How to format your references using the Immuno-Oncology Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immuno-Oncology Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley WB. Outrageous events: don’t count them out. Science 2000;290:715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khajetoorians AA, Wiebe J. Physics. Hitting the limit of magnetic anisotropy. Science 2014;344:976–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor DH, Huber D, Svoboda K. Reverse engineering the mouse brain. Nature 2009;461:923–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stingl J, Eirew P, Ricketson I, Shackleton M, Vaillant F, Choi D, et al. Purification and unique properties of mammary epithelial stem cells. Nature 2006;439:993–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad SR, Cartwright M. Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Zlatic V, Hewson A, editors. New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Grivas K, Zerefos S. The Map as a Tool for Identifying Pervasive Interactions in Today’s Home. In: Streitz N, Markopoulos P, editors. Distributed, Ambient, and Pervasive Interactions: Third International Conference, DAPI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immuno-Oncology Technology.

Blog post
Andrews R. World’s Oldest Orca Returns To Washington State Coast In “High Spirits.” IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang Y. Crossroads A World War II story. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Headscarves Banned From ID Photos. New York Times 2002:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImmuno-Oncology Technology
ISSN (print)2590-0188

Other styles