How to format your references using the Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Grayson M. Nutrigenomics. Nature 2010;468:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Thomas CD, Williamson M. Extinction and climate change. Nature 2012;482:E4-5; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Killgore WDS, Olson EA, Weber M. Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci Rep 2013;3:3457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Barber DL, Wherry EJ, Masopust D, Zhu B, Allison JP, Sharpe AH, et al. Restoring function in exhausted CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection. Nature 2006;439:682–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Weiss J. Handbook of Ion Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Rzoska SJ, Zhelezny VP, editors. Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids. vol. 157. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bearden CE, Winkler A, Karlsgodt KH, Bilder R. Cognitive Phenotypes and Endophenotypes: Concepts and Criteria. In: Jagaroo V, Santangelo SL, editors. Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the “OMICS” Era, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2016, p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Reveal Mechanism of Giant Plasma Solar “Rainstorms.” IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-reveal-mechanism-giant-plasma-solar-rainstorms/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. OFPP Followup to Federal Supply Schedule Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mills Campbell D. Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Lee L. Low-Upkeep Gardens, but Not Dirt Cheap. New York Times 2009:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Cardiovascular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Cardiovasc. Med.
ISSN (print)1050-1738
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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