How to format your references using the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torres-Reveron, A. (2009). Hispanic people start leaping over barriers to better jobs. Nature, 460(7258), 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Y., & Daum, P. H. (2002). Anthropogenic aerosols. Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing. Nature, 419(6907), 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zobel, M., Neder, R. B., & Kimber, S. A. J. (2015). Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6219), 292–294.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Volpe, T. A., Kidner, C., Hall, I. M., Teng, G., Grewal, S. I. S., & Martienssen, R. A. (2002). Regulation of heterochromatic silencing and histone H3 lysine-9 methylation by RNAi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5588), 1833–1837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R. (2014). Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jackson, M., Nelson, D., & Stirk, S. (Eds.). (2005). Database: Enterprise, Skills and Innovation: 22nd British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 22, Sunderland, UK, July 5-7, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3567). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cisneros, L. H., Ganguly, S., Goldstein, R. E., & Kessler, J. O. (2012). Individual to Collective Dynamics of Swimming Bacteria. In S. Childress, A. Hosoi, W. W. Schultz, & J. Wang (Eds.), Natural Locomotion in Fluids and on Surfaces: Swimming, Flying, and Sliding (pp. 73–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 19). A Bizarre Foam Blob Is Taking Over A Street In California — Here’s What’s Causing It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). [Comments on Special Legislative Provision Concerning Compensation for Reemployed Retired Air Traffic Controllers] (B-234589.2). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyd, J. L. (2017). Interactive simulations: Improving learning retention in knowledge-based online training courses [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philadelphia, C. W., April 28-A single goal scored with their goaltender sprawled on his back ended the Islanders’ season tonight., Special to the New York Times In the type of grind-it-out hockey that was the trademark of the Islanders’ dynasty, The Philadelphia Flyers Defeated, 1-, captured the Patrick division title by taking the four-of-seven playoff series four games to one. The Flyers will now advance to the semifinal round of the Stanley Cup Playoffs against the Montreal Canadiens or Quebec Nordiques., Islanders, T., for the first time in seven years, have been dismissed before the semifinal round has begun. ’ ’There is no justifying losing, ’ ’ said Bryan Trottier. ’ ’It doesn’t help to think about what we’ve accomplished. You live in the present, we’re losers now.’’ ’ ’To beat the Islanders is an honor, ’ ’ said the Flyer defensman Brad Marsh. Ilkka Sinisalo, Wing, a. L., scored the night’s only goal 6 minutes 43 seconds into the second period, a split second after Philadelphia’s Peter Zezel skated into the Islanders’ goalie, Hrudey, K., Sent Him Sprawling After, Defenseman, an I., Van Hellemond that Murray Craven of the Flyers had skated offsides, H. B. D. P. I. in V. T. I. A. W. R. A., … Shots, T. A. 25. (1985, April 29). FLYERS ELIMINATE ISLANDERS, 1-0, ON SINISALO’S GOAL. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torres-Reveron, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Daum, 2002; Torres-Reveron, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Daum, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Zobel et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Volpe et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
ISSN (print)2169-9763
ISSN (online)2169-978X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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