How to format your references using the Trends in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Girardi, L. (2014) Astronomy. One good cosmic measure. Science 345, 1001–1002
A journal article with 2 authors
Rykaczewski, R.R. and Dunne, J.P. (2011) A measured look at ocean chlorophyll trends. Nature 472, E5-6; discussion E8-9
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiedemann, N. et al. (2009) Cell biology. Connecting organelles. Science 325, 403–404
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Li, X. et al. (2014) A designed peptide targeting CXCR4 displays anti-acute myelocytic leukemia activity in vitro and in vivo. Sci. Rep. 4, 6610

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, M.A. (2011) Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balla, T. et al., eds. (2012) Phosphoinositides II: The Diverse Biological Functions, 59Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, G. et al. (2013) Development of Advanced Thermal Management Materials. In Advanced Thermal Management Materials (Diao, L. and Kuang, K., eds), pp. 45–71, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 17-Jul-(2014) , Fossilized Brain of World’s Earliest Predator Found. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Month In Review, July 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuquero, J.M. (2010) , A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs. , Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 01-Jun-(2003) , You Talkin’ to Me? Less and Less These Days. , New York Times, 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Genetics
AbbreviationTrends Genet.
ISSN (print)0168-9525

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