How to format your references using the Atmospheric Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, W.D., 2002. Tech.Sight. Analyzing biomolecular interactions. Science 295, 2103–2105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartland, G.V., Lo, S.S., 2013. Physics. Spectroscopy beyond the single-particle limit. Science 341, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, M.A., Sawyer, S.A., Losos, J.B., 2007. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature 447, 202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kitov, P.I., Sadowska, J.M., Mulvey, G., Armstrong, G.D., Ling, H., Pannu, N.S., Read, R.J., Bundle, D.R., 2000. Shiga-like toxins are neutralized by tailored multivalent carbohydrate ligands. Nature 403, 669–672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén, B.I., 2011. Design of Multithreaded Software. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mamou, J., Oelze, M.L. (Eds.), 2013. Quantitative Ultrasound in Soft Tissues. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Habli, I., Kelly, T., 2007. Achieving Integrated Process and Product Safety Arguments, in: Redmill, F., Anderson, T. (Eds.), The Safety of Systems: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Safety-Critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 13–15 February 2007. Springer, London, pp. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Pollution Research.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Rescuers Battle To Save Remaining Whales After Hundreds Die In Huge Mass Stranding [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Highway Trust Fund: Condition and Outlook for the Highway Account (No. RCED-89-136). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey, Z.J., 2013. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., Strand, O., 2017. Nestlé Goes High End, Buying Blue Bottle Coffee. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hartland and Lo, 2013; Wilson, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartland and Lo, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kitov et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Pollution Research
AbbreviationAtmos. Pollut. Res.
ISSN (print)1309-1042
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles