How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Romanowicz, B. (2008). Using seismic waves to image Earth’s internal structure. Nature, 451(7176), 266–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiermaier, E., & Sixt, M. (2015). IMMUNOLOGY. Fragmented communication between immune cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6252), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stunnenberg, H. G., Vermeulen, M., & Atlasi, Y. (2015). Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6222), 614–615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ferguson, N. M., Fraser, C., Donnelly, C. A., Ghani, A. C., & Anderson, R. M. (2004). Public health. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 968–969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop, E. (2006). Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Martini, I. P., & Chesworth, W. (Eds.). (2011). Landscapes and Societies: Selected Cases. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ronconi, D. (2016). Anatomical Illustration of the Abdominal Wall and Fat. In A. Di Giuseppe & M. A. Shiffman (Eds.), Aesthetic Plastic Surgery of the Abdomen (pp. 41–44). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 20). ISS Completes Historic 100,000th Orbit Of Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Europe (NSIAD-91-194). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, K. (2016). From Cribs to Crayons: A Study on the Use of Universal Curriculum and Assessment of Preschool Students and Teachers in the Classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Swenson, J. (2017, October 26). New Orleans Celebrates Fats Domino. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Romanowicz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kiermaier & Sixt, 2015; Romanowicz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiermaier & Sixt, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Stunnenberg et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ferguson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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