How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, C. (2004). HIV/AIDS in Asia. A time for action. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esler, W. P., & Wolfe, M. S. (2001). A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1449–1454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, S. A., Bezrukov, S. M., & Zimmerberg, J. (2000). A voltage-dependent channel involved in nutrient uptake by red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite. Nature, 406(6799), 1001–1005.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Belonoshko, A. B., Ramzan, M., Mao, H.-K., & Ahuja, R. (2013). Atomic diffusion in solid molecular hydrogen. Scientific Reports, 3, 2340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sage, A. P., & Rouse, W. B. (2011). Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Moed, H. F., Glänzel, W., & Schmoch, U. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research: The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Banerjee, S., & Mery, D. (2016). Iris Segmentation Using Geodesic Active Contours and GrabCut. In F. Huang & A. Sugimoto (Eds.), Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops: RV 2015, GPID 2013, VG 2015, EO4AS 2015, MCBMIIA 2015, and VSWS 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, November 23-27, 2015. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 48–60). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 14). NASA Is Looking For Your Ideas To Live Off The Land On Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research (No. RCED-86-75). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, M. (2015). A policy to protect hoarders: An analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, October 8). Taking Life to the Edge, And Spins and Jumps, Too. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Esler & Wolfe, 2001; Norman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esler & Wolfe, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Desai, Bezrukov, & Zimmerberg, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Belonoshko, Ramzan, Mao, & Ahuja, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles