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