How to format your references using the Trends in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens, B. (2014) Cell physiology: The changing colour of fat. Nature 508, S52-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Quist, D. and Chapela, I.H. (2001) Transgenic DNA introgressed into traditional maize landraces in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nature 414, 541–543
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, H. et al. (2013) Chaotic Ising-like dynamics in traffic signals. Sci. Rep. 3, 1127
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Suematsu, S. et al. (2013) Effects of barley chromosome addition to wheat on behavior and development of Locusta migratoria nymphs. Sci. Rep. 3, 2577

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, A.K. (2014) Intracellular Calcium, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tsikalas, F. et al., eds. (2011) The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arai, T. and Harino, H. (2009) Contamination by Organotin Compounds in Asia. In Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides (Arai, T. et al., eds), pp. 61–74, Springer Japan

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Genetics.

Blog post
Davis, J. 28-Jun-(2016) , Wild Pigs Forage – And Sleep – Along Magnetic Lines. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Educational Programs in the Public Schools of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morikawa, T. (2010) , Aerodynamic analysis of an over-the-wing engine-mount aircraft. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 27-Nov-(2003) , Bolshoi Ballet Told to Rehire The Ballerina It Dismissed. , New York Times, E10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Genetics
AbbreviationTrends Genet.
ISSN (print)0168-9525

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