How to format your references using the Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Greely HT. Get ready for the flood of fetal gene screening. Nature 2011;469:289–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Menand T, Tait SR. A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature 2001;411:678–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Burlaga LF, Ness NF, Stone EC. Magnetic field observations as Voyager 1 entered the heliosheath depletion region. Science 2013;341:147–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lund E, Güttinger S, Calado A, Dahlberg JE, Kutay U. Nuclear export of microRNA precursors. Science 2004;303:95–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
DeRosa DF. Foreign Exchange Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Wördenweber B. Automotive Lighting and Human Vision. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yaqub M, Cuingnet R, Napolitano R, Roundhill D, Papageorghiou A, Ardon R, et al. Volumetric Segmentation of Key Fetal Brain Structures in 3D Ultrasound. In: Wu G, Zhang D, Shen D, Yan P, Suzuki K, Wang F, editors. Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 4th International Workshop, MLMI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013, p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Incredible New Image Of The Crab Nebula Created By 5 Telescopes Combined. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/incredible-new-image-of-the-crab-nebula-created-by-5-telescopes-combined/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Civilian Agencies’ Management and Use of Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
van der Steen R. Intended infidelity: Male-female differences in intention-behavior congruence and the relative prediction power of gender, relationship and individual difference variables. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Cooper M, Pogrebin R. Foam, Armor and Nights at the Museum: Protecting Florida’s Art From Irma. New York Times 2017:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Cardiovascular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Cardiovasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1050-1738
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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