How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter, S. (2007). Science careers. Carving a career in translational research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 966–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan, B. E., & Rabaey, K. (2012). Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 686–690.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken, C. M., Jones, D. M., & Larter, S. R. (2004). Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs. Nature, 431(7006), 291–294.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pan, X., Lührmann, A., Satoh, A., Laskowski-Arce, M. A., & Roy, C. R. (2008). Ankyrin repeat proteins comprise a diverse family of bacterial type IV effectors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1651–1654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, W. (2009). Making RTI Work. Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Joseph, L., Mahler, M., & Auyero, J. (Eds.). (2007). New Perspectives in Political Ethnography. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Humar, A., & Matas, A. J. (2006). Kidney Transplantation. In A. J. Matas & W. D. Payne (Eds.), Atlas of Organ Transplantation (pp. 91–131). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 19). This Awesome Little 3D-Printed Robot Could One Day Help With Search And Rescue. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). NASA: Compliance with Cost Limits (GAO-04-648R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, S. A. (2017). Succession Planning Relating to the Millennial Generation in Private Four-Year Universities [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, August 30). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; A Contest of 2 Generations, Molded by 2 Different Wars. New York Times, 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Carpenter, 2007; Logan & Rabaey, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Logan & Rabaey, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Aitken et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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