How to format your references using the Trends in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coste, B. (2012) Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure. Science 338, 59
A journal article with 2 authors
Stein, E. and Tessier-Lavigne, M. (2001) Hierarchical organization of guidance receptors: silencing of netrin attraction by slit through a Robo/DCC receptor complex. Science 291, 1928–1938
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharon, E. et al. (2001) Propagating solitary waves along a rapidly moving crack front. Nature 410, 68–71
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Weller, E. et al. (2014) More-frequent extreme northward shifts of eastern Indian Ocean tropical convergence under greenhouse warming. Sci. Rep. 4, 6087

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne, E.B. (2011) Connections for the Digital Age, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ivancevic, V.G. and Ivancevic, T.T., eds. (2006) Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems: A Unified Modelling Approach to Physics, Control, Biomechanics, Neurodynamics and Psycho-Socio-Economical Dynamics, 31, Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Penzak, S.R. (2011) Interactions Between Herbs and Antiinfective Medications. In Drug Interactions in Infectious Diseases (Piscitelli, S. C. et al., eds), pp. 131–165, Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Genetics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017) If You Don’t Want To Know What An Owl Looks Like Naked, Look Away Now. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Evaluation of NASA Compliance With Congressional Reprogramming Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jalali Farahani, B. (2005) Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017) Mets Sign Six, Including deGrom, Harvey and Familia; Flores Waits for MoreNew York Times, D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Genetics
AbbreviationTrends Genet.
ISSN (print)0168-9525

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