How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S. (2004). Getting the meaning. Nature, 428(6984), 776.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feldmann, M., & Steinman, L. (2005). Design of effective immunotherapy for human autoimmunity. Nature, 435(7042), 612–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Durack, P. J., Wijffels, S. E., & Matear, R. J. (2012). Ocean salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6080), 455–458.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, J.-B., Yuan, Y.-R., Meister, G., Pei, Y., Tuschl, T., & Patel, D. J. (2005). Structural basis for 5’-end-specific recognition of guide RNA by the A. fulgidus Piwi protein. Nature, 434(7033), 666–670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J. (2015). Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marcaide, J.-M., & Weiler, K. W. (Eds.). (2005). Cosmic Explosions: On the 10th Anniversary of SN1993J (IAU Colloquium 192) (Vol. 99). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agrawal, A., & Gopal, K. (2013). Challenges of Fish Diversity in Polluted Water. In K. Gopal (Ed.), Biomonitoring of Water and Waste Water (pp. 49–57). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 26). You Can Get Virtual Reality Systems Amazingly Cheap Now - Here’s Everything You Need To Know Before Buying One For Christmas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives (GAO-15-506). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman, K. A. (2017). Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., & Romero, S. (2015, May 16). Allies Resist U.S. Strategy in Drug Fight. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham, 2004; Feldmann & Steinman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feldmann & Steinman, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Durack et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ma et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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