How to format your references using the Trends in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stockman, M.I. (2015) Applied optics. Nanoplasmonic sensing and detection. Science 348, 287–288
A journal article with 2 authors
Herberstein, M.E. and Kemp, D.J. (2012) Physiology. A clearer view from fuzzy images. Science 335, 409–410
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, J.F. et al. (2004) Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature 429, 410–413
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Brooks, A.S. et al. (2018) Long-distance stone transport and pigment use in the earliest Middle Stone Age. Science 360, 90–94

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Primak, S.L. and Kontorovich, V. (2011) Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, L. et al., eds. (2005) Advances in Natural Computation: First International Conference, ICNC 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part III, 3612Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
White, S.M. (2005) Coronal Magnetic Field Measurements Through Gyroresonance Emission. In Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics: Current Status and Future Developments (Gary, D. E. and Keller, C. U., eds), pp. 89–113, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 20-Oct-(2015) , River Flows Drop As Carbon Dioxide Creates Thirstier Plants. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Many Proprietary Schools Do Not Comply With Department of Education’s Pell Grant Program Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalton, R. (2010) , The story of Huo Yuanjia and the narrative of national humiliation in post-Mao China. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. 26-Oct-(2002) , Fordham’s Big 3 Make Trip North Worthwhile. , New York Times, D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Genetics
AbbreviationTrends Genet.
ISSN (print)0168-9525

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