How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. (2002). Misconduct: the stars who fell to earth. Nature, 420(6917), 728–729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shanahan, M. E. R., & Sefiane, K. (2014). Recalcitrant bubbles. Scientific Reports, 4, 4727.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., Hopwood, J., & Sonkusale, S. (2014). Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Scientific Reports, 4, 5964.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Butovskaya, M. L., Vasilyev, V. A., Lazebny, O. E., Suchodolskaya, E. M., Shibalev, D. V., Kulikov, A. M., … Ryskov, A. P. (2013). Aggression and polymorphisms in AR, DAT1, DRD2, and COMT genes in Datoga pastoralists of Tanzania. Scientific Reports, 3, 3148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy, O. (2005). Poromechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rashid, A., & Aksit, M. (Eds.). (2007). Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development III (Vol. 4620). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krugman, R. D. (2013). Introduction and Commentary: The Battered Child. In R. D. Krugman & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), C. Henry Kempe: A 50 Year Legacy to the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect (pp. 21–22). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 2). Could Dark Matter Be Made Up Of Miniscule Black Holes? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Deferred Maintenance Reporting: Challenges to Implementation (No. AIMD-98-42). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, L. A. (2012). A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 1). For Player, Time Away Pays Off in Upset. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fabian, 2006; Murzin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shanahan & Sefiane, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Singh, Hopwood, & Sonkusale, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahumada et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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