How to format your references using the Trends in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharp, K.A. (2014) Biochemistry. Protein folding, interrupted. Science 343, 743–744
A journal article with 2 authors
Hol, F.J.H. and Dekker, C. (2014) Zooming in to see the bigger picture: microfluidic and nanofabrication tools to study bacteria. Science 346, 1251821
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubenstein, M. et al. (2014) Robotics. Programmable self-assembly in a thousand-robot swarm. Science 345, 795–799
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Brown, P. et al. (2002) The flux of small near-Earth objects colliding with the Earth. Nature 420, 294–296

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, P. (2014) Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chandraker, A. et al., eds. (2012) Core Concepts in Renal Transplantation, (1st edn) Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Casale, P. and Amft, O. (2013) Inferring Model Structures from Inertial Sensor Data in Distributed Activity Recognition. In Ambient Intelligence: 4th International Joint Conference, AmI 2013, Dublin, Ireland, December 3-5, 2013. Proceedings (Augusto, J. C. et al., eds), pp. 62–77, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 10-Jun-(2014) , Scientists Create Light-Sensitive Retina in a Dish. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Protest Against Award of Data Processing and Mailing Contract, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson, S.E. (2014) , A case of rational irrationality: Evidence of expressive interest bias in state e-commerce sales and use tax legislation. , Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. and Kitsantonis, N. 20-Feb-(2017) , Eurozone Agrees to Greece Debt Talks in Exchange for Bailout Payments. , New York Times, B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Genetics
AbbreviationTrends Genet.
ISSN (print)0168-9525

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