How to format your references using the Atmospheric Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Southwood, D., 2012. Research collaboration: When international partnerships go wrong. Nature 488, 451–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balasubramanian, M., Schwartz, E.L., 2002. The isomap algorithm and topological stability. Science 295, 7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Gauthier, D.J., Boyd, R.W., 2007. Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science 318, 1748–1750.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, L., Eckmann, C.R., Kadyk, L.C., Wickens, M., Kimble, J., 2002. A regulatory cytoplasmic poly(A) polymerase in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 419, 312–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singer, B., Fedorinchik, G., 2009. Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
König, H., Unden, G., Fröhlich, J. (Eds.), 2009. Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes, in Must and in Wine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Christinat, Y., Moret, B.M.E., 2012. A Transcript Perspective on Evolution, in: Bleris, L., Măndoiu, I., Schwartz, R., Wang, J. (Eds.), Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 8th International Symposium, ISBRA 2012, Dallas, TX, USA, May 21-23, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Pollution Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Scarlet Macaw Fossils Reveal When Complex Societies Formed in the American Southwest [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Asbestos in Schools: A Dilemma (No. CED-82-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mauger, G.S., 2008. Synoptic sensitivities of subtropical clouds: Separating aerosol effects from meteorology (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor, Y., 2016. Trump Rallies White Crowd in Wisconsin for the Police. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Southwood, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Balasubramanian and Schwartz, 2002; Southwood, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balasubramanian and Schwartz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Pollution Research
AbbreviationAtmos. Pollut. Res.
ISSN (print)1309-1042
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Waste Management and Disposal

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